11.10. Principle requirements. The core elements for the integration of trade and business statistics are (a) the availability of a functioning and up-to-date statistical business register (SBR), which assigns a unique identification number for all registered business entities (e.g., enterprises, establishments or local units) and which either contains or can be linked with relevant information on current activities of those entities, (b) the mandatory entry on the customs declaration of a unique identification number of the company on whose behalf the declaration is lodged and (c) the establishment of an electronic and automatic link between the identification number used for declaration purposes and the SBR identification number, if they are different.
The exporter is the institutional unit that sends goods to other countries; most often goods are sent for sale and therefore the exporter can also be referred to as the seller. The term “consignor” refers to the natural or legal person identified on the customs declaration that is sending the goods to another country. The terms “exporter”, “seller” and “consignor” can, in general, be used synonymously.
Importer/ buyer/ consignee
The importer is the institutional unit that brings goods from abroad and frequently the importer is the buyer of the good. The term “consignee” refers to the natural or legal person identified on the customs declaration to which the goods are sent and who will physically receive the goods; the consignee, however, is not necessarily the importer or buyer;
Broker/ trader/ agent
These are institutional units that facilitate the sending of the goods to another country
The term “declarant” refers to the natural or legal person that completes the customs declaration. The exporter or seller can complete the customs declaration himself but frequently specialized brokers/ traders/agents are in charge of completing the customs formalities, including the filling in of the custom declaration.
For the purposes of the statistical production process, the principle statistical units are the enterprise, the establishment (local kind of activity) and the enterprise group.
An enterprise is the view of an institutional unit as a producer of goods and services. The term “enterprise” may refer to a corporation, a quasi-corporation (unincorporated enterprises belonging to households or government units), an non-profit institution (NPI) or an unincorporated enterprise (2008 SNA,a para. 5.1).
An establishment is an enterprise, or part of an enterprise, that is situated in a single location and in which only a single productive activity is carried out or in which the principal productive activity accounts for most of the value added (2008 SNA, para. 5.2).
Many enterprises operating within an economy are linked with other enterprises by complete or partial common ownership and a shared management structure to form an enterprise group (2008 SNA, para. A4.12).
a System of National Accounts 2008 (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.08.XVII.29)