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National Classifications


Country / Area: Australia

Classification category: Activity classifications

General information
1 (a)Name of the current national classification (full name in official national languages and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)N/A
1 (b)In which language(s) is the classification available?The concepts, principles and methods of application adopted in ANZSIC are consistent with those in ISIC, to the fullest extent practicable.
1 (c)Can the classification (or information about it) be accessed on the Internet? If yes, please provide the URL.The structure of ANZSIC - divisions, subdivisions, groups and classes - is comparable with, or convertible to, the sections, divisions, groups and classes of ISIC. Differences in structure exist to more appropriately reflect the structure of the Australian and New Zealand economies, and to meet specific statistical needs.

ISIC contains 17 sections, 60 divisions, 159 groups, and 292 classes. In comparison ANZSIC consists of 17 divisions, 53 subdivisions, 158 groups, and 465 classes. This illustrates that ANZSIC is more detailed at the lower level (i.e. class), but is similar at the broader levels.

Classification structure
2 (a)Please describe the structure of the classification: How many levels does the classification have? (Please provide labels, such as “Division”, “Class”) How many categories exist at each level?465
2 (b)Please provide examples of the coding system used at each level.Yes
Relationship to international standards
3 (a)Is this classification based on (or linked to) an international standard classification? If yes, please describe.Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) and Statistics New Zealand (StatsNZ).
3 (b)Is the classification structure identical to the international standard or, if not, how does it differ? (e.g. have additional levels been added to the international standard or have changes been made within the level of the international structure, such as aggregations or additional breakdowns)Lyn Blair (Director, Economic Standards Section)
Email: lyn.blair@abs.gov.au
Facsimile: 61 2 6253 1095
3 (c)Please describe deviations from the international standard (in terms of structure, methodology or application rules). Please use examples, if a general statement is not possible.www.abs.gov.au

Information on ABS classifications is located in the 'Statistical Concepts Library'. This can be found by choosing the 'Statistics' option on the ABS homepage.

3 (d)At what level of the international standard can data be reported for international comparison? (Please provide examples of programmes / indicators if reporting takes place at different levels of the classification.)1993
3 (e)If no links to international classifications exist or no international standard is used, please state if there are plans to use international norms in the future.A revision of ANZSIC commenced in January 2000 and is expected to be completed by December 2002. This revision has been undertaken to enable ANZSIC to address conceptual problems and to better reflect the current and future Australian and New Zealand economies.
Classification uses
4 (a)Please state for which statistical purposes (surveys etc.) this classification is used and if there are users outside of the Statistical Office. Please indicate at which level the classification is used for data collection and for data publishing.ANZSIC is used as the basis for compiling and disseminating all industry-based statistical data in the ABS and Statistics New Zealand.

Within the ABS it is used extensively in the compilation of economic statistics, including surveys covering agriculture, mining, manufacturing, construction, finance, services, and wholesale and retail trade. National Accounts statistics incorporate an input-output analysis which takes account of industry.

ANZSIC is also used for some household surveys including the labour force survey and social surveys, and the population census.

4 (b)Please give the names of institutions that use the classification for non-statistical purposes (as opposed to statistical purposes in question 4(a)). Also indicate the kind of use (e.g. tax offices, social security, customs, enterprise register, employment services, work permits etc.)The ABS maintains an extensive listing of businesses for the purpose of sourcing survey and census collection populations. Each business is allocated an ANZSIC class.

As mentioned previously, economic survey areas (e.g. agriculture, mining, manufacturing, finance, retail and wholesale trade, etc) utilise ANZSIC extensively. In compiling economic statistics ANZSIC is often used at a detailed level (i.e. class). It is also used as the basis of input-output analysis of economic data.

4 (c)Please indicate if alternative classifications are used by other institutions of the economy. Are these classifications available and useful for the Statistical Office?A wide range of economic data and some social data include industry breakdowns; generally at a broad level (e.g. division or subdivision). For some data series statistics are published, or are available, at more detailed levels.
Implementation / revision status
5 (a)Please state the date of the official adoption of the classification. If not yet adopted, please indicate the current state (e.g. in development, sent for approval, in printing, ready to be distributed etc.)English
5 (b)Please state the date of use of the classification for individual statistical programmes.Yes
5 (c)Are there existing plans for revision or update of the current classification?Yes
5 (d)Name of former (previous) national classification (full name in both national tongue and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)No
5 (e)Please describe the link of the former classification to international classificationsConceptually the ANZSIC is difficult to use. It follows ISIC Rev. 3 guidelines which recommends classifying business units according to a mix of demand and supply-side principles. In practice it has proven to be difficult to delineate which of these concepts should apply to some categories of the classification.

The economies of the world have changed significantly in the past decade due to factors such as the emergence of new technologies. This has lead to the adoption of new production processes and the development of new industries, particularly service-based industries. Given ANZSIC was introduced in 1993, and much of its development occurred more than a decade ago, it no longer provides an industry breakdown which reflects current industrial practices. This deficiency has been evident for some years.

5 (f)Please describe the structure of the former classification and indicate the number of items at each level of the classification. (similar to question 2(a))The ABS has a representative on the United Nations Statistical Commission and has regular contact with other member nations. ABS has been active in the UN Expert Committee on Classifications, and the Technical Subgroup. This arrangement has proven to be beneficial over many years.
5 (g)Do conversion tables exist between the former and current classification?A wide range of government departments and organisations, particularly the Australian Taxation Office (ATO), utilise ANZSIC.

Several insurance companies classify businesses and individuals to ANZSICcategories as a means of assessing risk of injury, and major banks have created databases in which major clients are categorised by ANZSIC classes.
Workers Compensation Insurance Agencies (State Government) also use ANZSIC.

Non-government statistical consultancy businesses also compile data on an ANZSIC basis.

5 (h)When was the former classification implemented?N/A
Supporting documents
6 (a)Have national explanatory notes and/or guidelines been elaborated?Australian Standard Industrial Classification (ASIC)
6 (b)Do correspondence tables exist between the national and the international classifications (if applicable)?International Standard Industrial Classification of all Economic Activities, Second Revision (ISIC Rev. 2)
6 (c)Are correspondence tables between alternative and current classification available (if applicable)?ASIC had a similar relationship to ISIC Rev.2 as ANZSIC currently has to ISIC Rev.3 (see above).
6 (d)Does a national coding index exist?466
6 (e)Is the classification available in electronic form? If yes, in which formats is it available?(e.g. PDF, TXT, Excel, XML)Yes.
6 (f)Are the correspondence tables or indexes available in electronic form?1983

Source: UN questionnaire, 11/28/2000