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National Classifications


Country / Area: Finland

Classification category: Expenditure classifications

General information
1 (b)In which language(s) is the classification available?There are two modifications of the national version of COICOP: one for Consumer Price Index (CPI) and the other for Household Budget Survey (HBS). Both include 12 divisions instead of 14; divisions 13 and 14 are excluded.
1 (c)Can the classification (or information about it) be accessed on the Internet? If yes, please provide the URL.The structure follows the international standard while the more levels are added to national versions. There are:
- 5-6 levels in publications (most detailed items)
- 7-8 levels in data gathering
Classification structure
2 (a)Please describe the structure of the classification: How many levels does the classification have? (Please provide labels, such as “Division”, “Class”) How many categories exist at each level?About 700 in both.
2 (b)Please provide examples of the coding system used at each level.
Relationship to international standards
3 (a)Is this classification based on (or linked to) an international standard classification? If yes, please describe.Statistics Finland
3 (b)Is the classification structure identical to the international standard or, if not, how does it differ? (e.g. have additional levels been added to the international standard or have changes been made within the level of the international structure, such as aggregations or additional breakdowns)For COICOP of the HBS:
Airi Pajunen,
Tel: +358 9 17343408,
For COICOP of the CPI:
Timo Koskimäki,
Tel: +358 9 1734 3479,
For COICOP of national accounts:
Olli Pirinen,
Tel: +358 9 1734 3365,
3 (c)Please describe deviations from the international standard (in terms of structure, methodology or application rules). Please use examples, if a general statement is not possible.Statistics Finland,
Tel: +358 9 17341,
http://www.stat.fi ,
3 (d)At what level of the international standard can data be reported for international comparison? (Please provide examples of programmes / indicators if reporting takes place at different levels of the classification.)The COICOP classification (revised version of the SNA 1993) was implemented by national accounts in 1998. The national COICOP versions of the HBS and CPI were implemented in 1999 and 2000.
3 (e)If no links to international classifications exist or no international standard is used, please state if there are plans to use international norms in the future.-
Classification uses
4 (a)Please state for which statistical purposes (surveys etc.) this classification is used and if there are users outside of the Statistical Office. Please indicate at which level the classification is used for data collection and for data publishing.National Accounts, Household Budget Survey, Consumer Price index.
COICOP is not in common use outside of the NSI. However, it is applied to many researches monitoring consumption, nutrition, commodities, etc.
4 (b)Please give the names of institutions that use the classification for non-statistical purposes (as opposed to statistical purposes in question 4(a)). Also indicate the kind of use (e.g. tax offices, social security, customs, enterprise register, employment services, work permits etc.)Household Budget Survey, Consumer Price index
4 (c)Please indicate if alternative classifications are used by other institutions of the economy. Are these classifications available and useful for the Statistical Office?Household Budget Survey, Consumer Price index (see Q6); National Accounts only at 5-digit level
Implementation / revision status
5 (a)Please state the date of the official adoption of the classification. If not yet adopted, please indicate the current state (e.g. in development, sent for approval, in printing, ready to be distributed etc.)In Finnish
5 (b)Please state the date of use of the classification for individual statistical programmes.Yes
5 (c)Are there existing plans for revision or update of the current classification?-
5 (d)Name of former (previous) national classification (full name in both national tongue and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)Yes
5 (g)Do conversion tables exist between the former and current classification?Universities, Commercial associations, National Pensions Office (nutritional researches)
5 (h)When was the former classification implemented?-
5 (i)Are statistical data still collected or published according to the former classification? Please indicate if this statistical data is collected or published by the Statistical Office or elsewhere.-
Supporting documents
6 (a)Have national explanatory notes and/or guidelines been elaborated?Kotitaloustavaroiden ja palvelusten luokitus
Klassificering av hushållsvaror och -tjänster
Classification of Household Goods and Services
6 (b)Do correspondence tables exist between the national and the international classifications (if applicable)?Follows the structure and principles of the SNA 1968
6 (c)Are correspondence tables between alternative and current classification available (if applicable)?5
6 (d)Does a national coding index exist?300-400
6 (e)Is the classification available in electronic form? If yes, in which formats is it available?(e.g. PDF, TXT, Excel, XML)A rough one exists; not at the most detailed level.
6 (f)Are the correspondence tables or indexes available in electronic form?In national accounts in 1970’s and in household budget surveys in 1976. A handbook was published in 1982.
Contact information
7 (a)Name of institution / office responsible for the development and maintenance of the classification-
7 (b)Contact address, phone number, e-mail or website for public information and inquiryClassification of Individual Consumption According to Purpose (COICOP)

Source: UN questionnaire, 4/1/2003