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National Classifications


Country / Area: Norway

Classification category: Expenditure classifications

General information
1 (c)Can the classification (or information about it) be accessed on the Internet? If yes, please provide the URL.COICOP is dIvided in:
14 main groups (2-digit)
58 groups (3-digit)
156 subgroups (4-digit)
Identical to international standard, but in some of the statistics using COICOP own national subclasses (5 digits) have been introduced.
Classification structure
2 (a)Please describe the structure of the classification: How many levels does the classification have? (Please provide labels, such as “Division”, “Class”) How many categories exist at each level?COICOP has all together 156 4-digit consumption groups (subgroups) at the most detailed level included in 14 main groups. However, the statistics use only the 12 first main groups.
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is using 96 of the 4-digit subgroups. Purchasing power parities (PPP) use 117 of the 4-digit subgroups and have 199 'basic headings' as the lowest level of aggregation below the 4-digit level. This is no 'national standard' as such, but rather a classification agreed upon within the framework of the European Comparison Programme. National Accounts (NA) use 98 4-digit subgroups. Household Bugdet Survey (HBS) use 113 of the 4-digits subgroup and have also 194 consumption groups on a 5-digit level under COICOP classification.
2 (b)Please provide examples of the coding system used at each level.Not necessary, because they are identical.
Relationship to international standards
3 (a)Is this classification based on (or linked to) an international standard classification? If yes, please describe.Statistics Norway.
3 (b)Is the classification structure identical to the international standard or, if not, how does it differ? (e.g. have additional levels been added to the international standard or have changes been made within the level of the international structure, such as aggregations or additional breakdowns)Randi Johannessen
3 (d)At what level of the international standard can data be reported for international comparison? (Please provide examples of programmes / indicators if reporting takes place at different levels of the classification.)Introduced in the national CPI in September 1999, in the PPP in 1999, in the HBS in 1999 and in NA in June 2001. An earlier version of COICOP was implemented in 1996 due to the introduction of the Harmonized Index of Consumer Prices (HICP).
Classification uses
4 (a)Please state for which statistical purposes (surveys etc.) this classification is used and if there are users outside of the Statistical Office. Please indicate at which level the classification is used for data collection and for data publishing.The classification is used in the CPI, HICP, PPP, HBS and NA.
4 (b)Please give the names of institutions that use the classification for non-statistical purposes (as opposed to statistical purposes in question 4(a)). Also indicate the kind of use (e.g. tax offices, social security, customs, enterprise register, employment services, work permits etc.)The classification is used in the CPI, HICP, PPP, HBS and NA.
4 (c)Please indicate if alternative classifications are used by other institutions of the economy. Are these classifications available and useful for the Statistical Office?The classification is used in the CPI, HICP, PPP, HBS and NA.
Implementation / revision status
5 (a)Please state the date of the official adoption of the classification. If not yet adopted, please indicate the current state (e.g. in development, sent for approval, in printing, ready to be distributed etc.)Norwegian, English
5 (b)Please state the date of use of the classification for individual statistical programmes.Yes
5 (f)Please describe the structure of the former classification and indicate the number of items at each level of the classification. (similar to question 2(a))For the CPI/HICP it is very useful to get assistance from Eurostat, and especially the Compendium of HICP reference document to identify where new commodities should be grouped. For the HBS it is very useful to get assistance and rcommendations from Eurostat.
Supporting documents
6 (a)Have national explanatory notes and/or guidelines been elaborated?Before August 1999, CPI used an consumption classification where the commodities where grouped after nature according to the recommendations in SNA 1968. Earlier NA used a classification besed on SNA 1968 as well. Before August 1999, HBS also used a consumption classification where the commodities where grouped after nature according to the recommendations in SNA 1968.
6 (b)Do correspondence tables exist between the national and the international classifications (if applicable)?CPI: yes
NA: yes
HBS: yes
6 (c)Are correspondence tables between alternative and current classification available (if applicable)?CPI: devided in 9 main groups (1-digit), 35 groups (2-digit) and 144 subgroups (3-digit)
NA: 3 levels
6 (d)Does a national coding index exist?CPI: 144 subgroups (3-digit)
NA: 114
6 (e)Is the classification available in electronic form? If yes, in which formats is it available?(e.g. PDF, TXT, Excel, XML)Yes
6 (f)Are the correspondence tables or indexes available in electronic form?CPI: September 1980
Contact information
7 (a)Name of institution / office responsible for the development and maintenance of the classificationNone
7 (b)Contact address, phone number, e-mail or website for public information and inquiryClassification Of Individual Consumption by Purpose (COICOP)

Source: UN questionnaire, 4/1/2003