United Nations Economic and Social Council adopted resolution on the
2020 World Population and Housing Census Programme

On 10 June 2015, the United Nations Economic and Social Council adopted a resolution entitled "2020 World Population and Housing Census Programme". With this resolution, the Council urges Member States to conduct at least one population and housing census in the decade spanning from 2015-2024, and underscores the need for countries to implement internationally adopted quality standards for their conduct. Furthermore, it emphasizes the importance of the 2020 World Census Programme for sustainable development planning, especially in the context of the post-2015 development agenda.

Population and Housing Censuses form the foundation of national statistical systems and are a critical source of information for national planning. Their value as an important vehicle for data collection has been reiterated during the course of discussion on the post-2015 development agenda.

Since its establishment in 1947, the UN Statistical Commission has launched the World Population and Housing Census Programme every ten years. It has closely monitored the national conduct of census operations and coordinated census activities of countries and areas at the international level. The last World Population and Housing Census Decade, launched by an ECOSOC resolution and spanning the period 2005-2014, was a great success, mobilizing 214 countries or areas covering about 97 per cent of the world population.