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Global Forum on Trade Statistics
organized jointly by UNSD and Eurostat in collaboration with WTO and UNCTAD

2-4 February 2011, Geneva, Switzerland

Thursday 3 Feb 2011, Morning Session, 9:30 - 12:30

  Mr. Andreas Lindner holds a Masters degree in Economics from the University of Freiburg. He is currently Head of the International Trade and Competitiveness Statistics Section in OECD’s Statistics Directorate. He is responsible for trade in goods, trade in services, BOP and competitiveness statistics. Previously, he was heading the sections of Trade and Globalisation Statistics and of Trade and Business Statistics, and has worked for many years in Agriculture Statistics. He is convener and organizer of the OECD Working Party on International Trade in Goods and Services, and was one of the main organizers of the meetings of the Wiesbaden Group on Business Registers. He is further member of the Task Forces of IMTS and SITS, of the IMF BOP Committee and of the ISI and the IAOS. He is currently engaged in developing a new OECD publication “Trade and Competitiveness at a Glance”.

  The gathering of data for trade statistics purposes has a long-standing reliance on the Customs declaration for comprehensive and timely statistics. Recent research by UK and Dutch Customs has identified weaknesses in the international trade supply chain leading to potential inaccuracies in the data captured by Customs. Many of the systems associated with international trade are disconnected from each other and designed for old, outdated, paper-based processes and procedures. And there are other threats to the capture of accurate data for statistical purposes. Initiatives within the European Union could mean Customs declarations for goods entering and leaving one country are processed by Customs in another country. Or companies may be able to make periodic assessment of their Customs responsibilities making real time gathering of data very difficult.  Customs has opportunities for a fundamental and radical review of the way the supply chain is managed, which could lead to a web based, seamless integrated data pipeline that links the buyer with the seller and joins together the commercial and regulatory players in between.  This paper proposes a review of the statistical requirement for economic decision making so as to enable statisticians to influence Customs developments and ensure that real data needs are met.
  Sandra Tudor is a senior statistician with HM Revenue and Customs in the United Kingdom.  She has responsibility for the compilation and production of the UK’s merchandise trade in goods statistics.  She has worked as part of the UK Government Statistical Service for 19 years, providing briefings on international trade and industry sectors in the Department for Business Innovation and Skills before moving to trade statistics compilation in Revenue and Customs. 

  Canada has a long history of using customs data. Over the years, this has evolved to include a data interchange with the US and a list of other sources to complement the custom data. This presentation will cover the current state of the data sources being used at Statistics Canada to produce the merchandise trade statistics.
  Roland Boudreau is the Director of the International Trade Division at Statistics Canada. He joined the international merchandise trade program last year after two years in the  distributive trade statistics program and more than 10 years in the service  industries statistics program.

  International Trade Statistics: Data Sources
The Exchange Office is responsible for checking transactions and for the trade statistics. Besides IMTS, it is also responsible for Balance of Payments. Morocco uses the Special Trade System including since 1997 the inward processing activities and since 2005 de exports of the free zones. Other data sources which are used are the shipping manifests and direct reporting from specific enterprises, like those involved in the trade of Phosphates.  
  Mr. Houssaine Ouljour was recruited at the Exchange Office in 1994. He was responsible for the Balance of Payment statistics. In 2006, he became chief of the statistical methodology and surveys section. Since 2010 he is the national coordinator for international trade and the balance of payments in the framework of the MEDSTAT programme.  

  This presentation will deal with the practice of the Philippines National Statistics Office (NSO) on the compilation of the IMTS, its legal authority to compile official IMTS for the Philippines, the current sources of IMTS data from both the Bureau of Customs and other Non-Customs Data Sources. It will describe how NSO processes import and export documents from the Bureau of Customs. The experience of the NSO in undertaking establishment surveys related to IMTS will be also presented. The presentation also includes future plans of the NSO to improve the compilation of the IMTS in order to adopt the recommendations of the 2010 UN IMTS Manual as well as to comply with the ASEAN Data Transmission Protocol. 
  Estela Tormon de Guzman is the Director of the Industry and Trade Statistics Department (ITSD) of the Philippines National Statistics Office. She is responsible for the technical and administrative supervision of ITSD, the unit within the NSO tasked to plan, generate and disseminate establishment-based surveys and censuses and administrative-based statistics, including International Merchandise Trade Statistics (IMTS). With regards to her involvement with the IMTS, she is the Focal Person for the Philippines for the ASEAN Task Force on IMTS tasked to harmonize the IMTS among the ASEAN member states. She co-chairs the Inter-Agency Committee on Trade Statistics and chairs the Technical Working Group on Trade in Goods in the Philippines.  She is also member of the Experts Group on IMTS created by the UNSD to review the 2010 IMTS Manual and currently the Compilers Manual. She has been tapped by the UNSD to serve as local consultant on IMTS for Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Vietnam and East Timor. She was also taken by the Asian Development Bank as international consultant for the Republic of Marshall    Islands. She has represented the NSO in various national and international conferences and workshops, not only on IMTS, but also on industrial statistics, distributive statistics, trade in services,  price indices. 


The presentation aims at showing the Spanish experience in the  BoP-Other Services estimation and in the production of the Survey of International Trade in Services performed by INE as an alternative source to ITRS in the future. The survey methodology will be briefly described and the main results compared to ITRS will be shown. Likewise, several explanatory tables on the  results will be presented and differences will be analysed.

The  possible disappearance of ITRS as a source able to identify resident traders on  services at international level can have consequences on the survey's sampling  design in the future. The possible alternatives to face this new reality will be also dealt during the presentation. 
  Mr. Jose Antonio Isanta is the head of the International Trade in Services Unit, Business Statistics Directorate, INE-Spain.  Prior to his current position, he also previously held the following positions in INE-Spain: Head of Unit for the Global Analysis of the Service Sector, Services Statistics Directorate, General Directorate of Statistical Products, Director of International Relations, and Head of Unit, Wages, Salaries and labor Costs Statistics. He was also Assistant Teacher in Maths, Probability and Microeconomics, School of Economics, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona. 

Mr. Isanta is a Senior Statistician (official belonging to High Body of Statisticians of the State). He received his MSC in Economics from Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona and his High Degree in Business and Administration from Universidad Carlos III, Madrid.

  International Trade in Services Statistics of Vietnam
Statistics of International Trade in Services are produced from reports of commercial banks monthly and compiled by the State Bank of Vietnam (SBV) under BOP (followed BPM5). However, from 2004 GSO studied on the Manual International Trade in Services and then co-operated with SBV in compiling ITS data. ITS data are compiled based on surveys by the GSO and reports of others from ministries.

Service exports/imports measuring in BOP and SNA: ITS surveys have been adding into the National Statistical Survey Program since 2008: ITS census 5 yearly; ITS sample survey quarterly, planned from 2011; Insurance, Freight sample survey 5 yearly and survey on visitor’s expenditure 2 yearly.

Annual Enterprise Survey (AES) is conducted since 2002. Main outputs for ITS statistics are: number of enterprises having trade in services activity, number of employees of these enterprises, value of service exports/imports by economic sector, by service categories and by provinces, value of service exports/imports of  FDI Enterprises by service categories, by provinces and by non-resident investor owns (less than 50%, 50%, over 50%)

In 2009, an ITS Census was conducted separate from AES. Collected data such as: services exports/imports of Enterprises in 2008 and 6 months of 2009.

The future plan is to further develop ITS quarterly sample surveys from 2011 onwards with surveys of all of enterprises having sea transport, air transport and communication services and sample surveys for enterprising having other services; FATS statistics based on data of AES; establish ITS database, disseminate information step by step; classify statistics by four modes of supplies and research and apply estimate measures.
  Pham Thi Quynh Loi is currently Officer of the Trade and Services Statistics Department of the General Statistics Office of Vietnam.  She is in charge of the compilation of international trade statistics in goods and services and is a member of the technical group of GSO on construction Vietnamese classification of international trade in services -VCITS. She has over 12 years of professional experience including 10 years of experience in international trade statistics (10 years of experience in international merchandise trade statistics and 3 years of experience studying and implementing international trade in services statistics) and 2 years of study on master public policy.  Her key qualifications include practical experiences and methodological background in different statistical fields (international trade in goods and services, statistical classification on activities and commodities, harmonization on ASEAN tariff nomenclature) as well as knowledge on trade - WTO system management and national data requirement.

Ms. Pham Thi Quynh conducts activities with related agencies including, inter-alia, the Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Trade, Ministry of Planning and Investment, State Bank, General Department of Customs and Provincial statistics office, on international trade in goods and services, trade policy, international economic integration.  She delivers the yearly publication on International Merchandise Trade and the monthly analytic report on the International Merchandise Trade of Vietnam.

Ms. Pham Thi Quynh received her master’s degree in Public Policy from the University of Economics Ho Chi Minh City in 2010 and her bachelor’s degree in Social-Economic Statistics from Hanoi University of National Economy in 1998.

  As a major international trading hub, Hong Kong actively engages in the global trade of goods and services.  In particular, trading activities relating to ‘goods for processing’ and ‘merchanting’, have been playing a vital role in the external trade front of Hong Kong over the past decades.  This presentation provides an account of the statistical system of trade in goods and services of Hong Kong, and the compilation system of the goods and services components in the Balance of Payments account of Hong Kong.  Alongside the publication of the sixth edition of the Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual in 2008, the presentation also discusses the impact of one major change in international standards, i.e. the ‘change of ownership’ principle, on trade in goods and services statistics of Hong Kong, and the pragmatic and user-oriented approach adopted by Hong Kong to address various implementation issues relating to data sources, compilation method and dissemination plan. 

Miss Chan joined the statistician grade of the Census and Statistics Department, Hong Kong in 1979.  She was promoted to Assistant Commissioner in 2006.  Over her years of service in official statistics, Miss Chan has been engaged in the programme of economic surveys, labour force and employment statistics, thematic household surveys, and population census.  Currently she is responsible for the systems of external merchandise trade statistics and price statistics.

Miss Chan is an elected member of the International Statistical Institute (ISI).  She had served on the Board of Directors of the Association of National Census and Statistics Directors of America, Asia and the Pacific and chaired the organization committee for the 24th Population Census Conference in March 2009.