Areas and topics included in the draft Global Set

The draft Global Set is structured according to the FDES and the five areas of the IPCC framework. The five climate change areas drivers, impacts, vulnerability, mitigation and adaptation. These areas with the main topics currently included in the draft set of climate change statistics and indicators are listed below. The draft list also includes statistics and indicators within each of the topics which were reviewed during the Pilot Survey.

Drivers: Changes in the atmospheric concentrations of GHGs and aerosols, land cover and solar radiation that alter the energy balance of the climate system are drivers of climate change (IPCC Climate Change 2007 Synthesis Report).
  • Total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions
  • Atmospheric concentration of greenhouse gases
  • Energy production and supply
  • Energy consumption
  • Fossil fuels
  • Population
  • Transport
  • Land and agriculture
Impacts: Consequences of climate change on natural and human systems. Depending on the consideration of adaptation, one can distinguish between potential impacts and residual impacts (IPCC Third Assessment Report).
  • Agricultural production impacted by climate change
  • Areas impacted by climate change
  • Freshwater resources
  • Freshwater abstraction, supply and use
  • Water quality
  • Hazardous events and disasters
  • Climate change and human health
  • Climate change evidence
  • Soil condition
  • Distribution and status of species
  • Distribution and status of ecosystems
  • Production and consumption of materials
  • Climate change impacts on transport and tourism
Vulnerability: The degree to which a system is susceptible to, or unable to cope with, adverse effects of climate change, including climate variability and extremes. Vulnerability is a function of the character, magnitude, and rate of climate variation to which a system is exposed, its sensitivity, and its adaptive capacity (IPCC Third Assessment Report).
  • Food security and agriculture
  • Vulnerable species, ecosystems and their services
  • Buildings and infrastructure vulnerable to climate change
  • Vulnerable population
  • Vulnerable area of country to climate change
Mitigation: An anthropogenic intervention to reduce the sources or enhance the sinks of greenhouse gases (IPCC Third Assessment Report).
  • Renewable energy
  • Climate change mitigation policies, strategies and plans
  • Climate change mitigation technology and practice
Adaptation: Initiatives and measures to reduce the vulnerability of natural and human systems against actual or expected climate change effects. Various types of adaptation exist, e.g. anticipatory and reactive, private and public, and autonomous and planned. Examples are raising river or coastal dikes, the substitution of more temperature-shock resistant plants for sensitive ones, etc. (IPCC Climate Change 2007 Synthesis Report).
  • Climate change adaptation policies, strategies and plans
  • Risk management, disaster forecasting and early warning systems
  • Climate change public awareness and education
  • Climate change adaptation management and practice
  • Climate change monitoring
  • Water management
  • Waste management