Country and area nomenclature
Designations which have changed in recent years
- China: For statistical purposes the data for China do not include Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (Hong Kong SAR), Macao Special Administrative Region (Macao SAR) and Taiwan province of China.
- China, Hong Kong SAR: Pursuant to a Joint Declaration signed on 19 December 1984, the United Kingdom restored Hong Kong to the People's Republic of China with effect from 1 July 1997; the People's Republic of China resumed the exercise of sovereignty over the territory with effect from that date.
- China, Macao SAR: Pursuant to a Joint Declaration signed on 13 April 1987, Portugal restored Macao to the People's Republic of China with effect from 20 December 1999; the People's Republic of China resumed the exercise of sovereignty over the territory with effect from that date.
- Czech Republic, Slovakia: Data for the Czech Republic and Slovakia, where available, are shown separately under the appropriate country name.
- Democratic Republic of the Congo: Formerly Zaire
- Myanmar, the Union of: Formerly Burma
- Serbia and Montenegro: On 3 June 2006, Serbia and Montenegro formally dissolved into two independent countries, the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Montenegro. Data for each country, where available, are shown separately. Data presented for the period prior to June 2006, shown under the heading “Serbia”, may refer to Serbia and Montenegro.
- Timor-Leste: Formerly East Timor
- Former USSR: In 1991, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics formally dissolved into fifteen independent countries (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Republic of Moldova, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan).
The designations used and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
The term country as used in this publication also refers, as appropriate, to territories or areas.
The designations "developed regions" and "developing regions" are intended for statistical convenience and do not necessarily express a judgement about the stage reached by a particular country or area in the development process.