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Country and area nomenclature

Designations which have changed in recent years

  • Cabo Verde - Previously translated as Cape Verde.
  • Czechia - Formerly Czech Republic.
  • Eswatini - Formerly Swaziland.
  • North Macedonia - Formerly The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.
  • Netherlands (Kingdom of the) - Formerly Netherlands.
  • Russian Federation - The statistical data for the Russian Federation refers to information provided by the Russian Federation and where indicated includes statistical data for the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, Ukraine, temporarily occupied by the Russian Federation.
  • State of Palestine - Formerly Occupied Palestinian Territory.
  • Sudan, South Sudan - South Sudan became an independent State on 9 July 2011 and a Member of the United Nations on 14 July 2011. Data for each country, where available, are shown separately. Data presented for the period prior to July 2011, shown under the heading "Sudan", may refer to Sudan and South Sudan.
  • Türkiye - Formerly Turkey.
  • Ukraine - On 28 July 2014, the Government of Ukraine informed the United Nations that it is not in a position to provide statistical data concerning the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol.


The designations used and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

The term country as used in this publication also refers, as appropriate, to territories or areas.

The designations "developed regions" and "developing regions" are intended for statistical convenience and do not necessarily express a judgement about the stage reached by a particular country or area in the development process.

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