Statistics Division Home
Fundamental Principles
Country Practices
Reference Materials and Links
Sign in

Country Profile of Cambodia

Main statistical agency
Main statistical agency name
National Institute of Statistics (NIS)
Web address
Position in the government
The National Institute of Statistics (NIS), which is part of the Ministry of Planning, is the focal point on statistical matters in Cambodia. The NIS compiles and consolidates statistics provided by decentralized offices and also collects primary data through household and establishment surveys and population censuses.
Organizational structure and finance
The NIS is headed by a Director General who is assisted by Deputy Director Generals. It has four Departments:

(i) Social Statistics Department, responsible for collecting and compiling primary data on social affairs, education, health, information and culture;

(ii) Census and Survey Department, responsible for conducting censuses and surveys as well as data processing, statistical and demographic analysis and dissemination of results;

(iii) General Statistics Department, which comprises of the Bureau of National Accounts, the Bureau of Consumer Price Indices, Bureau of Administration and Bureau of Statistical Standards, Classification, Coordination and International Cooperation;

(iv) Economic Statistics Department, responsible for collecting and compiling primary as well as secondary data on agriculture, forestry, industry, commerce, construction, telecommunication, transport, tourism and environment.

The NIS has a total staff strength of 250 distributed amongst the four Departments. There are about 175 statistical staff at the provincial and municipal level and 300 statistical staff at the district level.
Multi-annual or annual work program
The NIS has Statistics Master Plan and Five years work program.
Main duties
Article 4: Statistical activities shall be guided by the following objectives:

a. Supporting the statistical data requirements of Royal Government policy-makers in formulating and evaluating economic and social policies and programs in addressing the socio-economic development and welfare of the nation, as well as the requirements decision-makers and researchers in the wider Cambodian and international community.

b. Facilitating the development of an effective and efficient National Statistical System.

c. Enhancing public awareness of the importance of the role and function of statistics in national development programs.

d. Encouraging the development of methodology and technology in statistical activities.

Article 11 : In the context of this Law, the National Institute of Statistics of the Ministry of Planning is responsible for :

a. Collecting, processing, compiling, analyzing, publishing and disseminating basic data by conducting censuses and surveys, and utilizing administrative data sources.

b. Compiling national accounts and price indexes, as well as economic, environment and socio-demographic indicators.

Brief history and other relevant background information
Brief history and other relevant background information
Established in 1948 and dismantled in 1975. Reestablished in 1979. Received first technical assistance since 1992. NIS has opened policies. NIS Data Users Service Center opened to public.

Legal basis
Legal basis
Statistics Law enacted in May 2005

Sub-Decree on the Organization and Functioning of the National Statistical System 26 January 2007

Other producers of official statistics
Other producers of official statistics
Cambodia has a decentralized statistical structure. There are statistical bureaus and sections within planning and statistics departments of the various Ministries and in the planning and statistical units in the provinces and districts.

Article 18: Ministries and institutions of the Royal Government that are required to produce designated official statistics under this Law shall establish statistical units within their organizations for statistical purposes and submit the statistical data they produce to the National Institute of Statistics.

Statistical advisory bodies
Statistical advisory bodies
Article 15. A " Statistics Advisory council " shall be established to provide advice to the Ministry of Planning in facilitating the development of the National Statistical system. The composition, role and tasks of the statistics Advisory Council shall be determined by Sub-Decree.

Data collection
Most recent population census
03 March 2008
Access to administrative data
Article 10: Statistics produced from administrative data sources as referred to in Article 5 (c) shall be compiled using data recorded on administrative documents, forms and other records sourced from both Royal Government and non-government organizations. For the purposes of compiling statistics from administrative data sources, the National Institute of Statistics of the Ministry of Planning will establish a directory of administrative and statistical data sources, to be updated and maintained on an annual basis.
Data confidentiality
Article 22: Staff and employees working in the National Institute of Statistics of the Ministry of Planning and statistical units in ministries and other institutions of the Royal Government, as well as the designated statistical officers of these organizations shall ensure confidentiality of all individual information obtained from respondents, except under special circumstances with the consent of the Minister of Planning. The information collected under this Law is to be used only for statistical purposes.

Data dissemination
Release calendar (existence, when and how published)
Sub-Decree Article 5: Ensure coordination of the operations of designated statistical units in the collection, process, compilation, analysis, publication, dissemination of official statistics and information in relation to statistical matters, with regard to: implementation of statistical policies including the policies relating to the dissemination of official statistics and the publication of release calendars in advance of the dissemination of official statistics.
Main publications
Article 19: In order to address the statistical requirements of users:

a. The National Institute of Statistics of the Ministry of Planning, as well as statistical units in the ministries and other institutions of the Royal Government shall publish and disseminate the statistical data they produce to all users.

b. The National Institute of Statistics of the Ministry of Planning shall publish a Statistical Yearbook, covering the main aspects of socio-economic conditions in the country.

Article 20: All statistical data released by the National Institute of Statistics of the Ministry of Planning are designated official statistics of the Royal Government.

Some important publications:

o Administrative Health Facility Mapping

o First Revision Population Projections for Cambodia 1998-2020

o Child Domestic Worker Survey Phnom Penh 2003

o CAMInfo Cambodia 2004

o General Population Census of Cambodia 1998

o Cambodia Child Labor Survey 2001 (CCLS2001)

o Cambodia Demographic and Health Survey 2000

o The Consumer Price Index

o National Accounts Annual and Quarterly
Languages of main publications
Khmer, English.
How are data disseminated (Paper, CD Rom, Website, online databases, databanks)?
Paper, CD Rom, Website.
Availability of microdata for research purposes
Special request to DG/Minister of Planning for consideration under special circumstances.

Back to top | Statistics Division Home | Contact Us | Search | Site Map
Copyright © United Nations, 2014