International Labour Organization (ILO),
Laborsta Labour Statistics Database http://laborsta.ilo.org
accessed on 30 November 2004; United Nations Demographic
Yearbook System database (as of November 2004) and
ILO, Key Indicators of the Labour Market, Third Edition,
(Geneva, 2003 ) table 3.
on population census.
labour force employed.
full-time members of the armed forces.
to status in employment on the main job.
coverage limited to government-controlled areas.
compulsory military service.
regular military living in barracks and conscripts.
persons on child-care leave.
on own-account workers refers to both employers and
The distribution of workers by status in
employment is shown for employees, employers, own-account
workers and contributing family workers only. These groups
may not sum to 100 per cent, because members of producers'
cooperatives and workers not classifiable by status are
The four groups are as defined in the International
Classification by Status in Employment (ICSE-1993):
Employees are all those workers who hold
the type of job defined as "paid employment jobs".
Employers are those
workers who, working on their own-account or with
one or few partners, hold the type of job defined
as a "self-employment job" and, in this
capacity, on a continuous basis (including the reference
period) have engaged one or more persons to work for
them in their business as "employee(s)".
are those workers who, working on their own account
or with one or more partners, hold the type of job
defined as a "self-employment job" and have
not engaged on a continuous basis any "employees"
to work for them during the reference period.
workers are those workers who hold a "self-employment"
job in a market-oriented establishment operated by
a related person living in the same household, who
cannot be regarded as a partner, because their degree
of commitment to the operation of the establishment,
in terms of working time or other factors to be determined
by national circumstances, is not at a level comparable
to that of the head of the establishment. (Where it
is customary for young persons, in particular, to
work without pay in an economic enterprise operated
by a related person who does not live in the same
household, the requirement of "living in the same
household" may be eliminated.)