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17.23.    Experience of the United States of America in the dissemination of international merchandise trade statistics by mode of transport. The United States makes its international merchandise trade statistics by MoT available in the following publications:

(a)    U.S. imports of merchandise provides import statistics in various data fields for Harmonized System (HS) commodities at the 2-, 4-, 6- and 10-digit level.  Country and customs district data for value, quantity, method of transportation, shipping weights, import charges, duties etc., are provided on a monthly, year-to-date and annual basis;

(b)   U.S. Merchandise Trade: Selected Highlights (FT920) provides data on value, charges, insurance and freight (CIF), and shipping weight for general imports and imports for consumption, by district of entry, district of unlading, world area, country of origin, and method of transportation.  Final data are released monthly;

(c)    USA Trade Online provides port statistics by six-digit HS and country for value, shipping weight, and method of transportation.  State export statistics that include six-digit HS or four-digit North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS) and country are provided for value, shipping weight and method of transportation;

(d)   U.S. exports by port and U.S imports by port provides export and import statistics by port of export and port of unlading, respectively, for commodities at the six-digit HS level for value, shipping weight, and method of transportation on a monthly, quarterly or annual basis;

(e)    Trans-border statistics files:United States imports and exports from and toMexico andCanada andUnited States imports and export transshipments throughMexico andCanada in disaggregated MoT are provided to the United States Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS).  These data, which include separate details on land (e.g., truck, rail) and other modes (e.g., mail, flyaway aircraft), are published by the Bureau. 

17.24.    Cooperation between Canada, Mexico and the United States. Box XVII.1 provides information on the North American Transportation Statistics Online Database (NATS-OD).

Box XVII.1

North American Transportation Statistics Online Database (NATS-OD)

The NATS-OD database a presents information on transportation and transportation-related activities amongCanada, theUnited States andMexico, both within individual countries and between countries.  This database, presented in French, English and Spanish, is accessible in table and time-series formats, and covers 12 thematic areas, including transportation and the economy, transportation safety, transportation’s impact on energy and the environment, passenger and freight activity, and transportation and trade.

The data contained in the NATS-OD database are products of the North American Transportation Statistics Working Group within the North American Transportation Statistics Interchange, a trilateral initiative among the transportation and statistical agencies ofCanada, theUnited StatesandMexico.  Under way since 1991, the Interchange provides a forum for the exchange of information and for the discussion of topics and issues related to transportation statistics among the participating countries.

The primary participating agencies include Statistics Canada and Transport Canada (Canada); the Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes (SCT) (Ministry of Communications and Transportation), the Instituto Mexicano del Transporte (IMT) (Institute of Transportation of Mexico) and the Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (INEGI) (National Institute of Statistics and Geography) ( Mexico); and the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) (United States Department of Transportation) and the U.S. Census Bureau (United States). Other agencies within the three countries have participated and provided data and expertise.

Major objectives of the North American Transportation Statistics Working Group are to: (a) identify key information which will help provide a comprehensive view of transportation in North America, (b) characterize transportation activity and impacts across and between Canada, Mexico and the United States, (c) reveal specific data comparability differences among countries, (d) identify data and information gaps and (e) initiate discussions on reducing comparability differences and data gaps through cooperative activities.

The focus is on data, methodology and analysis that enable the provision of information needed to support a safe, environmentally sustainable and integrated transportation system forNorth America; for this reason, the three countries have developed comparable key indicators of transportation activity such as merchandise trade by MoT. 

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