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January 2019

Energy Statistics Database

The Energy Statistics Database contains basic statistics for more than 220 countries/territories. Currently, the database provides time series for the period 1950-2016 and is updated annually.

The most recent four years in the database are disseminated through the Energy Statistics Yearbook and the Energy Balances and Electricity Profiles. Data from 1990 to 2016 are available on-line through the UNdata portal. The database also contributes to various statistical publications of UNSD, such as the Statistical Yearbook.

The Energy Statistics Database provides statistics on production, trade, transformation and consumption (end-use) for solid, liquid, and gaseous fuels, electricity, and heat. The database contains data in their original units (e.g. metric tonnes, GWh) as well as calorific values to allow interfuel comparison in a common energy unit (terajoules).

The main source of information for the Energy Statistics Database is the UNSD Annual Questionnaire on Energy Statistics. Additional sources of information for the database include national, regional and international statistical publications - including, but not limited to publications from: the International Energy Agency (IEA), the Statistical Office of the European Communities (Eurostat), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), and the Organización Latinoamericana de Energía (OLADE). The Statistics Division prepares estimates where official data are incomplete or inconsistent.

To order:
The database can be ordered through United Nations Publications.

Price for a single user: US$500
Price for multiple users: US$2500
Price for annual updates: 20% of the full price.
A 20% discount is available for academic and non-profit organizations (multiple users only).
Requests from Government institutions are considered on a case by case basis and should be sent to:

Format of the energy statistics database
The Energy Statistics Database is available as a comma-separated values (CSV) file. The fields of the file contain the following:

country code

Country code (1-3 digits)

commodity code

Energy database commodity code (2 characters)

transaction code

Energy database transaction code (2-5 characters)

transfer commodity code


export/import country code

Empty or destination/origin country code (0- 3 digits)


Year (4 digits)


Energy database unit code (3 characters)

estimate indicator

Empty or “*” if value is estimated (0-1 character)



When you order the Energy Statistics Database, you will also receive the following material:
- A description of the database
- A legend of the database codes
- Standard and country-specific conversion factors

General disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of material on this internet site do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitations of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designation "country or area" is used, it covers countries, territories or areas.
The data of the Energy Statistics Database are copyrighted by the United Nations and are provided for your internal use only.
They may not be re-disseminated in any form without written permission of the United Nations Statistics Division.