International migration

Concepts and definitions
   
A.
Place of usual residence (paras. 32.- 37.)
B.
International long-term immigrant/long-term emigrant (paras. 32.- 37.)
C.
International short-term immigrant/short-term emigrant (paras. 32.- 37.)
D.
Foreign-born population of a country (paras. 189.- 194.)
E.
Foreign population of a country (para. 188.)
F.

Citizenship (para. 137.)

 

A. Place of usual residence (paras. 32.- 37.)

The country in which a person lives, that is to say, the country in which he or she has a place to live where he or she normally spends the daily period of rest. Temporary travel abroad for purposes of recreation, holiday, visits to friends and relatives, business, medical treatment or religious pilgrimage does not change a person's country of usual residence.

B. International long-term immigrant/long-term emigrant (paras. 32.- 37.)

A person who moves to a country other than that of his or her usual residence for a period of at least a year (12 months), so that the country of destination effectively becomes his or her new country of usual residence. From the perspective of the country of departure the person will be a long-term emigrant and from that of the country of arrival the person will be a long-term immigrant.

C. International short-term immigrant/short-term emigrant (paras. 32.- 37.)

A person who moves to a country other than that of his or her usual residence for a period of at least 3 months but less than a year (12 months) except in cases where the movement to that country is for purposes of recreation, holiday, visits to friends and relatives, business, medical treatment or religious pilgrimage. For purposes of international migration statistics, the country of usual residence of short-term migrants is considered to be the country of destination during the period they spend in it.

D. Foreign-born population of a country

All persons who have that country as the country of usual residence and whose place of birth is located in another country.

E. Foreign population of a country (para. 188.)

All persons who have that country as country of usual residence and who are the citizens of another country.

F. Citizen (para. 137.)

A person with the legal nationality of a country

United Nations Statistics Division - Demographic and Social Statistics