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National Classifications

(USMS, 88)

Country / Area: Turkey

Classification category: Occupation classifications

General information
1 (a)Name of the current national classification (full name in official national languages and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)The translated version of the international classification on occupations, indicated above, is directly used. (*)
1 (b)In which language(s) is the classification available?(*)
1 (c)Can the classification (or information about it) be accessed on the Internet? If yes, please provide the URL.(*)
Classification structure
2 (a)Please describe the structure of the classification: How many levels does the classification have? (Please provide labels, such as “Division”, “Class”) How many categories exist at each level?(*)
2 (b)Please provide examples of the coding system used at each level.(*)
Relationship to international standards
3 (a)Is this classification based on (or linked to) an international standard classification? If yes, please describe.State Institute of Statistics
3 (c)Please describe deviations from the international standard (in terms of structure, methodology or application rules). Please use examples, if a general statement is not possible.Ilhami MINTEMUR
Tel: +90 312 410 03 68
E-mail: ilhami.mintemur@die.gov.tr
3 (d)At what level of the international standard can data be reported for international comparison? (Please provide examples of programmes / indicators if reporting takes place at different levels of the classification.)ISCO-1968 was used on the classification of occupations on Household Budget Surveys conducted in 1987 and 1994. Since 2002, the annual Household Budget Survey has been implemented regularly and ISCO-88 has been used.
Classification uses
4 (a)Please state for which statistical purposes (surveys etc.) this classification is used and if there are users outside of the Statistical Office. Please indicate at which level the classification is used for data collection and for data publishing.-
4 (b)Please give the names of institutions that use the classification for non-statistical purposes (as opposed to statistical purposes in question 4(a)). Also indicate the kind of use (e.g. tax offices, social security, customs, enterprise register, employment services, work permits etc.)The occupations of employed persons have been classified according to the ISCO-1988 at four digits level.
4 (c)Please indicate if alternative classifications are used by other institutions of the economy. Are these classifications available and useful for the Statistical Office?The results of Household Budget Survey related to income distribution according to occupation groups and results related to consumption patterns of households according to the reference person's occupation etc. have been published according to the ISCO-1988 since 2002 at one digit level.
Implementation / revision status
5 (a)Please state the date of the official adoption of the classification. If not yet adopted, please indicate the current state (e.g. in development, sent for approval, in printing, ready to be distributed etc.)Turkish and English
5 (b)Please state the date of use of the classification for individual statistical programmes.Yes
5 (c)Are there existing plans for revision or update of the current classification?Yes
5 (d)Name of former (previous) national classification (full name in both national tongue and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)All related documents on ISCO-88 has been translated into Turkish and adapted to our country situation.
5 (e)Please describe the link of the former classification to international classificationsIn some cases it is not that easy to decide how to classify occupations
5 (f)Please describe the structure of the former classification and indicate the number of items at each level of the classification. (similar to question 2(a))We need assistance on ISCO-88 especially about how to treat on coding about above-mentioned situations.
5 (g)Do conversion tables exist between the former and current classification?Ministry of Labor and Social Security
5 (h)When was the former classification implemented?-
5 (i)Are statistical data still collected or published according to the former classification? Please indicate if this statistical data is collected or published by the Statistical Office or elsewhere.-
Supporting documents
6 (a)Have national explanatory notes and/or guidelines been elaborated?International Standard Classification of Occupation (ISCO-68)
Uluslararası Standart Meslek Sınıflaması (USMS-68)
6 (b)Do correspondence tables exist between the national and the international classifications (if applicable)?Yes
6 (c)Are correspondence tables between alternative and current classification available (if applicable)?We directly used the original form of ISCO-68 at three digit level.
6 (d)Does a national coding index exist?We directly used the original form of ISCO-68 at three digit level.
6 (e)Is the classification available in electronic form? If yes, in which formats is it available?(e.g. PDF, TXT, Excel, XML)It is not easy to convert ISCO-88 to the previous classification directly because some codes do not match.
6 (f)Are the correspondence tables or indexes available in electronic form?1987-1994
Contact information
7 (a)Name of institution / office responsible for the development and maintenance of the classification-
7 (b)Contact address, phone number, e-mail or website for public information and inquiryInternational Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-88)

Source: UN questionnaire, 9/28/2004