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Industry Statistics

1. Commodity Production Statistics

In the area of industrial statistics, the United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD) is engaged in the collection and dissemination of data on the production of major industrial commodities, both in physical quantities and in monetary value. Data are mainly collected through a questionnaire sent yearly to national statistical offices. The commodities are classified according to the UN List of Industrial Products. The data collected are published in three major publications: the Industrial Commodity Statistics Yearbook, the United Nations Statistics Yearbook, and the Monthly Bulletin of Statistics.

Data on Industrial Commodity Production can be obtained in the following ways:

2. Index of Industrial Production (IIP)

The United Nations Statistics Division collects, compiles and publishes monthly, quarterly and yearly indices of industrial production through a questionnaire sent to national statistical offices. The indices are compiled according to the International Standard Industrial Classification of all Economic Activities (ISIC), Rev.4 categories, at the 2-digit level, for sections B-E of the classification, i.e. "Mining and quarrying", "Manufacturing", "Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply" and "Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities". For countries that do not yet use ISIC Rev.4, data according to ISIC Rev.3 are still being collected and published. Monthly IIP data are published at the Section level of ISIC.
The data collected is disseminated through the following United Nations publications: the Monthly Bulletin of Statistics, the United Nations Statistical Yearbook, and the World Statistics Pocket Book.

The United Nations Statistics Division is the only international organization that publishes aggregated data for the index numbers at world levels as well as by economic and geographical grouping. The collection of these index numbers was started in 1953, in accordance with the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) mandate.

The weights used in the calculation of the indices for a particular country are the value added contribution to the gross domestic product (GDP) of the given industry during the base year (value added = output - intermediate consumption). These value added contributions are measured at basic prices. Ideally, every five years the base year is changed, the corresponding base weights are updated and the indices of subsequent years are rebased.

The United Nations Statistics Division started publishing the annual and quarterly indices using 2010=100 as of the July 2014 edition of the Monthly Bulletin of Statistics.

The Division has also carried out a revision of the methodological guidelines for the calculation of these index numbers, resulting in the "International Recommendations for the Index of Industrial Production 2010".

3. General Industrial Statistics

From 1953 to 1993, the Industrial Statistics Section was also responsible for collecting a series of general industrial statistics. The last edition published by the United Nations Statistics Division is the Industrial Statistics Yearbook 1991 - Volume I: General Industrial Statistics. The historical dataset of General Industrial Statistics covering 1953-1993 is available, as space delimited files, on CD-platform. As of 1994, the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) became responsible for the collection and dissemination of general industrial statistics for manufacturing activities. As of 2015 the responsibility for the collection of structural business statistics for the mining and utilities sectors, including data collection, processing and publication, was also transferred from the UN Statistics Division to UNIDO. For general industrial statistics on manufacturing after 1993, and on mining and utilities sectors after 2015, please contact UNIDO.