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National Classifications

(CPA 2002)

Country / Area: Finland

Classification category: Product classifications

General information
1 (a)Name of the current national classification (full name in official national languages and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)-
1 (b)In which language(s) is the classification available?-
1 (c)Can the classification (or information about it) be accessed on the Internet? If yes, please provide the URL.5 levels (6-digit codes).
Classification structure
2 (a)Please describe the structure of the classification: How many levels does the classification have? (Please provide labels, such as “Division”, “Class”) How many categories exist at each level?..
2 (b)Please provide examples of the coding system used at each level.(The correspondence tables made by Eurostat)
Relationship to international standards
3 (a)Is this classification based on (or linked to) an international standard classification? If yes, please describe.Statistics Finland
3 (b)Is the classification structure identical to the international standard or, if not, how does it differ? (e.g. have additional levels been added to the international standard or have changes been made within the level of the international structure, such as aggregations or additional breakdowns)Riitta Poukka, Tel. +358 9 1734 2271,
3 (c)Please describe deviations from the international standard (in terms of structure, methodology or application rules). Please use examples, if a general statement is not possible.http://www.stat.fi, luokitukset.tilastokeskus@tilastokeskus.fi
3 (d)At what level of the international standard can data be reported for international comparison? (Please provide examples of programmes / indicators if reporting takes place at different levels of the classification.)Tuoteluokitus - CPA 2002 is planned to be published as an handbook of Statistics Finland, in .pdf form later this year. It is in use from the beginning of 2003 to transmit information e.g. to Eurostat. The CPA (the previous version) is used since 1996. The CPA is translated into Finnish by Eurostat. The Finnish version can be downloded from the Eurostat classification server, Ramon, and delivered to users this way.
3 (e)If no links to international classifications exist or no international standard is used, please state if there are plans to use international norms in the future.For the present there are no plans for improvement of CPA nationally.
Classification uses
4 (a)Please state for which statistical purposes (surveys etc.) this classification is used and if there are users outside of the Statistical Office. Please indicate at which level the classification is used for data collection and for data publishing.Main users are experts in Statistics Finland. Use outside the NSI is limited.
4 (b)Please give the names of institutions that use the classification for non-statistical purposes (as opposed to statistical purposes in question 4(a)). Also indicate the kind of use (e.g. tax offices, social security, customs, enterprise register, employment services, work permits etc.)The CPA as such is not used as a primary classification for collecting statistical data.
4 (c)Please indicate if alternative classifications are used by other institutions of the economy. Are these classifications available and useful for the Statistical Office?Not used as primary classification when publishing statistical information.
Implementation / revision status
5 (a)Please state the date of the official adoption of the classification. If not yet adopted, please indicate the current state (e.g. in development, sent for approval, in printing, ready to be distributed etc.)In languages of all EU member countries (translated by Eurostat).
5 (b)Please state the date of use of the classification for individual statistical programmes.Yes
5 (c)Are there existing plans for revision or update of the current classification?Yes
5 (d)Name of former (previous) national classification (full name in both national tongue and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)No
5 (e)Please describe the link of the former classification to international classificationsThere is no remarkable or widespread discontent. Some wishes could be mentioned:
- Products related to agricultural activieties are wished to be classified closer in the same way as by European typology (Classification of agricultural holdings by type of farming).
- Extraction and agglomeration of peat should not be treated as a part of mining because processes are totally different. Additionally, peat is used for other purposes than to produce energy, too, and can be characterized as slowly renewable natural resource.
- Fur farming, reindeer farming, river and lake fishing are northern activities; not identified by a product classification.
(See also comments regarding the activity classification.)
5 (g)Do conversion tables exist between the former and current classification?The CPA may be used as an additional or parallel classification by some enterprises and organizations, but not widely.
5 (h)When was the former classification implemented?Different kinds of specialized product classifications created by trade associations and commercial organizations.
Not used by Statistics Finland.
5 (i)Are statistical data still collected or published according to the former classification? Please indicate if this statistical data is collected or published by the Statistical Office or elsewhere.No
Supporting documents
6 (a)Have national explanatory notes and/or guidelines been elaborated?Statistical Classification of Products by Activity in the European Economic Community, 1996 version (CPA)
6 (b)Do correspondence tables exist between the national and the international classifications (if applicable)?There are conversion tables between CPA, CPC and HS
6 (c)Are correspondence tables between alternative and current classification available (if applicable)?5 levels (6-digit codes)
6 (d)Does a national coding index exist?..
6 (e)Is the classification available in electronic form? If yes, in which formats is it available?(e.g. PDF, TXT, Excel, XML)Yes
6 (f)Are the correspondence tables or indexes available in electronic form?June of 1998
Contact information
7 (a)Name of institution / office responsible for the development and maintenance of the classificationNone.
No information.
7 (b)Contact address, phone number, e-mail or website for public information and inquiryStatistical Classification of Products by Activity in the European Economic Community, 2002 version (CPA 2002).

Source: UN questionnaire, 4/1/2003