Ad-hoc Energy Group Meeting
New York 23-25 May 2005
Opening speech by Mr. Paul Cheung,
Director, Statistics Division, United Nations
Good morning and welcome to New York. I am glad to host this important
meeting on energy statistics here at UNSD.The UN Statistical Commission
has the tradition of putting selected subject areas of statistics under
a magnifying glass for a comprehensive programme review. At its last,
36th session in March 2005, the Commission discussed the situation of
national and international energy statistics in detail.
Energy statistics is often not included in the traditional work of statistical
offices. In the majority of countries, energy ministries, agencies specialized
in one fuel type or in one particular flow, or sometimes large energy
companies, are responsible for energy statistics. Country energy data
is often produced outside the system of official statistics.
Today, quality requirements for energy statistics have become exceptionally
high, because of the unique economic, environmental, social and political
significance of energy. Furthermore, this intricate link between energy,
society, economy and environment, means there is an increasing need to
improve the integration of energy statistics with economic, social and
It is clear that this integration and the necessary quality assurance
can be done most effectively within the system of official statistics.
However, as opposed to other areas of statistics, such as for instance
price statistics, national accounts or international trade, where several
groups focus on methodological development and coordination under the
aegis of the UN Statistical Commission, there is no existing similar mechanism
for the scientific, methodological development and coordination of energy
statistics. And we don't have a strong international community of energy
The United Nations Statistics Division has been engaged in the production
of global energy statistics for more than 50 years: our latest yearbook
is the forty-fifth in a series of annual compilations which commenced
under the title 'World Energy Supplies in Selected Years, 1929 - 1950'.
The Division has developed key methodological handbooks and guidelines
for the collection of national energy statistics and for compiling energy
balances. The UNSD Database currently contains detailed energy statistics
for more than 200 countries since 1950.
The oil crises of the 1970's wakened the developed world to its increasing
dependence on oil. At that time, we saw the creation of several agencies
that engaged in collecting and disseminating energy information. This
resulted in accelerated development of methodology, and more and better
energy data. On the other hand, with thirty years of hindsight, we can
see that it has lead to a certain amount of duplication, separate development
of concepts and methods, and consequently, a lack of harmonization in
some areas. There is a need for guidance how to work towards convergence
instead of divergence.
Good examples exist: the Joint Oil Data Initiative, known as JODI, is
the success story of strong collaboration among six international organizations
towards transparent, reliable and timely monthly oil statistics. The JODI
has created a good amount of political interest and visibility and this
momentum should be channeled into the improvement of overall energy statistics.
Removing duplicate data requests, and standardizing our requests to a
core set of data required to meet the basic energy policy needs are essential.
And we must help countries build the statistical competences needed to
carry out this work.
Responding to these requirements is the new challenge to official energy
statisticians and to national statistical offices. This is why the Statistical
Commission recently reviewed the situation of energy statistics. The Commission
agreed that there was an array of emerging issues that require methodological
development and quality assurance in energy statistics, improved integration
of energy statistics with economic, social and environment statistics,
closer links between energy policy and statistics, and better coordination
and harmonization at the national and international level.
The Statistical Commission requested that UNSD convene this Ad hoc Expert
Group Meeting on Energy Statistics to identify the major issues rising
from the new requirements, establish priorities, and identify the proper
statistical fora to address these issues. The Meeting has to report back
to the Bureau of the Statistical Commission with outlines of specific
mandates and recommendations, including a defined timetable, for future
So what this group comes up with after two and a half days of discussions
will set the agenda for a much longer term work by national and international
experts to improve the availability and quality of energy statistics both
at national and global level. Through this process it is expected that
energy statistics will be anchored firmly as part of the system of official
statistics and a strong community of energy statistics experts will evolve.
I thank you in advance for your support, participation and contribution
to this work. I wish you a successful meeting, good discussions, and a
forward looking and feasible set of recommendations for submission to
the Bureau of the Statistical Commission.
United Nations Statistics Division - Energy Statistics