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National Classifications

(TOL 2002)

Country / Area: Finland

Classification category: Activity classifications

General information
1 (a)Name of the current national classification (full name in official national languages and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)-
1 (b)In which language(s) is the classification available?5-digit level added to Finnish classification to meet national needs
When Finland joined the European Union and adopted the new national Standard Industrial Classification (TOL 1995) based on the Community classification of economic activities, agreement was reached on the deviations below. These deviations are included in TOL 2002 as well.
1) Classes 5147, Wholesale of other household goods, and 5248, Other retail sale in specialized stores, are divided into more than nine 5-digit Sub-classes (51471-51489, 52482-52499). This means that they also occupy the 4-digit codes 5148 and 5249.
2) The classification has been extended by adding the categories X, 99, 999, 9999 and 99999 Industry unknown. Extra-territorial organisations and bodies have therefore been given the codes Q, 98, 980, 9800 and 98000 (in NACE Q, 99, 990 and 9900).
3) In addition to the above, since 2000, generation of electricity for the use of an industrial plant solely is classified by the activity of the plant. The same procedure is valid for coking, too.
1 (c)Can the classification (or information about it) be accessed on the Internet? If yes, please provide the URL.Structure and code system conform with NACE Rev.1.1 down to the 4-digit level with exceptions shown above
Classification structure
2 (a)Please describe the structure of the classification: How many levels does the classification have? (Please provide labels, such as “Division”, “Class”) How many categories exist at each level?719 (the 5-digit level)
2 (b)Please provide examples of the coding system used at each level.-
Relationship to international standards
3 (a)Is this classification based on (or linked to) an international standard classification? If yes, please describe.Statistics Finland
3 (b)Is the classification structure identical to the international standard or, if not, how does it differ? (e.g. have additional levels been added to the international standard or have changes been made within the level of the international structure, such as aggregations or additional breakdowns)Riitta Poukka,
Tel: +358 9 17341
3 (c)Please describe deviations from the international standard (in terms of structure, methodology or application rules). Please use examples, if a general statement is not possible.http://www.stat.fi,
3 (d)At what level of the international standard can data be reported for international comparison? (Please provide examples of programmes / indicators if reporting takes place at different levels of the classification.)Standard Industrial Classification TOL 2002 published as handbook for Statistics Finland in September 2002, implementation date from the beginning of 2003.
3 (e)If no links to international classifications exist or no international standard is used, please state if there are plans to use international norms in the future.Next TOL revision is going to follow the revision of the NACE in 2007.
Classification uses
4 (a)Please state for which statistical purposes (surveys etc.) this classification is used and if there are users outside of the Statistical Office. Please indicate at which level the classification is used for data collection and for data publishing.All statistics describing activities of a person or enterprise either by Statistics Finland or other organisations producing statistics for common use.
4 (b)Please give the names of institutions that use the classification for non-statistical purposes (as opposed to statistical purposes in question 4(a)). Also indicate the kind of use (e.g. tax offices, social security, customs, enterprise register, employment services, work permits etc.)All data coded according to the TOL 2002. Most detailed levels (4-5 digit) principally incorporated into data consisting of whole population or business samplings from business register. Surveys of hundreds of observations possibly coded at 1-3 digit.
4 (c)Please indicate if alternative classifications are used by other institutions of the economy. Are these classifications available and useful for the Statistical Office?The main principle is that all statistical data will be published according to the TOL 2002 from the beginning of 2003.
Most detailed level (5-digit) is used in population and business censuses, in structural statistics of manufacture as well as in many surveys related to a certain industrial branch. 1-3 digit levels are mainly used in indices and yearly statistics.
Implementation / revision status
5 (a)Please state the date of the official adoption of the classification. If not yet adopted, please indicate the current state (e.g. in development, sent for approval, in printing, ready to be distributed etc.)in Finnish, in Swedish
5 (b)Please state the date of use of the classification for individual statistical programmes.Yes
5 (c)Are there existing plans for revision or update of the current classification?Yes (not yet available).
5 (d)Name of former (previous) national classification (full name in both national tongue and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)Yes, in Finnish only.
5 (e)Please describe the link of the former classification to international classifications- Services in general, especially information activities and telecommunication, technical consultation, leisure time activities, bundled services, etc.
- Construction, especially complete plants.
- Mixed farming: Growing of crops and /or Farming of animals combined with Forestry.
- Residual classes of manufacture and services.
5 (f)Please describe the structure of the former classification and indicate the number of items at each level of the classification. (similar to question 2(a))Major improvements will be prepared in line with Eurostat in connection of the ISIC / NACE revisions in 2007.
5 (g)Do conversion tables exist between the former and current classification?The TOL 2002 is used as standard classification in the registers and applications of the public sector (e.g. tax registers, pension systems, registers of labour, customs, municipalities, etc.). It is widely used in registers and applications of the private sector enteprises as well.
5 (h)When was the former classification implemented?There are several other classifications used by particular trade associations. These classifications are created for special use of a certain (European) industrial branch and normally cover only 1-2 sections of the ISIC / NACE. The classifications cannot be used in normal statistical processes, while trade associations may express relevant views and proposals to improve the standard classifications in many cases.
5 (i)Are statistical data still collected or published according to the former classification? Please indicate if this statistical data is collected or published by the Statistical Office or elsewhere.No
Supporting documents
6 (a)Have national explanatory notes and/or guidelines been elaborated?Toimialaluokitus (TOL) 1995 - Näringsgrensindelningen 1995, Standard industrial classification (SIC) 1995
6 (b)Do correspondence tables exist between the national and the international classifications (if applicable)?It is a national version of the corresponding European classification (NACE) and the corresponding global classification (ISIC).
6 (c)Are correspondence tables between alternative and current classification available (if applicable)?5 (1-5 digit)
6 (d)Does a national coding index exist?697
6 (e)Is the classification available in electronic form? If yes, in which formats is it available?(e.g. PDF, TXT, Excel, XML)Yes, from former to current.
6 (f)Are the correspondence tables or indexes available in electronic form?Standard Industrial Classification 1995 published as handbook for Statistics Finland in June 1993, implementation date varied from 1993-1997, adapted by most statistics from beginning of 1995
Contact information
7 (a)Name of institution / office responsible for the development and maintenance of the classificationStatistical data can be published by the former classification only under the period of transition.
7 (b)Contact address, phone number, e-mail or website for public information and inquiryStandard Industrial Classification TOL 2002

Source: UN questionnaire, 4/1/2003