Census Act 1920
Includes amendments to 01/12/1992
ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS
1. Power to direct taking of census.
2. Duty of Registrar-General to carry out census, and provision for expenses.
3. Regulations with respect to proceedings for taking census.
4. Preparation of reports and abstracts.
5. Preparation of statistics in respect of periods between one census and another.
6. Provision with respect to local census.
7. Expenses of local authorities.
9. Application to Scotland.
10. Short title and extent.
SCHEDULE Matters in respect of which Particulars may be required
An Act to make provision for the taking from time to time of a Census for Great Britain or any area therein and for otherwise obtaining Statistical Information with respect to the Population of Great Britain.
[16th August 1920] FN1
FN1 Act wholly in force at Royal Assent
Power to direct taking of census.
1. - (1) Subject to the provisions of this Act, it shall be lawful for His Majesty by Order in Council from time to time to direct that a census shall be taken for Great Britain, or for any part of Great Britain, and any Order under this section may prescribe-
(a) the date on which the census is to be taken; and
(b) the persons by whom and with respect to whom the returns for the purpose of the census are to be made; and
(c) the particulars to be stated in the returns:
(i) an Order shall not be made under this section so as to require a census to be taken in any part of Great Britain in any year unless at the commencement of that year at least five years have elapsed since the commencement of the year in which a census was last taken in that part of Great Britain; and
(ii) no particulars shall be required to be stated other than particulars with respect to such matters as are mentioned in the Schedule to this Act.
(2) Before any Order in Council is made under this section, a draft thereof shall be laid before each House of Parliament for a period of not less than twenty days on which that House has sat, and, if either House before the expiration of that period presents an address to His Majesty against the draft or any part thereof, no further proceedings shall be taken thereon, but without prejudice to the making of a new draft Order: Provided that, if by part of any such Order it is proposed to prescribe any particulars with respect to any of the matters mentioned in paragraph six of the Schedule to this Act, that part of the Order
shall not have effect unless both Houses by resolution approve that part of the draft, or, if any modifications in that part are agreed to by both Houses, except as so modified.
(3) Any Order in Council made under this section may be revoked, amended or varied by a subsequent Order.
Duty of Registrar-General to carry out census, and provision for expenses.
2. - (1) It shall be the duty of the Registrar-General to make such arrangements and do all such things as are necessary for the taking of a census in accordance with the provisions of this Act and of any Order in Council or regulations made thereunder, and for that purpose to make arrangements for the preparation and issue of the necessary forms and instructions and for the collection of the forms when filled up.
(2) The Registrar-General in the exercise of his powers and in the performance of his duties under this Act or under any Order in Council or regulations made thereunder, shall be subject to the control of, and comply with any directions given by, [ FN1 the
Secretary of State ].
(3) Any expenses incurred with the sanction of the Treasury by [ FN1 the Secretary of State ] or the Registrar-General in connection with the taking of a census or otherwise in connection with the exercise of his powers or the performance of his duties under this Act shall be defrayed out of moneys provided by Parliament.
FN1 Words substituted by virtue of S.I. 1968/1699, arts. 2, 5(4)(a)
Regulations with respect to proceedings for taking census. FN1 FN2
FN3 3. - FN4 (1) For the purpose of enabling any Order in Council directing a census to be taken to be carried into effect, [FN5 the Secretary of State ] may make regulations-
(a) providing for the division of the country into districts for the purpose of the census and the appointment of persons to act in those districts in connection with the census;
(b) requiring FN6 . . .
such FN6 . . .
persons as may be employed for the purpose of the census, to perform such duties in connection with the taking of the census as may be prescribed;
(c) requiring persons employed for the purpose of the census to make a statutory declaration with respect to the performance of their duties, and authorising any superintendent registrar or registrar to take such a declaration;
(d) requiring the chief officers of public or charitable institutions, or of any other institutions prescribed by the regulations, to make returns with respect to the inmates thereof;
(e) requiring information to be given to the persons liable to make returns by the persons with respect to whom the returns are to be made;
(f) with respect to the forms to be used in the taking of a census;
(g) making provision with respect to any other matters with respect to which it is necessary to make provision for the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of the Order in Council.
(2) Every regulation made under this section shall be laid before both Houses of Parliament as soon as may be after it is made, and, if an address is presented to His Majesty by either House within the next subsequent twenty days on which that House has
sat next after any such regulation is laid before it praying that the regulation may be annulled, His Majesty in Council may annul the regulation, and it shall thenceforth be void, but without prejudice to the validity of anything done thereunder.
FN1 Reference to relieving officers of poor law unions to be construed as reference to proper officers of councils of counties, London boroughs or City of London: Local Government Act 1929 (c. 17), Sch. 10 para. 1, London Government Act 1963 (c. 33), s. 4(2)(b) and Local Government Act 1972 (c. 70), s. 179(2), Sch. 29 para. 4
FN5 Words substituted by virtue of S.I. 1968/1699, arts. 2, 5(4)(a)
FN6 Words in s. 3(1)(b) repealed (5.11.1993) by 1993 c. 50, s. 1(1), Sch. 1 Pt. XVI
FN4 S. 3: s. 3(1): power exercised by S.I. 1991/796
FN3 S. 3: For previous exercise of power see Index to Government Orders
Preparation of reports and abstracts.
4. - (1) The Registrar-General shall, as soon as may be after the taking of a census, prepare reports on the census returns, and every such report shall be printed and laid before both Houses of Parliament.
(2) The Registrar-General may, if he so thinks fit, at the request and cost of any local authority or person, cause abstracts to be prepared containing any such statistical information, being information which is not contained in the reports made by him under
this section and which in his opinion it is reasonable for that authority or person to require, as can be derived from the census returns.
Preparation of statistics in respect of periods between one census and another.
5. It shall be the duty of the Registrar-General from time to time to collect and publish any available statistical information with respect to the number and condition of the population in the interval between one census and another, and otherwise to further the supply and provide for the better co-ordination of such information, and the Registrar-General may make arrangements with any Government Department or local authority for the purpose of acquiring any materials or information necessary for the purpose aforesaid.
Provision with respect to local census.
6. - (1) If an application is made to [ FN1 the Secretary of State ] by a local authority to which this section applies asking that a census may be taken for the whole or any part of the area of the authority, or for an area consisting of the whole or any part of that area and of the whole or any part of an adjoining area, [ FN1 the Secretary of State ] may, if he thinks fit, submit the application to His Majesty, and His Majesty may by Order in Council, if it appears to His Majesty expedient so to do for the purpose of facilitating the due performance by the local authority of its statutory duties, direct that a census shall be taken for the area specified in the application, or for any part of that area.
(2) The provisions of this Act with respect to the taking of a census for Great Britain (other than the provision with respect to the interval between one census and another) shall, subject to such exceptions, modifications and adaptations as may be specified in the Order, apply to the taking of a census under this section.
(3) The local authorities to which this section applies are the common council of the City of London, [ FN2 London borough councils ], the councils of counties, the councils of boroughs, and [ FN3 the councils of districts: ]
Provided that, without prejudice to the power of any other authority being a local authority to which this section applies to make an application under this section, an application may be made by the council of a county and an order may be made under this section with respect to the whole of the area of the council, including the areas of any authorities which are local authorities for the purposes of this section.
FN1 Words substituted by virtue of S.I. 1968/1699, arts. 2, 5(4)(a)
FN2 Words substituted by virtue of London Government Act 1963 (c. 33), s. 4(2)(a)
FN3 Words substituted by virtue of Local Government Act 1972 (c. 70), s. 179(3)
Expenses of local authorities.
7. Any expenses incurred in connection with the taking of a census under this Act in pursuance of an application made by a local authority, including the publication of any reports or returns relating to the census, shall be paid by the local authority by which the application for the census was made, and any expenses so incurred, and any other expenses incurred by a local authority under this Act, shall be defrayed in the case of the common council of the City of London and a [ FN1 London borough ] out of the general rate, [ FN2 in the case of a county council as [ FN3 general expenses of the county council ], FN4 . . . . ]
FN1 Words substituted by virtue of London Government Act 1963 (c. 33), s. 4(2)(a)
FN2 Words repealed (S.) by Local Government (Scotland) Act 1947 (c. 43), s. 381, Sch. 14
FN3 Words substituted by virtue of Local Government Act 1972 (c. 70), Sch. 29 Pt. I para. 3(a)
FN4 Words in s. 7 repealed (5.11.1993) by 1993 c. 50, s. 1(1), Sch. 1 Pt. XVI
8. - (1) If any person-
(a) refuses or neglects to comply with or acts in contravention of any of the provisions of this Act or any Order in Council or regulations made under this Act; or
(b) being a person required under this Act to make a statutory declaration with respect to the performance of his duties, makes a false declaration; or
(c) being a person required by any Order in Council or regulations made under this Act to make, sign, or deliver any document, makes, signs, or delivers, or causes to be made, signed, or delivered a false document; or
(d) being a person required in pursuance of any such Order in Council or regulations to answer any question, refuses to answer or gives a false answer to that question;
he shall for each offence be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding [ FN1 level 3 on the standard scale ].
FN2 (2) If the Registrar-General for England and Wales or the Registrar-General for Scotland ("the Registrars") or any person who is-
(a) under the control of either of the Registrars; or
(b) a supplier of any services to either of them,
discloses any personal census information to another person, without lawful authority, he shall be guilty of an offence.
(3) If any person discloses to another person any personal census information which he knows has been disclosed in contravention of this Act, he shall be guilty of an offence.
(4) It shall be a defence for a person charged with an offence under subsection (2) or (3) to prove-
(a) that at the time of the alleged offence he believed-
(i) that he was acting with lawful authority; or
(ii) that the information in question was not personal census information; and
(b) that he had no reasonable cause to believe otherwise.
(5) A person guilty of an offence under subsection (2) or (3) shall be liable-
(a) on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or to a
fine not exceeding the statutory maximum or to both;
(b) on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or
to a fine or to both.
(6) For the purposes of this section-
(a) references to a Registrar include, where he is also the holder of a designated office,
references to him in his capacity as the holder of that office;
(b) a person is to be treated as under the control of one of the Registrars if he is, or has
(i) employed by that Registrar (whether or not on a full-time basis); or
(ii) otherwise employed, or acting, (whether or not on a full-time basis) as part of that Registrar's staff for purposes of this Act;
(c) a person is to be treated as a supplier of services to a Registrar if he-
(i) supplies, or has supplied, any services to that Registrar in connection with the discharge by that Registrar of any of his functions; or
(ii) is, or has been, employed by such a supplier.
(7) In this section-
"census information" means any information which is-
(i) acquired by any person mentioned in subsection (2) above in the course of any work done by him in connection with the discharge of functions under section 2 or 4 of this Act;
(ii) acquired by any such person in the course of working, for purposes of section 5 of this Act, with any information acquired as mentioned in sub-paragraph (i) above; or
(iii) derived from any information so acquired;
"designated office", in relation to a Registrar, means any office for the time being designated by him in writing for the purposes of this section; and
"personal census information" means any census information which relates to an identifiable person or household.
FN1 Words substituted by virtue of (E.W.) Criminal Justice Act 1982 (c.48, SIF 39:1), ss. 38, 46 and (S.) Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1975
(c.21, SIF 39:1), ss. 289F, 289G
FN2 S. 8(2)-(7) substituted for s. 8(2) by Census (Confidentiality) Act 1991 (c. 6, SIF 105), s. 1
Application to Scotland. FN1 FN2
9. In the application of this Act to Scotland-
(1) FN3 . . .
The Registrar-General for Scotland shall be substituted for the Registrar-General;[ FN4
(2) "local authority" means a regional, island, or district council; ]
FN5 (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FN1 References to Minister of Health replaced by references to Secretary of State by virtue of S.I. 1968/1699, arts. 2, 5(4)(a)
FN4 S. 9(2) substituted by Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 (c. 65), s. 168
FN3 Words in s. 9(1) repealed (5.11.1993) by 1993 c. 50, s. 1(1), Sch. 1 Pt. XVI
FN5 In s. 9(3) repealed (5.11.1993) by 1993 c. 50, s. 1(1), Sch. 1 Pt. XVI
Short title and extent.
10. - (1) This Act may be cited as the Census Act 1920.
(2) This Act shall not extend to Ireland.
Matters in respect of which Particulars may be required
1. Names, sex, age.
2. Occupation, profession, trade or employment.
3. Nationality, birthplace, race, language.
4. Place of abode and character of dwelling.
5. Condition as to marriage, relation to head of family, issue born in marriage.
6. Any other matters with respect to which it is desirable to obtain statistical information with a view to ascertaining the social
or civil condition of the population.