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Country Profile of Brazil

Main statistical agency
Main statistical agency name
Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE)
Web address
Position in the government
IBGE's head reports to Ministry of Planning, Budget and Management.
Organizational structure and finance
IBGE is an institution of the federal government and it is linked to the Ministry of Planning, Budget and Management. The organizational structure comprises the Presidency, the Board of Directors, the Board of Trustees, the Technical Council, four Directorates and two central organs.
In order to cover all the national territory, IBGE has a national research and dissemination network that comprises:
27 State Units ( 26 in the state capitals and 1 in the Federal District)
27 Sectors for Documentation and Information Dissemination
533 Agencies for collecting data in the main municipalities
It also maintains the Roncador Ecological Reservation, which is located 35 km far from Brasília.
The Directorates
Executive Directorate
It is responsible for the institution’s general planning and coordination, including the management of human resources, material resources, patrimony, budget, finance and accounting.
It comprises the following departments:
Department of Budget and Finance
Department of Planning and Supervision
Department of Human Resources
Department of Material Resources
Directorate of Survey
It is responsible for producing and systematizing statistical studies, surveys and works related to the demographic, economic, social, environmental and administrative situation of the country.
The Directorate of Survey carries out the actions that are up to IBGE in the coordination of the National Statistical System, as well as it is responsible for establishing partnerships for statistical cooperation.
It comprises the following departments:
Department of Agriculture
Department of National Accounts
Department of Price Indexes
Department of Industry
Department of Methods and Quality
Department of Population and Social Indicators
Department of Services and Commerce
Department of Labour and Income
Directorate of Geosciences
It is responsible for producing and systematizing cartographic, geodetic, geographic, environmental and natural resources information essential to the knowledge, analysis and evaluation of the national territory.
The Directorate of Geosciences carries out the actions that are up to IBGE in the Fundamental Geodetic Plan and in the Basic Cartographic Plan, as well as it is responsible for establishing partnerships for geoscientific cooperation.
Is comprises the following departments:
Department of Cartography
Department of Territorial Structures
Department of Geodesy
Department of Geography
Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Studies
Directorate of Data Processing
It is responsible for planning, coordinating and performing the activities of data processing and management of IBGE´s database, preserving information integrity and supplying technical support to access the information.
Is comprises the following departments:
Department of Information Services and System Development
Department of Methodology and Database
Department of Data Processing Services
Center for Documentation and Information Dissemination
It is responsible for planning, coordinating and carrying out the activities related to the information organization and provision to the users. It develops information products and services and promotes their dissemination and sales.
It also disseminates the IBGE´s image and preserves the institutional memory.
It comprises the following departments:
Department of Information Services
Department of Marketing
Department of Production
Department of Special Projects
National School of Statistical Sciences
It is responsible for planning and carrying out teaching and research activities in the statistical and geographic fields, offering graduate and Master’s degree courses. It is also responsible for providing IBGE´s staff training and improvement.
It comprises the following departments:
Department for Graduation
Department of Training and Improvement
Multi-annual or annual work program
The NSO has a four-year-long strategic plan in which we establish institutional objectives, which are semestral, and reflect basically the dissemination of research results. The main objectives of the strategic plan are part of the Federal Government's Multi-Annual Plan.
Main duties
The Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística/ Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics/IBGE is the main provider of data and information in the country, serving the needs of the most diverse segments of civil society, as well as the federal, state and municipal organs of the government.

IBGE offers a thorough and current view of the country, through its main functions:

Production and analysis of statistical information
Coordination and consolidation of statistical information
Production and analysis of geographical information
Coordination and consolidation of geographical information
Structuring and Implementation of an environmental information system
Documentation and Dissemination of Information
Coordination of the national statistical and cartographical systems

Brief history and other relevant background information
Brief history and other relevant background information
During the Empire, the only institution which developed exclusively statistical activities was the General Department of Statistics, created in 1871. With the declaration of the Republic, the government felt it necessary to expand the scope of action of this department, mainly after the implementation of the civil register of births, marriages and deaths.

As time went by, the organization in charge of statistics in Brazil underwent several changes in its name and activities until 1934, when the General Department of Statistics was extinct and its activities were shared among suitable ministries.

The necessity of having an organization to conduct and control statistical surveys, so as to unify the works of specialized services existing in the country, favored the creation, in 1934, of the national Institute of Statistics – INE, which started its activities on May 29, 1936. In the following year, the Brazilian Council of Geography was created and annexed to INE, which then became the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics.

IBGE has kept this mission for 71 years: it identifies and analyzes the territory, counts the population, shows how the economy has evolved through the work of people and reveals how they live.

Legal basis
Legal basis
Law number 5.534, of 14 November 1968, establishes the obligation to respond to statistical enquiries from the IBGE and the privacy aspect of the information given.
Law n.5.878, of 11 May, 1973, institutionalizes the General Plan of Statistical and Geographical Information (PGIEG) and the obligation to give information necessary to the Plan. It defines the attributions of the Central Organ of the National Statistical System and institutes the IBGE under the National Statistical System.

Decree n.77.624, of 17 May, 1976, covers the use, by the IBGE, of informative data, from governmental sources, in the production of information. It sets the IBGE as responsible for issuing regulations that may arise to the standardization of concepts, the use of common classification and maintenance of uniform data collection methodology.
Decree n.43740, of 13 June, 2003, established the new IBGE Statute.

Other producers of official statistics
Other producers of official statistics
Ministry of Health, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Tourism, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Social Security, Ministry od Development, Industry and Trade, Ministry of Mines and Energy, Ministry of Labor anda Employment, National Agency of Petroleum, National Agency of Telecommunications, Central Bank of Brazil

Statistical advisory bodies
Statistical advisory bodies
There is no official User Council working. Nevertheless, the NSO's statute foresees a Technical Council which has as one of its objectives to comment on the work programme of the NSO. This Council is composed by representatives of the governmental bodies and by other renowned statistics users.

Data collection
Most recent population census
August 2000
Access to administrative data
The NSO has access, for instance, to the Labour and Employment Ministry records; to registries from the National Telecommunications Agency; to the Central Bank; to financial institutions information bureaus; to data from the Businesses Revenue Declaration; Notary Public records; etc. There are still government agencies which collect data systematically but without much interaction with the NSO yet, but recently great efforts have been made to improve it.
Data confidentiality
Law number 5534, of 14 november 1968, establishes the obligation to respond to statistical enquiries and provides assurances of confidentiality of individual responses so that the data can besti used only for statistical purposes.

Data dissemination
Release calendar (existence, when and how published)
The structural and conjunctural release calendars are posted on the internet in the end of the year previous to the release of the results.
Main publications
Some of our publications are listed below. In order to see others, please acess
Statistical Yearbook of Brazil, National Household Sample Survey, Brazil in Figures(Bilingual publication), Vital Statistics, Municipal Agriculture Production, Municipal Livestock Production, Annual Survey on Mining and Manufacturing Industries, Technological Innovation Survey, Annual Commerce Survey, Demographic Census, 1996 Population Count, Census of Agriculture, Industrial Census, Census of Trade, Monthly Employment Survey, National Account System, Regional Accounts of Brazil, Profile of Brazilian Municipalite-Sport, Systematic Survey of Agricultural Production-LSPA, National System of Costs Survey and Indexes of Construction, etc.
Languages of main publications
How are data disseminated (Paper, CD Rom, Website, online databases, databanks)?
This assortment of information consists of electronic and printed publications and of databases.

Through the Internet, IBGE has established its main channel for communication with its users, making surveys results available as dynamic pages and downloadable files and databases (IBGE System of Automatic Recovery). IBGE also offers specialized consulting by e-mail ( or ) and call-center (0800-218181) for fast user-assistance services.

IBGE products are available in the main bookstores in the country and also on the Internet.

One of the main sources of information about the production of the Institute is the IBGE Catalog, which provides access to a valuable group of social, economical and territorial information.
Availability of microdata for research purposes
IBGE provides the society with the unidentifiable microdata of its social and demographic researches. The user can obtain the microdata on the onternet from the online bookstore:
To the researchers who are not able to use a tabulating software, IBGE provides the software Statisical Multidimensional Bank on the internet (, which allows the user to do his ower tabulations in a simple and intuitive way.
To the researchers who need non-unindentifyable information, IBGE, after approving the research project, allows the user to access the information in a restricted data access room at the Institute. The information generated in this room is verified by IBGE with respect to the obedience to the criteria of unindentification of informers.

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