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National Classifications


Country / Area: Poland

Classification category: Activity classifications

General information
1 (a)Name of the current national classification (full name in official national languages and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)Does not apply.
1 (b)In which language(s) is the classification available?- Taking into account the Polish conditions, subclasses composing the lower, fifth level of classification, were implemented in all classes;
- Alphanumerical symbols were used in all subclasses;
- The scopes of activity were defined on the level of all subclasses;
- All sections composing the first level of classification were defined;
- The methodological part was completed by the detailed descriptions and examples.
1 (c)Can the classification (or information about it) be accessed on the Internet? If yes, please provide the URL.The classification includes 5 levels. Up to the fourth level the classification is the detailed translation of NACE Rev.1. The fifth level was introduced in all classes in order to separate the kinds of activity characteristic of the Polish economy and for being the subject of statistical research. It is marked by a 5-symbols alphanumerical code in which the first four symbols (numbers) describe the class and the fifth element (the letter) describes subclasses within a particular class.
Classification structure
2 (a)Please describe the structure of the classification: How many levels does the classification have? (Please provide labels, such as “Division”, “Class”) How many categories exist at each level?656 subclasses.
2 (b)Please provide examples of the coding system used at each level.NACE Rev.1 - PKD (Polish Classification of Activity).
Relationship to international standards
3 (a)Is this classification based on (or linked to) an international standard classification? If yes, please describe.Central Statistical Office of Poland (GUS).
3 (b)Is the classification structure identical to the international standard or, if not, how does it differ? (e.g. have additional levels been added to the international standard or have changes been made within the level of the international structure, such as aggregations or additional breakdowns)Monika Bieniek,
3 (c)Please describe deviations from the international standard (in terms of structure, methodology or application rules). Please use examples, if a general statement is not possible.The CSO (GUS) website : http://www.stat.gov.pl
3 (d)At what level of the international standard can data be reported for international comparison? (Please provide examples of programmes / indicators if reporting takes place at different levels of the classification.)Introduced by the Regulation of the Council of Ministers of Ocotber 7, 1997 (O.J. of Poland No. 128 of 22nd October 1997, item 829). Obligatory since January 1st, 1998 (up to December 31, 1999, together with the European Classification of Activity).
3 (e)If no links to international classifications exist or no international standard is used, please state if there are plans to use international norms in the future.The elaboration of the harmonized new version of the Polish Classification of Activity is planned for 2003. The publication is planned for 2003 and introduction for 2004. Polish Classification of Activity will be updated according to changes made in NACE Rev.1.1.
Classification uses
4 (a)Please state for which statistical purposes (surveys etc.) this classification is used and if there are users outside of the Statistical Office. Please indicate at which level the classification is used for data collection and for data publishing.Used for surveys on:
- international comparisons,
- aggregation of statistical data, compared with other countries,
- registering of economic units in REGON System.
4 (b)Please give the names of institutions that use the classification for non-statistical purposes (as opposed to statistical purposes in question 4(a)). Also indicate the kind of use (e.g. tax offices, social security, customs, enterprise register, employment services, work permits etc.)Data described in item 16 are collected.
4 (c)Please indicate if alternative classifications are used by other institutions of the economy. Are these classifications available and useful for the Statistical Office?Data published by sections:
- investment outlays and indices of investment outlays
- gross value and degree of consumption of fixed assets and indices of gross value of fixed assets
- entities of the national economy recorded in the REGON Register
- companies by legal status
- employees
Moreover, published by sections and divisions is following data:
- sold production of industry
- indices of sold production of industry
- price indices of sold production of industry
Implementation / revision status
5 (a)Please state the date of the official adoption of the classification. If not yet adopted, please indicate the current state (e.g. in development, sent for approval, in printing, ready to be distributed etc.)In Polish.
5 (b)Please state the date of use of the classification for individual statistical programmes.Yes
5 (c)Are there existing plans for revision or update of the current classification?Yes
5 (d)Name of former (previous) national classification (full name in both national tongue and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)- Explanatory notes
- Definitions of sections
- Methodology
5 (e)Please describe the link of the former classification to international classificationsProblems with interpretation.
5 (f)Please describe the structure of the former classification and indicate the number of items at each level of the classification. (similar to question 2(a))No
5 (g)Do conversion tables exist between the former and current classification?Used for:
- representing of the national economy structure from the social labour division point of view;
- comparison of dynamic series for the economical analysis of economic development needs;
- elaboration of national economy balance including integrated national accounts.

GUS uses PKD for registering enterprises.

5 (h)When was the former classification implemented?There are no such classifications.
5 (i)Are statistical data still collected or published according to the former classification? Please indicate if this statistical data is collected or published by the Statistical Office or elsewhere.Does not apply.
Supporting documents
6 (a)Have national explanatory notes and/or guidelines been elaborated?Europejska Klasyfikacja Działalności (EKD)-issue I and II
European Classification of Activity (ECA)
6 (b)Do correspondence tables exist between the national and the international classifications (if applicable)?The European Classification of Activity is the Polish version of NACE Rev.1 with further changes.
6 (c)Are correspondence tables between alternative and current classification available (if applicable)?- Issue I had the same levels as NACE Rev.1;
- Issue II, the fifth classification level has been introduced, it has been described by six-numerical code subclasses.
6 (d)Does a national coding index exist?Number of classes: 512.
Number of subclasses: 109
6 (e)Is the classification available in electronic form? If yes, in which formats is it available?(e.g. PDF, TXT, Excel, XML)EKD - issue II/PKD and PKD/EKD - issue II
6 (f)Are the correspondence tables or indexes available in electronic form?January 1st, 1991
Contact information
7 (a)Name of institution / office responsible for the development and maintenance of the classificationData are not published anymore.
7 (b)Contact address, phone number, e-mail or website for public information and inquiryPolish Classification of Activities (PCA).

Source: UN questionnaire, 4/1/2003