Country Snapshots provide a selection of national environment statistics, complemented by key economic and social indicators. Click or select the name of the country below to view the country snapshot.
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Country Snapshot -
Air and climate
|SO2 per capita (kg)|
|NOx per capita (kg)|
|CO2 (million tonnes)|
|CO2 per capita (tonnes)|
|GHG (million tonnes CO2 eq.)|
|GHG per capita (tonnes CO2 eq.)|
|Consumption of ozone depleting CFCs
|Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%)|
|Number of threatened species|
|Fish catch (tonnes)|
|Change in fish catch from previous year (%)|
|GDP growth rate from previous year (%)|
|GDP per capita (at current prices - $US)|
|% Value added: agriculture, hunting, forestry, fishing|
|% Value added: mining, manufacturing, utilities|
|Total energy supply (PJ)|
|Energy supply per capita (GJ)|
|Energy use intensity (MJ per USD constant 2011 PPP GDP))|
|Renewable electricity production (%)|
Land and agriculture
|Total area (sq km)|
|Agricultural land (sq km)|
|Arable land (% of agric. land)|
|Permanent crops (% of agric. land)|
|Note: The boundaries, the names shown, and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.|
|Permanent meadows and pastures (% of agric. land)|
|Change in agricultural land area since 1990 (%)|
|Forest area (sq km)|
|Change in forest area since 1990 (%)|
|Population growth rate from previous year (%)|
|Total population served by municipal waste collection (%)|
|Municipal waste collected (1000t)|
|Hazardous waste generated per capita (kg)|
|Proportion of hazardous waste treated or disposed (%)|
|Proportion of municipal waste recycled (%)|
Water and sanitation
|Renewable freshwater resources per capita (m3)|
|Proportion of wastewater treated (%)|
|Proportion of freshwater abstracted (%)|
Last updated: December 2022
These snapshots provide data about the environment and other related statistics at a point in time that will allow comparison between countries. For up to date data, time series, downloadable data, and additional information, please visit original sources. UNSD is not responsible for the quality, completeness / availability, and validity of data obtained from other data providers. Original sources should be cited when Environment Statistics Country Snapshot data are referenced. A list of sources and corresponding URLs are shown below.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Database
Fish catch, Change in fish catch from previous year, Agricultural land, Arable land as a % of agric. land, Permanent crops as a % of agric. land, Permanent meadows and pastures as a % of agric. land, Change in agricultural land area since 1990, Forest area, and Change in forest area since 1990 data are extracted from FAO.
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
Number of threatened species data are extracted from the IUCN.
GDP growth rate from previous year, and GDP per capita (at current prices) data are retrieved from the UNdata portal.
United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, World Population Prospects
All 'per capita' variables use population data obtained from this source. Population and Population growth rate from previous year data are also retrieved from this source.
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Secretariat
SO2 emissions, SO2 per capita emissions, NOx emissions, NOx per capita emissions, GHG emissions and GHG per capita are obtained from the UNFCCC
United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD) Demographic Statistics Yearbook
Total area data are extracted from this source.
United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD) Energy Statistics Database
Energy consumption, Energy consumption per capita, CO2 emissions, CO2 emissions per capita, Energy use intensity (MJ per USD constant 2011 PPP GDP) and Renewable electricity production figures are extracted from the UNSD Energy Statistics Database.
United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD) Environment Statistics Database
Total population served by municipal waste collection, Municipal waste collected, Hazardous waste generated per capita, Proportion of hazardous waste treated or disposed, Proportion of municipal waste recycled, Renewable freshwater resources per capita, Proportion of wastewater treated and Proportion of freshwater abstracted data are extracted from the UNSD Environment Statistics Database (note: database also includes data from OECD and Eurostat).
United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD) Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) Indicators Global Database
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected are extracted from the SDG database.
United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD) National Accounts Database
% value added - agriculture, hunting, forestry, fishing; and % value added - mining, manufacturing, utilities are obtained from the National Accounts Main Aggregates Database, according to the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC).
Footnotes for previous page
* For further information on data retrieved from sources, please visit the original data provider.
Climate Change Statistics
- Basic Set of Environment Statistics
- FDES 2013 brochure
- Blueprint for Action
- Environment statistics compendia
- Environment Statistics Self-Assessment Tool
- Framework for the Development of Environment Statistics (FDES 2013)
- SDG indicators + Basic Set (FDES) matrix
- Manual on the Basic Set of Environment Statistics
- Expert Group on Environment Statistics