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National Classifications

Country / Area: China

Classification category: Activity classifications

General information
1 (a)Name of the current national classification (full name in official national languages and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given) 
1 (b)In which language(s) is the classification available?(1) There are slightly differences between Chinese Industrial Classification and ISIC. The Chinese one takes the factors of sectoral administration into considerations as well as the nature of economic activities. For instance, "Logging and Related Service Activities" is classified in the section of "Mining" in China, while it is classified in division "Forestry" in ISIC. Moreover, the mining and agglomeration of coal are put together into one division in ISIC, but they are put separately into different classes in China because they belong to different administrative organs.

(2) NBS of China does not provide individual categories for those activities that are not existed or still undeveloped or not considered as important to the economy as a whole even though they are classified into certain divisions in ISIC. For instance, "Extra-Territorial Organization and Bodies" is an individual section in ISIC, but it is not shown separately in Chinese classification. On the contrary, some categories such as "geological prospecting and water conservancy" and "scientific research and polytechnic services" which are regarded as independent sections in Chinese classification. But they are not listed separately in ISIC.

Some of the difference vanished in the revised edition of 2002. For example we classified the "Logging and Related Service Activities" from "Mining" to "Forestry".

1 (c)Can the classification (or information about it) be accessed on the Internet? If yes, please provide the URL.We have not added any levels compared with ISIC, but the Chinese classification is more detailed than it. The structure is similar to ISIC, it has four levels.
Classification structure
2 (a)Please describe the structure of the classification: How many levels does the classification have? (Please provide labels, such as “Division”, “Class”) How many categories exist at each level?846 classes at the four digital level.
2 (b)Please provide examples of the coding system used at each level.No in the current classification, we will have in the second revised edition.
Relationship to international standards
3 (a)Is this classification based on (or linked to) an international standard classification? If yes, please describe.Statistical Standards Division,
Department of Statistical Design and Management
No. 75 Yuetan Nanjie, Sanlihe, Beijing
Post code :100826

Tel : +86-10-6857 3311 ext. 87071
Fax: +86-10-6857 6354 [Department of International cooperation]
Website: http://www.stats.gov.cn

3 (b)Is the classification structure identical to the international standard or, if not, how does it differ? (e.g. have additional levels been added to the international standard or have changes been made within the level of the international structure, such as aggregations or additional breakdowns)Jia Nan Jianan@stats.gov.cn
Deng Shangjie dsj@stats.gov.cn

Tel: +86-10-6857 3311 ext. 87071

3 (c)Please describe deviations from the international standard (in terms of structure, methodology or application rules). Please use examples, if a general statement is not possible.International Statistical Information Center
National Bureau of Statistics of China
No. 75 Yuetan Nanjie, Sanlihe, Beijing
Tel : 086 10 63449293
Fax: 086 10 6340 1410
Website: http://www.stats.gov.cn
3 (d)At what level of the international standard can data be reported for international comparison? (Please provide examples of programmes / indicators if reporting takes place at different levels of the classification.)Implemented in 1994.
The date of the first official adoption is in 1984.
We expect the new edition will be in use at the end of year 2002.
3 (e)If no links to international classifications exist or no international standard is used, please state if there are plans to use international norms in the future.- We have completed the second revised edition of the industrial classification, we expect to be released at May 2002 and takes effect at the end of this year.
- Develop a product classification on the basis of the new edition.
Classification uses
4 (a)Please state for which statistical purposes (surveys etc.) this classification is used and if there are users outside of the Statistical Office. Please indicate at which level the classification is used for data collection and for data publishing.It is commonly used in national surveys (including basic unit census, industrial census, agricultural census, tertiary industry census, and population census, etc.), sectoral statistical investigation of the various ministries.
4 (b)Please give the names of institutions that use the classification for non-statistical purposes (as opposed to statistical purposes in question 4(a)). Also indicate the kind of use (e.g. tax offices, social security, customs, enterprise register, employment services, work permits etc.)Generally speaking, it is usually used at the most detailed level in various census and annual reports of NBS. However, it is used at the section or division levels in the monthly and quarterly statistical data collection
4 (c)Please indicate if alternative classifications are used by other institutions of the economy. Are these classifications available and useful for the Statistical Office?Statistical data published in various census and annual survey is commonly at the most detailed level, and the census data is more detailed.
The monthly surveys data or others are commonly published at higher level.
Implementation / revision status
5 (a)Please state the date of the official adoption of the classification. If not yet adopted, please indicate the current state (e.g. in development, sent for approval, in printing, ready to be distributed etc.)Chinese
5 (b)Please state the date of use of the classification for individual statistical programmes.Yes, it can be available at the NBS’ web.
5 (c)Are there existing plans for revision or update of the current classification?Not at present. We will have in the new edition.
5 (d)Name of former (previous) national classification (full name in both national tongue and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)Only have simple explanatory notes and recommendations in the current classification.
The detailed explanatory notes and recommendations have been developed for the new edition (revision 2).
5 (e)Please describe the link of the former classification to international classifications(1)The current classification does not have much details. Except Mining, Manufacturing, Electricity, Gas and Water Supply, the others are too rough (aggregated) to classify some activities, especially service.
(2) The national explanatory notes for classification is too simple.

All the problems listed above will be solved in the new edition.

5 (f)Please describe the structure of the former classification and indicate the number of items at each level of the classification. (similar to question 2(a))1) Publish the four functional classifications in Chinese as early as possible.
5 (g)Do conversion tables exist between the former and current classification?The main users are:
National Development Planning Commission,
National Economic & Trade Commission,
National Administration for Industry and Commerce (enterprise registry),
Ministry of Human Resources,
Ministry of Protection of Labor & Social Insurance,
State Administration of Taxation of PRC, etc.
Ministry of finance
5 (h)When was the former classification implemented?No
5 (i)Are statistical data still collected or published according to the former classification? Please indicate if this statistical data is collected or published by the Statistical Office or elsewhere.No
Supporting documents
6 (a)Have national explanatory notes and/or guidelines been elaborated?国民经济行业分类与代码
Industrial Classification and Codes for National Economic Activities (1984 released)
The title is the same as that of 1994.
6 (b)Do correspondence tables exist between the national and the international classifications (if applicable)?In reference to ISIC when first established in 1984.
6 (c)Are correspondence tables between alternative and current classification available (if applicable)?Four levels.
6 (d)Does a national coding index exist?668 items.
6 (e)Is the classification available in electronic form? If yes, in which formats is it available?(e.g. PDF, TXT, Excel, XML)No, but there is a table attached to it as comparison between former and current classification.
We will have conversion table between new and current classification in new edition.
6 (f)Are the correspondence tables or indexes available in electronic form?1984
Contact information
7 (a)Name of institution / office responsible for the development and maintenance of the classificationSame as the current classification.
7 (b)Contact address, phone number, e-mail or website for public information and inquiryIndustrial Classification and Codes for National Economic Activities

Source: UN questionnaire, 5/28/2002