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Last updated: 06 Jul 2015
Country1990199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014
Afghanistan 0.51 0.370.270.36     0.00 0.340.200.320.350.370.420.470.490.550.550.55 
Albania0.910.911.001.041.000.970.960.95 0.940.950.96  0.960.950.950.960.95      
Algeria0.770.800.820.840.860.880.900.95 1.011.051.061.061.081.091.091.091.081.041.011.041.04   
American Samoa1.031.060.99                      
Andorra                         
Angola        0.780.760.820.780.83     0.770.760.680.65   
Anguilla                         
Antigua and Barbuda  0.98       0.89      0.960.940.991.010.991.15  
Argentina      1.111.101.061.051.051.031.031.071.101.111.121.131.141.121.111.111.09  
Armenia          1.09      1.141.151.15     
Aruba         1.061.031.051.051.051.001.000.991.031.071.051.051.061.02  
Australia   1.011.001.001.001.031.041.001.000.980.970.970.960.960.980.980.980.960.950.950.950.93 
Austria0.910.920.930.930.940.940.950.950.940.950.960.960.950.950.950.960.960.960.960.960.960.960.960.96 
Azerbaijan 1.000.980.960.941.031.051.09        0.960.970.991.030.990.980.99  
Bahamas  1.021.02 1.00 1.25 0.99  1.04 0.991.001.001.031.021.021.05    
Bahrain1.021.041.071.071.061.041.051.081.081.081.071.101.171.161.121.081.02 0.990.980.980.96   
Bangladesh0.51       0.940.991.031.091.101.101.031.071.061.061.131.081.131.151.14  
Barbados0.90        1.121.111.081.081.091.091.071.111.101.111.101.091.12   
Belarus1.04       1.05         0.970.970.970.970.960.98 
Belgium1.011.011.011.061.061.071.07  1.071.101.111.121.100.970.970.970.960.970.970.970.970.971.13 
Belize 1.05  1.011.03   1.071.061.06 1.051.071.041.051.061.081.081.091.081.051.06 
Benin         0.450.450.460.460.460.460.55     0.61 0.66 
Bermuda           1.071.091.131.161.131.09   1.181.181.161.17 
Bhutan        0.760.770.790.83   0.890.920.940.951.001.021.041.061.07 
Bolivia        0.930.930.960.960.960.97  0.960.970.980.991.001.001.001.00 
Bosnia and Herzegovina                         
Botswana1.111.181.161.141.101.10  1.091.071.051.051.061.051.051.051.061.051.06      
Brazil                         
British Virgin Islands                         
Brunei Darussalam 1.091.111.101.08   1.061.061.041.041.031.041.031.021.021.021.011.011.011.001.011.02 
Bulgaria1.001.001.001.001.001.000.991.000.990.980.980.980.980.980.960.960.960.960.970.960.960.950.960.95 
Burkina Faso    0.56    0.620.660.66 0.680.700.710.720.730.740.740.760.780.810.85 
Burundi0.610.580.600.62         0.760.740.720.720.70 0.690.690.710.730.78 
Cambodia        0.540.530.550.570.600.640.70 0.790.820.85      
Cameroon0.680.710.72  0.69 0.800.730.84 0.810.620.840.790.790.790.770.800.83 0.850.860.86 
Canada1.011.001.000.990.991.001.00 0.991.021.02    0.980.980.980.980.980.980.980.99  
Cape Verde1.07   0.97      1.061.051.091.101.121.171.201.121.201.201.181.191.16 
Cayman Islands                         
Central African Republic0.400.410.41        0.52       0.56 0.550.51  
Chad0.22   0.220.240.250.260.260.260.290.310.340.320.330.350.360.450.410.410.420.440.46  
Channel Islands                         
Chile1.061.021.031.06    1.041.041.02 1.021.011.011.011.021.031.031.031.031.031.041.01 
China0.730.750.770.790.830.850.880.88   0.95 0.96  1.011.021.031.041.011.011.021.03 
China, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region      1.03    0.980.970.980.991.001.000.990.990.990.990.990.990.97 
China, Macao Special Administrative Region1.09 1.101.11     1.051.031.051.051.061.031.031.021.001.001.010.990.980.990.98 
Colombia 1.191.201.16 1.151.05 1.111.111.10 1.10 1.111.111.111.111.101.101.101.091.091.08 
Comoros         0.81  0.840.830.76        1.04 
Congo0.76 0.76   0.75     0.740.690.84       0.87  
Cook Islands        1.101.081.141.181.141.12 1.13 1.18 1.141.091.251.071.16 
Costa Rica1.051.061.061.081.091.091.101.121.091.101.091.081.08 1.061.061.061.051.061.061.061.051.051.07 
Cote d'Ivoire         0.54             0.68 
Croatia   1.031.031.021.021.021.011.021.021.021.021.02 1.031.031.031.031.041.071.041.04  
Cuba1.131.151.171.141.121.131.051.12 1.061.041.050.990.981.021.021.021.001.000.990.990.991.001.00 
Cyprus1.031.031.041.021.011.011.021.02 1.031.021.011.021.021.031.021.021.021.011.011.011.011.02  
Czech Republic0.910.971.041.061.011.031.031.031.051.041.021.031.031.031.011.011.011.011.011.011.011.001.001.01 
Democratic Republic of the Congo  0.480.470.450.61           0.530.560.560.580.590.590.62 
Denmark1.021.011.021.031.031.031.03 1.041.051.041.051.051.061.051.041.031.031.031.021.011.021.011.02 
Djibouti  0.670.760.740.690.730.71 0.720.660.630.62 0.690.670.680.710.700.74 0.800.770.770.81
Dominica1.20        1.331.131.091.131.131.091.081.071.091.041.121.091.07   
Dominican Republic        1.241.241.23 1.21 1.171.19 1.201.191.131.121.131.12  
Ecuador   1.02  1.05 1.041.031.021.021.011.021.001.011.011.01  1.011.011.021.05 
Egypt0.780.800.840.850.840.870.870.87 0.910.930.93 0.940.94    0.980.960.980.980.97 
El Salvador 1.121.071.06    0.980.970.991.001.001.021.021.031.041.041.031.021.011.001.001.01 
Equatorial Guinea   0.440.53    0.370.44 0.58  0.72         
Eritrea                         
Estonia  1.081.071.131.121.11 1.041.041.041.021.021.041.031.021.031.031.031.021.000.990.991.00 
Ethiopia 0.770.840.870.840.800.76  0.680.670.660.620.570.570.600.63        
Faeroe Islands                         
Falkland Islands (Malvinas)                         
Fiji 0.971.01     1.071.111.091.071.081.071.07 1.091.111.071.09 1.081.11  
Finland1.181.191.211.181.171.151.171.141.101.091.091.101.111.101.051.051.041.051.051.051.051.041.051.09 
France1.071.051.051.041.000.990.990.991.001.001.001.011.001.011.001.001.001.001.001.001.011.011.011.01 
French Guiana1.461.481.081.101.081.061.081.11                 
French Polynesia1.371.191.201.27                     
Gabon    0.910.840.910.88 0.88               
Gambia0.470.500.530.530.540.540.61           0.930.950.95    
Georgia 0.970.950.930.940.910.970.97 0.980.980.990.980.980.990.971.00 0.95    1.01 
Germany  0.980.960.970.970.970.980.980.980.980.990.980.980.980.980.980.980.980.950.950.950.950.95 
Ghana0.66    0.72   0.810.820.840.850.850.830.830.840.870.880.89 0.900.900.910.94
Greece0.980.980.991.010.961.021.031.041.041.041.061.051.021.021.000.980.970.95  0.960.970.97  
Greenland                         
Grenada1.111.161.201.18        1.150.981.081.02 0.970.911.001.03  0.98 
Guadeloupe 1.171.131.041.111.09                   
Guam                         
Guatemala   0.89  0.89 0.890.840.880.890.88 0.900.910.910.920.930.930.920.910.920.92 
Guinea0.320.32 0.330.33 0.34  0.35 0.390.410.450.450.500.52 0.58  0.63   
Guinea-Bissau          0.55              
Guyana         1.01 1.01   1.03 1.001.081.081.141.151.15  
Haiti                         
Honduras 1.23              1.231.251.27 1.231.221.221.22 
Hungary1.011.011.01 1.031.041.041.031.021.021.011.011.011.000.990.990.990.990.980.990.980.980.981.00 
Iceland 0.970.970.980.980.970.97 1.011.051.071.061.061.071.031.021.031.061.041.031.021.010.99  
India   0.630.640.640.650.67 0.700.710.710.740.800.810.820.830.860.880.920.930.940.95  
Indonesia0.830.820.830.810.850.860.86  0.950.970.980.990.990.990.991.011.010.991.001.011.011.030.98 
Iran (Islamic Republic of)0.720.750.760.780.800.84 0.90 0.930.940.940.940.940.960.960.971.010.970.960.950.940.94  
Iraq   0.64  0.64  0.640.620.61 0.720.67  0.75       
Ireland1.101.091.091.041.051.061.071.081.061.061.081.091.091.091.081.101.081.071.061.051.041.031.02  
Israel1.061.051.041.051.04    0.991.000.990.990.981.000.991.001.001.021.021.021.021.021.02 
Italy1.001.001.000.990.990.991.001.000.990.990.960.980.970.970.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.99  
Jamaica 1.06 1.05     1.011.021.021.021.021.021.04 1.051.051.011.061.06 1.04 
Japan1.021.021.021.021.021.01  1.011.011.011.011.011.011.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.00  
Jordan1.031.031.071.081.07 1.04  1.051.05 1.041.031.021.021.031.031.03 1.041.041.03  
Kazakhstan   1.02   1.111.051.001.05     1.00     1.011.01 
Kenya         0.960.950.940.961.020.930.950.930.870.920.90  0.93  
Kiribati0.961.081.08  1.231.20 1.101.231.271.191.161.181.181.141.181.181.11      
Korea, Democratic People's Republic of                         
Korea, Republic of0.950.970.980.990.981.001.011.011.001.001.001.001.001.000.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.99 0.990.99
Kuwait0.91 0.970.971.001.021.011.041.041.001.001.00 1.001.011.041.001.01       
Kyrgyzstan0.991.021.03      1.021.031.001.001.011.001.001.001.001.001.000.991.00 1.00 
Lao People's Democratic Republic0.69 0.660.630.650.660.670.670.690.690.700.710.730.740.750.760.780.790.800.820.830.850.870.89 
Latvia 1.021.041.031.081.081.081.081.041.041.031.021.011.001.001.001.011.031.021.010.980.970.970.96 
Lebanon  1.10 1.101.161.141.141.131.131.121.141.081.041.021.011.001.021.011.011.021.011.011.01 
Lesotho1.571.541.581.581.60 1.531.501.561.411.371.311.321.311.301.301.311.351.381.411.421.411.40  
Liberia         0.650.73          0.82  0.78
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya            1.071.06 1.191.18        
Liechtenstein             0.860.89 0.870.880.870.860.850.830.85  
Lithuania   0.98 1.051.041.031.011.000.990.990.980.980.990.990.990.991.001.000.980.970.960.95 
Luxembourg  1.031.051.041.011.041.061.051.041.061.071.061.051.051.051.041.031.03 1.031.031.03  
Madagascar0.94              0.960.950.950.940.94 0.950.950.96 
Malawi0.580.61 0.600.660.680.68  0.700.750.780.78 0.810.820.840.840.850.880.910.910.900.91 
Malaysia1.071.051.071.071.081.09 1.071.101.091.091.081.081.091.081.041.021.000.990.980.970.970.94  
Maldives    1.041.061.041.071.051.081.081.071.141.101.13          
Mali0.500.520.460.510.500.500.530.500.520.540.57  0.550.610.630.630.670.660.670.700.72 0.80 
Malta0.930.920.910.910.890.931.010.980.980.930.980.950.980.990.940.960.980.950.97 0.911.031.04  
Marshall Islands         1.06  1.041.081.041.001.011.001.061.03     
Martinique1.171.141.151.221.081.051.05                  
Mauritania0.460.480.520.520.560.580.520.540.720.720.740.770.780.830.860.880.84 0.880.840.850.850.850.94 
Mauritius1.00     1.04 1.010.980.970.971.000.990.980.971.031.021.031.041.041.041.04  
Mayotte                         
Mexico0.991.000.970.991.011.021.010.990.991.001.001.011.021.031.021.021.031.041.051.071.071.081.081.08 
Micronesia, Federated States of              1.061.08         
Monaco                         
Mongolia 1.10 1.241.301.331.321.361.341.271.241.221.191.151.121.111.10  1.081.07    
Montenegro             1.011.021.031.031.021.151.011.011.001.01  
Montserrat            1.13 1.101.100.981.02       
Morocco0.720.730.720.730.730.740.750.760.770.790.800.810.810.830.840.850.870.870.870.870.870.860.86  
Mozambique0.570.560.590.600.590.61   0.630.630.630.65 0.690.690.710.730.750.790.820.860.890.91 
Myanmar0.920.960.980.990.99    0.981.050.940.930.930.920.970.981.00 1.021.05    
Namibia1.261.231.231.221.201.181.171.151.151.111.121.131.111.111.121.121.151.16       
Nauru          1.170.971.211.091.201.131.181.171.20   0.96  
Nepal0.430.450.500.530.560.600.63  0.660.670.670.690.72 0.820.850.870.880.880.971.011.041.051.06
Netherlands0.920.920.930.950.930.950.950.960.970.960.960.970.970.980.980.980.980.980.980.980.990.990.980.99 
Netherlands Antilles                         
New Caledonia                         
New Zealand1.011.011.001.001.030.981.051.051.061.051.06 1.111.101.061.061.041.021.051.031.051.051.051.05 
Nicaragua        1.181.191.171.181.16 1.131.141.131.131.13 1.10    
Niger0.370.370.400.45  0.530.540.560.580.590.600.590.610.610.630.630.610.600.600.670.640.670.69 
Nigeria0.78        0.920.850.840.77 0.810.840.830.780.850.880.89    
Niue        0.821.10 1.09  1.731.78         
Northern Mariana Islands                         
Norway1.041.031.010.970.970.950.950.961.001.021.021.021.021.021.031.011.000.990.980.980.990.990.980.97 
Oman0.720.810.870.910.930.950.940.991.001.000.980.980.960.95 0.950.960.970.950.92 0.95 1.17 
Pakistan0.420.480.50             0.780.760.760.790.770.750.740.73 
Palau         1.071.03   1.02        1.031.06
Panama1.07        1.081.071.081.07 1.081.081.091.081.081.081.071.081.051.07 
Papua New Guinea0.650.670.670.680.690.68  0.70             0.76  
Paraguay1.041.05 1.061.051.071.061.051.051.041.031.021.011.011.021.031.041.041.041.051.051.051.06  
Peru 0.94   0.94  0.950.940.930.930.930.940.980.970.980.990.990.980.990.980.960.98 
Philippines1.04       1.101.10 1.101.111.111.111.121.121.101.091.08   1.07 
Poland1.051.041.031.001.001.001.000.990.990.990.980.970.970.961.010.990.980.990.990.990.990.990.990.96 
Portugal1.001.16 1.141.091.081.09 1.081.081.071.061.051.091.101.101.091.071.051.041.021.011.001.00 
Puerto Rico                   1.031.061.041.081.06 
Qatar1.281.211.171.070.940.850.80 1.041.111.151.231.171.060.950.941.001.301.371.341.231.10   
Republic of Moldova1.091.091.101.111.101.041.031.03 0.981.021.021.031.041.051.041.041.031.031.021.021.021.021.01 
Reunion    1.041.031.03                  
Romania0.981.001.011.001.021.031.021.001.021.021.021.021.021.021.011.011.010.990.990.990.990.980.98  
Russian Federation    1.02        1.000.990.980.980.970.970.98 0.980.980.98 
Rwanda0.810.820.81      0.980.900.940.950.860.870.860.870.850.860.910.981.021.071.07 
Saint Kitts and Nevis  1.041.06      1.101.131.131.191.141.07 1.001.051.080.991.041.051.18 
Saint Lucia1.511.441.551.67   1.26 1.261.301.261.281.230.971.181.171.111.051.030.990.970.991.00 
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1.24        1.341.171.121.101.081.25 1.121.121.041.020.930.960.96 
Samoa    1.231.121.091.121.141.111.141.131.121.141.131.131.151.16 1.151.141.141.11  
San Marino                   1.041.021.011.03  
Sao Tome and Principe             1.171.041.07 1.081.081.131.031.151.141.11 
Saudi Arabia               0.93       0.950.94
Senegal0.51 0.53   0.610.600.620.640.650.660.67 0.720.750.76 0.79 0.870.91   
Serbia         1.011.021.021.031.041.031.031.041.031.031.031.021.021.021.03 
Seychelles 0.991.011.031.031.001.02 0.991.071.081.101.081.091.131.10 1.091.111.101.061.071.011.08 
Sierra Leone0.520.57         0.71         0.750.860.87 
Singapore                         
Slovakia   1.041.041.051.031.031.021.021.021.011.011.011.011.011.011.011.011.011.011.011.011.02 
Slovenia   1.031.031.031.031.031.031.031.031.021.000.991.001.001.001.001.001.000.990.990.991.00 
Solomon Islands0.620.590.620.600.64    0.750.780.810.80  0.830.820.82  0.860.910.94  
Somalia                 0.46       
South Africa1.161.17  1.15   1.141.131.111.091.071.061.071.061.051.031.021.031.031.031.031.07 
South Sudan                         
Spain1.061.071.081.081.091.081.111.061.071.061.061.061.061.051.061.061.061.061.061.041.021.011.011.01 
Sri Lanka1.081.091.091.091.101.08              1.021.031.061.06 
State of Palestine     0.960.970.99 1.021.041.061.051.051.041.051.061.061.071.071.081.101.101.10 
Sudan           0.810.960.920.920.930.960.910.900.870.870.920.91  
Sudan (former)                         
Suriname1.281.191.201.19       1.191.39  1.291.321.331.281.23 1.31 1.29 
Swaziland        1.011.001.011.011.031.020.981.021.020.91 1.011.000.970.99  
Sweden1.051.051.041.141.131.151.171.191.251.261.271.261.211.181.031.001.000.990.990.990.990.990.981.13 
Switzerland0.940.940.940.930.930.940.94 0.920.930.940.950.940.940.940.940.940.950.950.960.970.970.97  
Syrian Arab Republic0.730.740.760.800.810.830.870.900.900.920.920.900.910.940.950.960.970.991.001.011.011.001.001.00 
Tajikistan         0.860.860.830.820.830.840.830.830.840.870.890.870.880.90  
Thailand1.040.960.960.98       0.971.00 1.071.061.071.081.071.071.061.061.061.08 
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia   0.980.980.980.970.980.970.970.970.970.970.980.970.97 0.970.960.970.98 0.99  
Timor-Leste              0.960.98  0.990.971.001.02   
Togo0.340.340.32 0.340.350.350.36 0.400.440.460.480.490.510.530.550.53       
Tokelau          1.011.201.240.90           
Tonga0.981.02 0.99    1.171.141.121.091.10   1.000.721.031.281.070.971.041.04 
Trinidad and Tobago1.041.041.031.04          1.07          
Tunisia0.760.780.820.850.890.910.930.95 1.011.051.051.041.07 1.101.10 1.081.081.071.05   
Turkey0.590.600.620.630.660.65 0.68 0.680.720.720.720.730.770.830.840.850.880.910.920.920.950.97 
Turkmenistan                        0.96
Turks and Caicos Islands             1.000.980.94         
Tuvalu           1.10           1.25 
Uganda0.58 0.59 0.62  0.65  0.770.770.810.810.800.800.810.820.850.830.860.85 0.87 
Ukraine   1.071.07    1.041.010.991.011.000.990.930.991.000.980.980.980.970.980.97 
United Arab Emirates1.231.201.181.141.101.06 1.101.121.10               
United Kingdom1.031.041.040.990.990.991.001.001.011.011.011.011.011.031.031.031.031.021.021.021.011.011.001.04 
United Republic of Tanzania 0.750.770.770.790.800.850.80            0.82 0.880.92 
United States1.001.02 1.001.001.021.01 1.04 1.011.020.991.001.021.021.001.011.001.011.011.001.001.00 
United States Virgin Islands1.011.010.99                      
Uruguay    1.191.20  1.331.171.141.141.121.151.151.151.160.991.131.131.14    
Uzbekistan         0.980.970.970.970.960.960.970.970.980.980.990.990.98   
Vanuatu 0.81       0.881.140.910.940.840.86     1.00    
Venezuela 1.241.241.25     1.221.201.171.161.151.141.131.121.121.101.091.101.091.091.09 
Viet Nam        0.90                
Western Sahara                         
Yemen         0.37 0.41 0.450.470.49  0.57 0.620.630.650.69 
Zambia                         
Zimbabwe0.880.790.790.800.820.840.86  0.880.880.890.880.90        0.97  
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