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National Classifications

(SEA 98)

Country / Area: Germany

Classification category: Expenditure classifications

General information
1 (a)Name of the current national classification (full name in official national languages and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)---
1 (b)In which language(s) is the classification available?SEA 98 consists of three parts:
1. Classification of income of private households (which is not part of COICOP)
2. Classification of individual consumption by purpose (which correspondents with COICOP)
3. Classification of expenditure of private households (which are not considered individual consumption and therefore not included in COICOP)
1 (c)Can the classification (or information about it) be accessed on the Internet? If yes, please provide the URL.In part 2 of SEA (Classification of individual consumption by purpose) the two-digit divisions, the three-digit groups and the four-digit classes of COICOP serve as basis of the classification structure of SEA. For the five-digit level the subclasses of Eurostat (concerning household budget surveys) are used. A six- and seven-digit level has been developed for national purposes.
Classification structure
2 (a)Please describe the structure of the classification: How many levels does the classification have? (Please provide labels, such as “Division”, “Class”) How many categories exist at each level?The classification of individual consumption by purpose (part 2 of SEA) includes 1062 items (seven-digits).
2 (b)Please provide examples of the coding system used at each level.COICOP is the basis of the national SEA.
Relationship to international standards
3 (a)Is this classification based on (or linked to) an international standard classification? If yes, please describe.Statistisches Bundesamt, Wiesbaden, Deutschland (Federal Statistical Office, Wiesbaden, Germany)
3 (b)Is the classification structure identical to the international standard or, if not, how does it differ? (e.g. have additional levels been added to the international standard or have changes been made within the level of the international structure, such as aggregations or additional breakdowns)Alois Macht, phone: 0049 611 75 2352,
e-mail: alois.macht@destatis.de
Ute Binder-Kleinegees, phone: 0049 611 75 3155
e-mail: ute.binder@destatis.de
3 (c)Please describe deviations from the international standard (in terms of structure, methodology or application rules). Please use examples, if a general statement is not possible.Alois Macht (see above)
Ute Binder-Kleinegees (see above)
3 (d)At what level of the international standard can data be reported for international comparison? (Please provide examples of programmes / indicators if reporting takes place at different levels of the classification.)1999 (Consumer Price Index)
3 (e)If no links to international classifications exist or no international standard is used, please state if there are plans to use international norms in the future.---
Classification uses
4 (a)Please state for which statistical purposes (surveys etc.) this classification is used and if there are users outside of the Statistical Office. Please indicate at which level the classification is used for data collection and for data publishing.National Accounts, Sample Survey of Income and Expenditure, Household Budget Surveys, Consumer Price Index, Purchasing Power Parities
4 (b)Please give the names of institutions that use the classification for non-statistical purposes (as opposed to statistical purposes in question 4(a)). Also indicate the kind of use (e.g. tax offices, social security, customs, enterprise register, employment services, work permits etc.)see above
4 (c)Please indicate if alternative classifications are used by other institutions of the economy. Are these classifications available and useful for the Statistical Office?see above
Implementation / revision status
5 (a)Please state the date of the official adoption of the classification. If not yet adopted, please indicate the current state (e.g. in development, sent for approval, in printing, ready to be distributed etc.)German
5 (b)Please state the date of use of the classification for individual statistical programmes.Yes
5 (c)Are there existing plans for revision or update of the current classification?Yes (see question number 8)
5 (d)Name of former (previous) national classification (full name in both national tongue and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)Yes
5 (e)Please describe the link of the former classification to international classifications---
5 (f)Please describe the structure of the former classification and indicate the number of items at each level of the classification. (similar to question 2(a))---
5 (g)Do conversion tables exist between the former and current classification?Not known
5 (h)When was the former classification implemented?---
5 (i)Are statistical data still collected or published according to the former classification? Please indicate if this statistical data is collected or published by the Statistical Office or elsewhere.---
Supporting documents
6 (a)Have national explanatory notes and/or guidelines been elaborated?Systematik der Einnahmen und Ausgaben der privaten Haushalte, Ausgabe 1983 (SEA 83)
Classification of income and expenditure of private households, edition 1983 (SEA 83)
6 (b)Do correspondence tables exist between the national and the international classifications (if applicable)?Reference to the Eurostat "Classification of expenditure and consumption of private households"
6 (c)Are correspondence tables between alternative and current classification available (if applicable)?Part 2 of SEA 83 included the "classification of products for private consumption". This classification consisted of 8 major groups (1-digit), 56 groups (2-digit), 274 classes (3-digit) and 901 categories (4-digit)
6 (d)Does a national coding index exist?901
6 (e)Is the classification available in electronic form? If yes, in which formats is it available?(e.g. PDF, TXT, Excel, XML)Yes
6 (f)Are the correspondence tables or indexes available in electronic form?1983
Contact information
7 (a)Name of institution / office responsible for the development and maintenance of the classification---
7 (b)Contact address, phone number, e-mail or website for public information and inquiryClassification of income and expenditure of private households, edition 1998 (SEA 98)

Source: UN questionnaire, 4/1/2003