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National Classifications


Country / Area: Poland

Classification category: Product classifications

General information
1 (a)Name of the current national classification (full name in official national languages and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)Does not apply
1 (b)In which language(s) is the classification available?- The classification has its own national level of detail (8 and 9) – details see item 6,
- Definitions,
- Descriptions to divisions,

Developed methodological part

1 (c)Can the classification (or information about it) be accessed on the Internet? If yes, please provide the URL.PKWiU includes products groupings in the 9-level division with additional intermediate level.
For the first four levels of PKWiU, including intermediate level, the origin defined by NACE has been accepted (as in CPA) as a criterion of the products division. It causes that each product, either manufactured or being a service is subordinated to one and only one kind of activity belonging to defined section, subsection, division, group and class.
The division of products on these levels corresponds to the activity division accepted by NACE, which is represented by four-digit symbols (XX.XX) of PKWiU groupings, according to symbols in NACE.
On the fifth and sixth level (categories and sub-categories) the division of products defined on the same level as in CPA has been accepted in PKWiU, using five and six-digit symbols and names from the classification.
On the seventh level the PRODCOM List (list A) has been used as a basis for division.
The groupings on the eighth and ninth level (9 and 10-digits) were created only for national needs, to allow for:
- further disaggregation of statistical data collected by economic units and assigned to national statistics needs
- the improvement and unification of the economic units' source record
Classification structure
2 (a)Please describe the structure of the classification: How many levels does the classification have? (Please provide labels, such as “Division”, “Class”) How many categories exist at each level?Approximately 28,000 – 9th level (10-digits)
2 (b)Please provide examples of the coding system used at each level.PKWiU-CN/CPC-PRODCOM
Relationship to international standards
3 (a)Is this classification based on (or linked to) an international standard classification? If yes, please describe.Central Statistical Office (GUS)
3 (b)Is the classification structure identical to the international standard or, if not, how does it differ? (e.g. have additional levels been added to the international standard or have changes been made within the level of the international structure, such as aggregations or additional breakdowns)Monika Bieniek,
3 (c)Please describe deviations from the international standard (in terms of structure, methodology or application rules). Please use examples, if a general statement is not possible.GUS website: http://www.stat.gov.pl
3 (d)At what level of the international standard can data be reported for international comparison? (Please provide examples of programmes / indicators if reporting takes place at different levels of the classification.)Introduced by the Regulation of the Council of Ministers of March 18, 1997 (O.J. of Poland No. 42, item 264). Obligatory since July1st, 1997
3 (e)If no links to international classifications exist or no international standard is used, please state if there are plans to use international norms in the future.Elaboration and publication of new PKWiU version is planned for 2003. Introducing is scheduled for 2004. PKWiU will be updated basing on changes made in CPA 2002, with the consideration of users' needs.
Classification uses
4 (a)Please state for which statistical purposes (surveys etc.) this classification is used and if there are users outside of the Statistical Office. Please indicate at which level the classification is used for data collection and for data publishing.PKWiU was made for statistical needs as well as source register and it is a basis for:
- nomenclatures of derivative products and services making lists of groupings of products and services, chosen from PKWiU and used for reporting in production, sales, trade turnover, reserves, transport etc.
- organising economic entities in the form of material indices, product indices and similar registering devices
4 (b)Please give the names of institutions that use the classification for non-statistical purposes (as opposed to statistical purposes in question 4(a)). Also indicate the kind of use (e.g. tax offices, social security, customs, enterprise register, employment services, work permits etc.)Data referring to:
- prices of goods and services producers
- turnover of secondary raw materials
- production of industrial goods and services
- reserves
- retail prices of chosen group of products
- deliveries of fertilisers and feeding stuff for agriculture by production units and importers
- collecting of national reserves of mobilisation

The lowest level – 10 digits

4 (c)Please indicate if alternative classifications are used by other institutions of the economy. Are these classifications available and useful for the Statistical Office?Data referring to production of chosen group of products
Level – sections and divisions
Implementation / revision status
5 (a)Please state the date of the official adoption of the classification. If not yet adopted, please indicate the current state (e.g. in development, sent for approval, in printing, ready to be distributed etc.)In Polish
5 (b)Please state the date of use of the classification for individual statistical programmes.Yes
5 (c)Are there existing plans for revision or update of the current classification?No
5 (d)Name of former (previous) national classification (full name in both national tongue and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)Yes. This classification includes remarks explaining the classification, definitions of services, rules of classification and notes to divisions.
5 (e)Please describe the link of the former classification to international classificationsProblems with interpretation.
5 (f)Please describe the structure of the former classification and indicate the number of items at each level of the classification. (similar to question 2(a))No
5 (g)Do conversion tables exist between the former and current classification?The Ministry of Finance uses the classification for tax purposes.
5 (h)When was the former classification implemented?There are none.
5 (i)Are statistical data still collected or published according to the former classification? Please indicate if this statistical data is collected or published by the Statistical Office or elsewhere.It does not apply.
Supporting documents
6 (a)Have national explanatory notes and/or guidelines been elaborated?Klasyfikacja Wyrobów i Usług (KWiU)
Classification of Goods and Services (CGS)
6 (b)Do correspondence tables exist between the national and the international classifications (if applicable)?CPA (Central Product Classification)
6 (c)Are correspondence tables between alternative and current classification available (if applicable)?Structure identical with CPA
6 (d)Does a national coding index exist?2303
6 (e)Is the classification available in electronic form? If yes, in which formats is it available?(e.g. PDF, TXT, Excel, XML)There is no need to create correspondence tables, because classification PKWiU includes KWiU symbols. First 6 digits = KWiU = CPA
6 (f)Are the correspondence tables or indexes available in electronic form?Introduced by the Regulation of the CSO Chairman No 47 of December 29, 1993. Obligatory only as to the services. It came into force on July 1st, 1994
Contact information
7 (a)Name of institution / office responsible for the development and maintenance of the classificationThe data according to KU is not collected anymore.
7 (b)Contact address, phone number, e-mail or website for public information and inquiryPolish Classification of Goods and Services (PCGS)

Source: UN questionnaire, 4/1/2003