Available Classifications
Alternate structures
Alphabetical Indexes
Correspondence Tables
Free downloads
International Family of Classifications
  Best practices

National classifications

  Statistical Commission
  Expert Group
  Technical Subgroup
  Workshops and Training


Contact us

   Back to regional overview

National Classifications


Country / Area: Croatia

Classification category: Activity classifications

General information
1 (a)Name of the current national classification (full name in official national languages and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)-
1 (b)In which language(s) is the classification available?NKD has no deviations from the NACE Rev.1.
NKD is the classification of economic activities corresponding to NACE Rev. 1 at National level. Though more disaggregated than NACE Rev.1. but is totally in line with it and can thus be regarded as its National counterpart.
1 (c)Can the classification (or information about it) be accessed on the Internet? If yes, please provide the URL.Level 1: 17 sections identified by alphabetical letters A to Q, identical with NACE Rev.1;
intermediate level: 31 sub-sections identified by two-character alphabetical codes, identical with NACE Rev.1; Level 2: 60 divisions identified by two-digit numerical codes, identical with NACE Rev.1;
Level 3: 222 groups identified by three-digit numerical codes, identical with NACE Rev.1;
Level 4: 503 classes identified by four-digit numerical codes, identical with NACE Rev.1;
Level 5: 570 sub-classes identified by five-digit numerical codes, additional national breakdown
Classification structure
2 (a)Please describe the structure of the classification: How many levels does the classification have? (Please provide labels, such as “Division”, “Class”) How many categories exist at each level?570 at the most detailed sub-classes level
2 (b)Please provide examples of the coding system used at each level.yes
Relationship to international standards
3 (a)Is this classification based on (or linked to) an international standard classification? If yes, please describe.Croatian Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS)
3 (b)Is the classification structure identical to the international standard or, if not, how does it differ? (e.g. have additional levels been added to the international standard or have changes been made within the level of the international structure, such as aggregations or additional breakdowns)Mrs Jasna Pugar
Tel: (+385 1) 4573 669
email: jpugar@dzs.hr

Miss Ana Beljan
Tel: (+385 1) 4806 511
email: beljana@dzs.hr
3 (c)Please describe deviations from the international standard (in terms of structure, methodology or application rules). Please use examples, if a general statement is not possible.Central Bureau of Statistics
Statistical information and Documentation Division (INDOK)
Ilica 3, HR-10002 ZAGREB, CROATIA
Tel.: (+385 1) 4806 115
Fax: (+385 1) 4806 148
E-mail: stat.info@dzs.hr
web-site: http://www.dzs.hr
3 (d)At what level of the international standard can data be reported for international comparison? (Please provide examples of programmes / indicators if reporting takes place at different levels of the classification.)NKD first official adoption has been started from1.1.1995 (Law on NKD, Official Gazette No 98/94, following Decisions on NKD: Official Gazette No 3/97 & 7/97)
Implementation in industrial statistical surveys started in1995 but in entirety from1997. The implementation was based on statistical acts Annual Programmes of statistical surveys for the years 1995, 1996 & 1997 as well as on official acts Law on NKD and Decisinos on NKD.
3 (e)If no links to international classifications exist or no international standard is used, please state if there are plans to use international norms in the future.Current new version of NKD 2002 as revised version of first version of NKD was enter into force on 01.01.2003 due to new EU version of NACE Rev.1.1. It will be aplicable in all statistical surveys (and publications) from 1.1.2004.
Next NKD 2002 revision is foreseen for 01.01.2007 due to revision of NACE Rev.1.1
Classification uses
4 (a)Please state for which statistical purposes (surveys etc.) this classification is used and if there are users outside of the Statistical Office. Please indicate at which level the classification is used for data collection and for data publishing.Inside CBS: Business Registers; National Accounts; Production Statistics surveys; Short-term statistics surveys; other business statistics surveys; labour statistics surveys; other social statistics surveys; agricultural statistics surveys (enterprises)
Outside CBS: registration of all business entities due to administrative purpose (it is the precondition for any new entity to be able to open bank account )
4 (b)Please give the names of institutions that use the classification for non-statistical purposes (as opposed to statistical purposes in question 4(a)). Also indicate the kind of use (e.g. tax offices, social security, customs, enterprise register, employment services, work permits etc.)Statistical data are collected according to the NKD at the most detailed level in all business statistics surveys, production surveys, industrial short-terms surveys, and all statistical surveys on enterprices.
Starting with 2004 statistical data will be collected according to the new NKD 2002
4 (c)Please indicate if alternative classifications are used by other institutions of the economy. Are these classifications available and useful for the Statistical Office?Statistical data are published according to the NKD at the most detailed level (in specific subject metter comprehesive publication), but for general publications (yearbook, monthly reports, first release, etc) on the 2-digits level (NKD devisions)
Implementation / revision status
5 (a)Please state the date of the official adoption of the classification. If not yet adopted, please indicate the current state (e.g. in development, sent for approval, in printing, ready to be distributed etc.)Croatian and English
5 (b)Please state the date of use of the classification for individual statistical programmes.yes
5 (c)Are there existing plans for revision or update of the current classification?yes
5 (d)Name of former (previous) national classification (full name in both national tongue and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)- yes
5 (e)Please describe the link of the former classification to international classifications- structure of NKD based on EU classification NACE Rev.1 sometimes cause the problems in regard with different structure and organization of national economy as well as understanding of real nature and purpose of statistical classifications in general were the main problems that have occurred during the past period of use of the NKD.
5 (f)Please describe the structure of the former classification and indicate the number of items at each level of the classification. (similar to question 2(a))-
5 (g)Do conversion tables exist between the former and current classification?- Users of the NKD for non-statistical purposes are
tax offices, financial agency, social security, craft register etc.
5 (h)When was the former classification implemented?-
5 (i)Are statistical data still collected or published according to the former classification? Please indicate if this statistical data is collected or published by the Statistical Office or elsewhere.-
Supporting documents
6 (a)Have national explanatory notes and/or guidelines been elaborated?Jedinstvena klasifikacija djelatnosti (JKD), Unified classification of activities (UCEA)
6 (b)Do correspondence tables exist between the national and the international classifications (if applicable)?There was no official link to any international classifications
6 (c)Are correspondence tables between alternative and current classification available (if applicable)?JKD levels was following:
Level 1: 14 sections identified by two-digit numerical codes
Level 2: 80 branches (divisions) identified by four-digit numerical codes
Level 3: 191 groups identified by five-digit numerical codes numerical codes
Level 4: 463 sub-groups identified by six-digit numerical codes
6 (d)Does a national coding index exist?463 at the most detailed level
6 (e)Is the classification available in electronic form? If yes, in which formats is it available?(e.g. PDF, TXT, Excel, XML)yes
6 (f)Are the correspondence tables or indexes available in electronic form?1976 operational till 31.12.1994. (in publications till 31.12.1996)
Contact information
7 (a)Name of institution / office responsible for the development and maintenance of the classificationnone
7 (b)Contact address, phone number, e-mail or website for public information and inquiryNational classification of activities (NKD)

Source: UN questionnaire, 10/10/2003