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National Classifications


Country / Area: Hungary

Classification category: Occupation classifications

General information
1 (b)In which language(s) is the classification available?The principles and the structure of HSCO-93 are in line with the system of the ISCO–88. HSCO–93 adopted major groups of the ISCO–88 without any remarkable modification. Sub-major groups (second digit) are developed also in a way – in certain cases by reduction – that groups of ISCO–88 could be formed of them. But at further levels of aggregation there are details in the Hungarian classification which deviate from the recommendations of the ISCO–88 to a certain extent – and these deviations mostly mean more detailed breaking down.
1 (c)Can the classification (or information about it) be accessed on the Internet? If yes, please provide the URL.The structure is identical to the ISCO-88.
Classification structure
2 (a)Please describe the structure of the classification: How many levels does the classification have? (Please provide labels, such as “Division”, “Class”) How many categories exist at each level?632
2 (b)Please provide examples of the coding system used at each level.Yes, we have a three-digit deep correspondence table.
Relationship to international standards
3 (a)Is this classification based on (or linked to) an international standard classification? If yes, please describe.Hungarian Central Statistical Office
Census Department
Employment Statistics Section
3 (b)Is the classification structure identical to the international standard or, if not, how does it differ? (e.g. have additional levels been added to the international standard or have changes been made within the level of the international structure, such as aggregations or additional breakdowns)Márta Záhonyi
(36) 1 229-8754
3 (d)At what level of the international standard can data be reported for international comparison? (Please provide examples of programmes / indicators if reporting takes place at different levels of the classification.)1993
3 (e)If no links to international classifications exist or no international standard is used, please state if there are plans to use international norms in the future.We are working on up-dating our classification for national needs; it means mainly the enlarging of the list of jobs (within occupations) and improvement of the description of occupations. With considerable revision we are waiting for the revision of ISCO.
Classification uses
4 (a)Please state for which statistical purposes (surveys etc.) this classification is used and if there are users outside of the Statistical Office. Please indicate at which level the classification is used for data collection and for data publishing.HSCO-93 is used for statistical and administrative purposes as well by the statistical office (Labour Force Survey, Censuses, Microcensuses etc.), ministries and employers.
4 (b)Please give the names of institutions that use the classification for non-statistical purposes (as opposed to statistical purposes in question 4(a)). Also indicate the kind of use (e.g. tax offices, social security, customs, enterprise register, employment services, work permits etc.)Census (4-digit)
LFS (4-digit)
4 (c)Please indicate if alternative classifications are used by other institutions of the economy. Are these classifications available and useful for the Statistical Office?Census (3-digit)
LFS (2-digit)
Implementation / revision status
5 (a)Please state the date of the official adoption of the classification. If not yet adopted, please indicate the current state (e.g. in development, sent for approval, in printing, ready to be distributed etc.)Hungarian, English
5 (b)Please state the date of use of the classification for individual statistical programmes.Yes
5 (c)Are there existing plans for revision or update of the current classification?Yes
5 (d)Name of former (previous) national classification (full name in both national tongue and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)Yes
5 (e)Please describe the link of the former classification to international classificationsConceptual, structural problems. And practical ones like coding problems.
5 (f)Please describe the structure of the former classification and indicate the number of items at each level of the classification. (similar to question 2(a))It could be useful to have more information and more frequently about the plans and results relating to the revision of ISCO-88.
5 (g)Do conversion tables exist between the former and current classification?Ministries, employers.
Supporting documents
6 (a)Have national explanatory notes and/or guidelines been elaborated?Foglalkozások Egységes Osztályozási Rendszere (FEOR)
Standard Classification of Occupatons
6 (b)Do correspondence tables exist between the national and the international classifications (if applicable)?No
6 (c)Are correspondence tables between alternative and current classification available (if applicable)?8
1-4 occupations
5-6 jobs
7-8 qualification, duty, management responsibility
6 (e)Is the classification available in electronic form? If yes, in which formats is it available?(e.g. PDF, TXT, Excel, XML)Yes
6 (f)Are the correspondence tables or indexes available in electronic form?1975
Contact information
7 (a)Name of institution / office responsible for the development and maintenance of the classificationThe old nomenclature is not in use since 1993.
7 (b)Contact address, phone number, e-mail or website for public information and inquiryHungarian Standard Classification of Occupations (HSCO-93)

Source: UN questionnaire, 9/17/2004