International Family of Classifications


Classification of institutional units for R&D purposes (Frascati institutional Sectors)


Basic Bibliographic Information

Status:
Operational
Type:
To Be Determined
Citation:
OECD (2015), Frascati Manual 2015: Guidelines for Collecting and Reporting Data on Research and Experimental Development, Chapter 3, The Measurement of Scientific, Technological and Innovation Activities, OECD Publishing, Paris.
ISBN:
978-92-6423880-0
Website:
Custodian:
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Available Formats:
Print, PDF
Year Adopted:
2015
Year Published:
2015
Available Languages (besides English):
Fran├žais Details...
Français
-
Availability:
Fully available in all of the languages above

Purpose of the Classification

Statistical Domains:
2.9 Science, technology and innovation
Purpose:
Characterise and classify R&D performing and funding indtitutions.
Main Applications:
Used for collecting and reporting data on R&D
Main Users:
Statisticians, economists, analysts and policy makers in the area of R&D, science, technology and innovation

Methodology

Scope:
R&D units/institutions
Concept Being Classified:
economic activities, research
Statistical Units:
R&D units/institutions generally at the enterprise
Main Principles:
Be compatible with the SNA institutional sectors while appropriately characterising R&D units/institutions, in particular by identifying the higher education sector separately for policy purposes.
Relationships to Other International Classifications:
Related To:
Major Differences (Scope, Structure, and Concepts):
Approximate correspondence between Frascati and SNA institutional sectors
Only applies to R&D performing and funding institutions The classification is compatible with the SNA institutional classification with the exception of the higher education sector, which is identified as a separate sector because of its prominence in R&D activities. The definition of the higher education sector is partly based on ISCED 2011. Only pertains to R&D activity

Classification Structure

Definition of Structure:
Level:
Level Name:
Code Format:
Number of Items:
Level 1
Institutional sector
n.a.
4 items
Remarks:
There is only one structure level with 4 items which are the business enterprise sector (BE), the government sector (GOV), the higher education sector (HE) and the private non-profit sector (PNP). When international flows of R&D are measured, the rest of the world is also considered as a sector. While no other structure level exist, other general classifications are considered applicable to all classified institutional units, in particular the classification by main economic activity (ISIC rev.4) and the Field of Research and Development (FORD) classification.
Criteria for Definition of Levels:
not relevant

Revision Information

Chronology of revisions/versions of the classification:
Year Adopted:
Title or Version Number:
Website:
Official Adopting Entity:
OECD Committee for Science and Technology Policy (CSTP) and OECD Committee for Statistics and Statistical Policy (CSSP)
Coordinating Entity:
OECD Working Party of National Experts on Science and Technology Indicators (NESTI), which is under the CSTP
Reason for Latest Revision:
Take into account changes stemming from the latest revisions of the SNA and the ISCED, plus other considerations linked to the institutional organisation of R&D activities more generally
Major Changes:
In addition to the reason mentioned above: In particular with respect to teminology used, improved guidelines on how to classify units/institutions with discussion of main borderline cases.

Supporting Documents

Coding Index Available:
No
Training Materials and Other Documents:
N/A

Contact Information

Agency / Office:
OECD
Unit:
STI/EAS
Contact Name:
Fernando Galindo-Rueda
Email:
Website:
Telephone:
+331 4524 8749
Fax:
+331 4524 6258
Address:
2 rue André Pascal 75016 Paris France

Comments

The name of the classification is not exactly an 'official' name but the naming of the classification in the related chapter of the Frascati Manual. Additional identifiers: DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264239012-en ISBN 978-92-6423880-0 (print) ISBN 978-926423901-2 (PDF) The revision website is a community space which is accesible for NESTI delegates only: https://community.oecd.org/community/frascati-review (not open to external public)