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Country Profile of Myanmar

Main statistical agency
Main statistical agency name
Central Statistical Organization (CSO)
Web address
Position in the government
The Central Statistical Organization (CSO) is under the Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development.
Organizational structure and finance
CSO is composed of 4 divisions, namely Administrative and Accounts, Statistics (1), Statistics (2) and Computer Division.
Main duties
1) It shall be the duty of the Director of the Central Statistical and Economics Department to- (a) develop a comprehensive, efficient and reliable statistical system for social and economic policy, effective planning and administration;
(b) review and advise on all statistical operations of the Union Government whether performed for statistical, administrative, or other purposes;
(c) coordinate and integrate statistics and statistical operations;
(d) establish, prescribe and maintain the highest statistical standards.
(e) organize and conduct social and economic censuses or surveys with reference to Burmars economic needs and requirements, either on a prepared planned basis or on short notice as may be required.
(2) The Director of Central Statistical and Economics Department may, however, vary or adjust the programme and scope of such censuses or surveys, within the limits of funds provided for in the budget, with a view to meeting exigencies which may arise, or conducting with due expedition and efficiency.

Legal basis
Legal basis
The Central Statistical Authority Act, 1952
(Act No. 34 of 1952)

Other producers of official statistics
Other producers of official statistics
Customs Department.
Department of Border Trade.
Central Bank of Myanmar.

Data collection
Access to administrative data
The Director of Central Statistical and Economics Department may have access, directly or through such Government Agency as he may designate to any relevant record or document in the possession of any person, undertaking or institution required to obtain any information or return for the purpose of the collection of any Statistics under this Act; and to ask any question necessary for obtaining any information required to be furnished under this Act for statistical purposes.
Data confidentiality
(1) No individual return, and no part of an individual return made, and no information with respect to any particular person, undertaking or institution given, for the purpose of this Act, shall, without the previous consent in writing of that person or institution or owner for the time being of the undertaking, in relation to which the return or information was made or given, or his authorized agent, be published in such a manner as enable any particulars to be identified as referring to a particular person, institution or undertaking.
(2) Except for the purposes of a prosecution under this Act or under the Penal Code, no person not engaged in connection with the collection, compilation or analysis of statistics under this Act shall be permitted to see any individual return or information collected under this Act.

Data dissemination
Main publications
(a)Statistical Yearbook (Annual)

The book is a national data book providing ten-year time series data on: climate, population, labour and employment, vital and health, agriculture, livestock and fishery, forestry, industry, mines and power, construction, coastal trade, foreign trade, prices and internal trade, companies and foreign invest­ment, transport and communication, national accounts, monetary, public finance, education, crime, mass media, tourism, other social and household expenditures.

(b)Statistical Abstract (biennial)

The abstract provides comparative data of national importance pertaining to: physical ge­ography and climate, population, labour and employment, agriculture and forests, industry, mines and power, prices, internal trade, companies, foreign investment, transport, communication, tourism, national account,public finance, monetary, construction, social statistics, foreign trade, household expenditure survey and international comparison.

(c)Selected Monthly Economic Indicator (monthly)

This publication provides monthly data on: import and export of principal commodities, production of public enterprises, electricity generation, mineral extraction, fish and meat supply, retail prices, consumer price index, money supply, savings, bond issue, foreign exchange rates, money rates, tax revenues, foreign investment by sector and by country, transportation, tourist arrivals and tourist receipts; and labour and employment.

(d)Foreign Trade Statistics of Myanmar (Annual)

This publication provides detailed statistics on import and export, normal and border, on an annual basis. It is intended to meet the incessant trade data demands of the government agencies, joint ventures, private business, regional associations and international organizations, involved in development of Myanmar economy.
Imports are shown by commodity and country of origin and consignment while exports are stated by commodity and country of destination. Commodities are classified according to the "Myanmar Tariff and statistical Nomenclature and classification 1992" which is based on the internationally accepted Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System(HS).

(e)Agriculture Statistics (biennial)

The book is published in collaboration with the Department of Agricultural Planning, re­sponding to the urgency of the need for time-series data on agriculture to the support the realization of basic economic objectives of the country.

(f)Vital Statistics Report (Annual)

The report provides vital statistics relating to live births, still births, late foetal deaths, infant mortality, maternal mortality, causes of death as well as life expectancy at birth by town for urban areas and by township for rural areas.

(g)Statistical Profile of Children and Women(biennial)

The profile provides statistical information on the general socio-economic conditions of the average Myanmar people with special reference to education, health, nutrition and welfare status of chil­dren and women as well as their participation in the labour force. The profile is released every two years.

(h)Household Income and Expenditure Survey

The survey is conducted on a regular basis every three years to ascertain the change in expenditures of households on food and non-food items, in both urban and rural areas. It also pro­vides the information on the changing size of urban and rural households.

(i)National Mortality Survey

The survey is to be conducted every five years to measure infant, child and maternal mortality. It provides data by urban-rural residence and by gender.

(j) Report on ad hoc surveys on: private industries, private transport, housing construction, agri­cultural cost, children and women, vital registration completeness survey, wholesale and retail price survey, etc.
Languages of main publications
How are data disseminated (Paper, CD Rom, Website, online databases, databanks)?
CD Rom

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