16.36. Requirements for partner information in intra-union trade. The partner attribution in the case of intra-union trade depends on requirements of the custom union’s member States regarding the nature of their trade statistics. Those statistics may continue to be based on the same criteria as apply to trade with third countries, that is, on country of origin for imports and country of last known destination for exports. This attribution is easier to follow if customs controls of movements of goods between member States are not entirely removed, and customs records require identification of the country of origin and the country of destination. If such customs records do not exist, compilers need to use non-customs sources to compile their trade statistics, which will include identification of country of origin and country of last known destination. If member States are regarded as one economic territory, and information regarding origin and last known destination is not required for national use, the statistics of intra-union trade might apply another definition of partner for intra-union trade that is more suitable or adequate for customs union purposes (e.g., country of arrival or country of dispatch). However, amemberState might decide to use different criteria for partner attribution in its national trade statistics than are applied to the data reported to the customs union secretariat, in which case the data available from the customs union secretariat and those from the national statistical office will be different.
16.37. Partner attribution according to the community concept: Example from the European Union. For the reporting of intra-union trade data of member States to Eurostat according to the community concept, the partnermemberState is thememberState of consignment for arrivals and thememberState of destination for dispatches (see also para. 10.9). ThememberState of consignment is defined asmemberState from which goods were dispatched to the reportingmemberState, without any halts or legal operations taking place in any intermediatememberState that are not inherent in their transport. A halt is any temporary interruption of the physical movement of the goods before movement is continued to the final destination. A legal operation can be any commercial transaction or comparable operation covered by legislation (e.g., sale or processing under contract). Halts or legal operations related to transport of the goods include, for instance, a change of means of transport, preserving operations to keep the goods in good condition during transport, breaking up and assembly of packages and temporary storage. In practice, however, consignment is frequently approximated by shipment. “MemberState of destination” refers to the lastmemberState to which it is known, at the time of dispatch, that the goods are to be dispatched.