Krug, E et al (eds.), World Report on
Violence and Health, (WHO, Geneva, 2002).
Data in the last column are lifetime rates,
and include any relationship or marriage in adult life.
assult by others.
of partner abuse among ever-married/partnered women recalculated
from author's data.
past 3 months.
current relationship only.
sample includes all women, ratio of abuse is shown for ever-married/partnered
women(number not given).
group included women who had never been in a relationship
and therefore were not in exposed group.
includes throwing objects.
or sexual contact.
physical violence (hit, kick or beat). Percentage would
probably be higher if moderate violence were included.
were recruited from women visiting medical practitioners'
offices or hospital/health care centers.
could be a family member or close friend.
6.C shows the percentage of adult women who have been physically
assaulted by intimate partner (a) in the past 12 months
and (b) ever in any relationship.
Statistics on prevalence of violence against women
by intimate partners are obtained from the World Health
Organization Database on Violence against Women, a compilation
of statistics from research reports and documents on violence
against women, developed and maintained by the World Health
Organization, Violence and Injury Prevention Unit, Cluster
for Social Change and Mental Health.
statistics shown refer to violence wherein the aggressor
is a current or former intimate partner, i.e. husband, boyfriend
or cohabiting partner. The prevalence statistics presented
refer only to physical violence. Psychological abuse, verbal
abuse, sexual abuse and rape in the relationship are not
included in the statistics. In reality, evidence shows that
the different forms of violence coexist in domestic violence.
violence, as used here, refers to violence at least at the
level of physical contact. However, it is important to note
that each study used different definitions. For example,
some studies defined physical violence as "more than
slaps", which would exclude pushes and slaps. Other
studies defined physical violence as "at least at the
level of hitting", which then includes slaps but excludes
pushing or shoving, which could mean, for example, being
pushed down the stairs. Comparisons between studies must
therefore be made with caution.
much as possible, only studies based on representative samples
of women are included. A few studies have national coverage,
but most are limited to selected areas or cities in the
country as indicated in the column "Coverage".
Further limitation of study coverage, if any (e.g. low-income
women) is likewise indicated. Presence of violence is self-reported
by women, gathered through face-to-face or telephone interview or self-administered
questionnaire. Some interviews were not conducted in private,
which would inhibit women's ability to disclose violence
by their partners. In this situation, reported rates will
underestimate the levels of violence.
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