Statistics Division Home
Fundamental Principles
Country Practices
Reference Materials and Links
Sign in

Country Profile of Viet Nam

Main statistical agency
Main statistical agency name
General Statistical Office
Web address
Position in the government
GSO is a governmental body that executes functions and authorities of state management on statistics; conducts the statistical operations and provides social and economic statistical information to bodies and organisations and individuals in accordance with the country’s law; carries out state management on public services and executes specific duties and authorities of the representative owner of the state capital at government financed enterprises under management of GSO in accordance with current law.
Organizational structure and finance
The General Statistics Office is headed by the Director General, overseeing multiple departments, 63 provincial statistical offices, and 684 district statistical offices.

1.National Accounts Department;
2.Statistical Methodology Department;
3.Integral Statistics Department;
4.Industrial and Constructional Statistics Department;
5.Agricultural, Forestry & Fishing Statistics Department;
6.Trade, Services & Prices Statistics Department;
7.Population & Labour Statistics Department;
8.Social and Environmental Statistics Department;
9.International Cooperation Department;
10.Personnel Department;
11.Planning and Financial Department;
12.Inspection Department;
13.Administrative and General Affaires Department.

Public service units under direct management of GSO:

1.Statistical Science Institute;
2.Statistical Informatics Centre;
3.Statistical Documentation Centre;
4.Statistical Journal.
Main duties
GSO is responsible of executing its following duties and authorities of state management in the field and area of statistics as a governmental agency according to Government Decree No. 30/2003/ND-CP dated April 01 2003 that specified functions, duties, authorities and organisational structure for governmental agencies.
1. Presiding or participating in drafting statistical legal documents on government assignment.
2. Submitting to the Government and the Prime Minister statistical strategies and projections on a long-term, 5year and yearly basis, and other important projects of GSO.
3. Submitting to the Government for specification of the right of issuing statistical classifications (except for those under the people’s court and people’s court of investigation).
4. Submitting to the Prime Minister for issuing the national system of indicators, primary statistical reporting system, official statistical system, long term and yearly statistical censuses and surveys in accordance with current law.
5. Submitting to the Minister who is assigned by the Prime Minister the task of signing statistical legal documents in accordance with the law.
6. Guiding, checking and taking responsibility to execute statistical legal documents, statistical strategies and programs, national indicators system when they are approved; publicizing, disseminating and educating statistical legal documents and information.
7. Providing technical guidance and support to ministries, ministerial equivalent agencies, governmental agencies, people’ Supreme Court, people’ Supreme Court of investigation, and provincial people committees in making their statistical reports, surveys and classifications within GSO competence.
8. Technically assessing the statistical report system, survey plans of ministerial equivalent agencies, governmental agencies, the people’ supreme court, the people’ supreme investigation court and provincial/city people committees that are under direct management of the Government.
9. Conducting collection of social-economic statistical information, establishing and managing national database on social-economic statistical information in accordance with the law.
10. Submitting to the Government monthly, quarterly and annual general statistical reports on social-economic situation, implementation of national goals and programmes, completed levels for national targets and plans; statistical analytic reports and annual forecasts on social-economic development.
11. Helping the Government in uniform controlling of social-economic information release in accordance of the law.
12. Releasing statistical information of the national statistical indicators system; providing social-economic statistical data to agencies, organisations and individuals in accordance with the law; taking responsibility of the reliance of published information.
13. Compiling and publishing the statistical year book and other statistical publications of Vietnam and international statistics; carrying out the international comparison of statistics.
14. Managing investment and construction projects within GSO competence in accordance with the law.
15. Carrying out international cooperation in the field of statistics in accordance with the law.
16. Organizing and steering the implementation of statistical scientific research plans, applying modern techniques in the centralised statistical system.
17. Deciding on policies and measures, and steering all public service operations within the centralised statistical system in accordance with the law; managing and guiding operations of GSO public service units.
18. Implementing some concrete duties and powers of the representative owner of Government capital in GSO Government capitalised enterprises in accordance with the law.
19. Checking and inspecting and settling complaint and accusing cases; fighting against corruptions and treating any statistical violations within GSO powers.
20. Making decision and guiding the implementation of GSO administrative reform programme approved by the Government.
21. Managing and organising the staffing machinery; guiding implementation of the salary and wage system and policies for behaving, rewarding and penalising Government staff under management of GSO; providing them with statistical trainings.
22. Managing finance and assets given to GSO and conducting implementation of allocated budget in accordance with the law.

Brief history and other relevant background information
Brief history and other relevant background information
Decree 23/CP of March 23 1994, by the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam establishes the role of the General Statistical Office of Vietnam in the provision of quantitative information on the socio-economic situation in Vietnam. The principal legislation establishing responsibilities for the statistical system in Vietnam was the Accounting-Statistics Ordinance issued on May 10, 1988.

Legal basis
Legal basis
The law on statistics in Vietnam has been passed by the National Assembly in May 2003 and entered into force as of January 1st, 2004. The new law establishes specific responsibilities for the collection, compilation and dissemination of designated statistical items. It should also make provision for coordination of statistical activities, establishment of national statistical indicator system, development of statistical survey plans, confidentiality of individual responses, and the use of international standards and classifications.

Other producers of official statistics
Other producers of official statistics
o State Bank of Vietnam
o Ministry of Finance
o Ministry of Health
o Ministry of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs

Data collection
Most recent population census
1 April 1999
Data confidentiality
The confidentiality of individual responses is not written in the current legislation, but is protected by the dissemination policy of the GSO. It is proposed that a new law on the responsibilities of statistics in Vietnam will contain a section that protects the confidentiality of individual respondents.

Data dissemination
Release calendar (existence, when and how published)
In 2000 the GSO introduced a brochure describing its publication programme, including information about the title, the contents, the frequency and the scheduled release date for each publication. The brochure serves as both a catalogue of publications and as an advance release calendar. It is entitled 'Introduction of Main Statistical Products and Services of Vietnam General Statistical Office', and is available in Vietnamese and English. This publication will be disseminated annually.
Main publications
International mechandise trade of Vietnam 2007

Statistical Handbook of Vietnam

Foreign direct investment in Vietnam 7 years at the beginning of century 21st

Result of the Vietnam household living standards survey 2006

The situation of enterprises through the results of surveys conducted in 2005, 2006, 2007

Results of the 2006 Rural, Agricultural and Fishery census

International mechandise trade of Vietnam 2006

The 2007 population change and family planning survey: Major findings

Results of tourism expenditure survey in 2005

Vietnamese industry in 20 years of renovation and development

The Vietnamese international merchandise trade (1986-2005)

Languages of main publications
Vietnamese, some English.
How are data disseminated (Paper, CD Rom, Website, online databases, databanks)?

Back to top | Statistics Division Home | Contact Us | Search | Site Map
Copyright © United Nations, 2014