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1993 SNA Update Information - Country comments for issue:
Informal sector

Issue description
Issue description in [English] | [French] | [Russian] | [Spanish]
An extract from the resolution on statistics of employment in the informal sector adopted by the Fifteenth International Conference of Labour Statisticians (January 1993) is reproduced as an annex to chapter IV in the 1993 SNA. The resolution, among other things, provides an international statistical definition of the informal sector. However, the SNA does not amplify on the definition or provide guidance on its application in a national accounting context. Given that the informal sector accounts for a substantial portion of production in many countries, such guidance has often been requested. The review should consider whether the updated SNA can provide guidance drawing on work by the Delhi Group on Informal Sector Statistics and by ILO, UNECE, IMF, the Commonwealth of Independent States, and OECD in preparing Measuring the Non-observed Economy: A Handbook.
Country comments
Number of country comments for selected issue:33
  Date postedSourceComment
 11/27/2006AustraliaWe agree with the recommendations made by AEG
 10/11/2006ArmeniaThe National Statistical Service of the Republic of Armenia agrees with the most recent AEG recommendations.
 10/10/2006SwedenAgreement with proposal
 9/29/2006Bank of KoreaWe generally support the recommendations made by the AEG.
 9/15/2006United KingdomWe agree with all the recommendations made by the AEG.
 9/15/2006LatviaAfter deep discussions and expert consultations we basically support the 1993 SNA Update Issues.
 8/18/2006NetherlandsWe generally support the recommendations made at the Frankfurt Meeting of the AEG.
 8/18/2006ItalyWe think that the updated version of the SNA has to clarify the distinction between the own-account production and the informal sector as the NOE Handbook does.
We agree that a bridge table, developed in coordination with the ILO and Delhi Group, between the informal sector special cases and their SNA counterparts could be included in the updated SNA.
The definition of the informal sector should be revised taking into account the documentation produced by the Delhi Group in 1999, which is in the paper presented by the ILO in the 2004 Delhi group meeting and titled “Guidelines endorsed by the Seventeenth International Conference of Labour Statisticians (2003)” (7th Meeting of the expert Group on informal Sector Statistics, New Delhi, 3-4 February 2004).
 8/18/2006USAWe agree with the recommendations of the AEG.
 8/2/2006European Central BankThe ECB generally supports the recommendations made by the AEG.
 8/1/2006National Bank/ National Bureau for Statistics MoldovaNational Bank and National Bureau for Statistics of Moldova agree with the recommendations made at the latest meeting of the AEG.
 8/1/2006Reserve Bank of South AfricaWe carefully worked through all the issues and would like to give our general support to the recommendations made by the AEG.
 8/1/2006Central Bank of TurkmenistanТрактовка «неофициальный ceктop» неточна, тaк как oн включает и производство в домашних хозяйствах, которое нe может носить неофициальный характер, тo есть, не нуждаетcя в обязательной регистрации.
Рекомендуется изменить названия глaвы неофициапькый сектор» в Ненаблюдаемый сектор.
В СНС - 93 неформальный сектор рассматривается в главе IV (пункт 4.159). В ней вводится только концепция неформального сектора. Поэтому, обновленную СНС рекомендуется согласовать с «Руководством по измерению ненаблюдаемoй экoномики» (OЭСР, 2003 год).
 7/31/2006IsraelWe agree with the recommendations of the AEG on this issue.
 7/31/2006Macao SARStatistics and Census Service of Macao SAR agrees to the AEG recommendations and has no further comments.
 7/31/2006Bosnia and HerzegovinaWe agree with AEG recommendations on the update of the 1993 SNA and do not have any further comments.
 7/31/2006ChinaThe informal sector of China mainly consists of individual business operators. In the regular estimation of GDP, only individual business operators who registered in administrations for industry and commerce were included. However, the 2004 Economic Census showed that considerable individual business operators, account for almost 40.1% of the total number of individual business operators, did not register in the administrations for industry and commerce.
China’s economy is developing fast, especially the development of individual business operators. However, in years other than economic census, information on individual business operators is not available. Although the relevant ratio from the economic census can be applied in non-economic census years, the quality of the estimation may not be satisfied and far from the reality due to the rapid change in numbers and scales of the individual business operators. In other words, the applied ratio may change significantly from year to year. Therefore, the most difficult issue of informal sector estimation lines in the unavailability of source data in the regular years.
 7/31/2006Central Bank of NicaraguaEstamos de acuerdo en que se incluya un capítulo en el SCN 93 revisión 1, que detalle el concepto y metodología para la medición del sector informal dentro del marco de las cuentas nacionales, ya que dicho sector representa un porcentaje sustancial de la actividad económica especialmente en los países en desarrollo.
Se apoya la recomendación de reconciliar las diferencias entre la CIET y el SCN en cuanto a terminología, segmentación de la economía, las fronteras de la producción de mercado y la producción para uso final propio, y el universo de las empresas de hogares.
 7/28/2006VietnamWe agree with the treatment and outcomes of the AEG in this issue. However, It is needed to have guidance on detail definitions and identifying the informal forms and units in the informal sector.
 7/28/2006National Bank of SlovakiaConcerning the results of the most recent AEG meeting, we fully support the conclusions and recommendations made by the AEG.
 7/28/2006LithuaniaIn general we support the recommendations.
 7/28/2006Bank of PortugalBanco de Portugal would like to express general support for the recommendations made in the Frankfurt meeting of the Advisory Expert Group on National Accounts (AEG).
 7/28/2006Bank of PolandPlease find our general support for the AEG recommendations made during its recent meeting in Frankfurt.
 7/27/2006Bank of Sierra LeoneWe agree with the recommendations made by the AEG.
 7/27/2006EgyptWe support the proposal for including a section in the revised SNA for the informal sector. The section will be based on the results of the Delhi Group and the ILO discussion.
 7/25/2006Bank of ItalyWe broadly support the conclusions.
 7/24/2006Germany m4Germany32;
 7/24/2006National Bank of the Republic of AzerbaijanWe have analyzed the “Comment on the recommendations of the most recent Advisory Expert Group on National Accounts (AEG) meeting (January 30 – February 8, 2006) in Frankfurt” within the scope of our responsibilities and I am pleased to inform you that we are in agreement with the AEG recommendations.
 7/24/2006SwitzerlandWe broadly agree with the outcome of the AEG discussion with the following comments:
1. We support the proposals to include a section in the updated SNA on the informal sector, but we suggest treating this topic in a chapter on the whole non observed economy in accordance with the OECD Handbook and the UNECE report.
2. We agree with the AEG about the necessity to reconciliate the ILO and SNA definitions of the informal sector
3. A better coordination of the meanings of the terms “sector,” “informal,” “households,” and “formal” would clearly be of great use. This would in turn reduce a great deal confusions and misinterpretations when talking about the informal sector.
4. In our opinion, further attempts should be made, working with ILO and the Delhi Group, to identify groupings of household enterprises, including the informal sector, in the SNA household production account that have a greater degree of international comparability, especially to facilitate the preparation of macroeconomic indicators on household production that are internationally comparable and consistent with the SNA
 1/17/2006Central Bank of West African States cb_WesternAfricanStates32;
 1/3/2006CubaLa frontera de producción incluye por definición las producciones informales, ilegales y/o subterráneas aunque violen las normas vigentes; muchas de las actividades ocultas pueden medirse mediante el fluir de bienes, encuestas e investigaciones específicas, por lo que apoyamos la propuesta de la subsectorización en formal e informal para aquellas economías que así lo requieran de tal forma que puedan lograr sus equilibrios.
 11/29/2005CambodiaWe wish to agree with the recommendation of UNSD in principle, however formal and informal should be clarified with a clear guideline or concepts for practice in measuring within the households as formal or informal because there are very difficult in gathering data and information such case in Cambodia. We need more assistance from the International Organization to help in training to improve the capability of estimation for both formal and informal households within Cambodia, because these sectors are very affected the GDP.
 5/6/2005VietnamWe agree with the recommendations of UNSD, that to have concept of informal employment revision lead to the broadening of the scope of household production to include production of goods and services for own final use, such as production of goods exclusively for own final use of agricultural as well as non agricultural activities and paid domestic services, to ensure comparability in the estimates over time and across countries. It would be useful to have clear criteria for when the alternative method should be used. In Vietnam we noted that informal sector has important effects on the valuation of GDP. Basing on the relationship between the GDP per capital and actual living standard in Vietnam, some economic experts estimated the informal sector value taking about 15 to 20 percent of GDP. However, the information for estimation of the informal sector value is not adequate and very difficulty to collect data source. Therefore, GSO of Vietnam could not assess the effection of informal sector on GDP.
We would like to request assistance of international organizations on production of training materials and collection of best practice, provision of training courses and advisory mission, guidelines for calculating methods and data dissemination; funding of data collection activities and production of country and regional reports ete…
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