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National Classifications

Foglalkozások Egységes Osztályozási Rendszere

Country / Area: Hungary

Classification category: Occupation classifications

General information
1 (a)Name of the current national classification (full name in official national languages and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)Foglalkozások Egységes Osztályozási Rendszere - FEOR-08
1 (b)In which language(s) is the classification available?Structure is available in English and in Hungarian, the explanatory notes and alphabetical index are available only in Hungarian.
1 (c)Can the classification (or information about it) be accessed on the Internet? If yes, please provide the URL.http://www.ksh.hu/apps/meta.objektum?p_lang=EN&p_menu_id=320&p_ot_id=300&p_obj_id=0571&p_session_id=62433579
Classification structure
2 (a)Please describe the structure of the classification: How many levels does the classification have? (Please provide labels, such as “Division”, “Class”) How many categories exist at each level?First level: 10 major groups (főcsoport)
Second level: 42 sub-major groups (csoport)
Third level: 116 minor groups (alcsoport)
Fourth level: 485 unit groups (foglalkozás)
2 (b)Please provide examples of the coding system used at each level.1 MANAGERS
11 Chief executives, senior officials and legislators
111 Legislator and senior officials
1110 Legislator and senior officials
112 Heads of national and regional public administration and jurisdiction
1121 Head of national and regional public administration and jurisdiction
1122 Elected head of local government
1123 Appointed head of local government
113 Senior officials of national and regional special -interest organisations
1131 Senior official of national and regional special -interest organisations
1132 Religious leader
12 Managing directors and chief executives of business organisations and budgetary institutions
121 Managing directors and chief executives of business organisations and budgetary institutions
1210 Managing director and chief executive of business organisations and budgetary institutions etc.
Relationship to international standards
3 (a)Is this classification based on (or linked to) an international standard classification? If yes, please describe.The Hungarian system adopted the principles and concepts of the international system (ISCO-08). Nevertheless, our national classification should reflect the structure of the national labour market. Thus, there are details in the Hungarian classification which deviate from the ISCO–08 to a certain extent.
3 (b)Is the classification structure identical to the international standard or, if not, how does it differ? (e.g. have additional levels been added to the international standard or have changes been made within the level of the international structure, such as aggregations or additional breakdowns)The structure of the national system is identical to that of ISCO-08, but there are differences already at the second level.
3 (c)Please describe deviations from the international standard (in terms of structure, methodology or application rules). Please use examples, if a general statement is not possible.Occupations not existing in Hungary:
1113 Traditional chiefs and heads of village
2240 Paramedical practitioners
3141 Life science technicians (excluding medical)
4414 Scribes and related workers
6310 Subsistence crop farmers
6320 Subsistence livestock farmers
6330 Subsistence mixed crop and livestock farmers
6340 Subsistence fishers, hunters, trappers and gatherers
7111 House builders
8159 Textile, fur and leather products machine operators not elsewhere classified
9622 Odd job persons
9624 Water and firewood collectors

41 unit groups of the HSCO-08 don’t have (direct) equivalent in the ISCO-08 and
74 unit groups of the ISCO-08 don’t have (direct) equivalent in the HSCO-08.

3 (d)At what level of the international standard can data be reported for international comparison? (Please provide examples of programmes / indicators if reporting takes place at different levels of the classification.)Since for unit groups not having clear counterpart in the ISCO-08 the correspondence table was elaborated at more detailed job level, the international comparison is provided at unit group level, if it is needed.
3 (e)If no links to international classifications exist or no international standard is used, please state if there are plans to use international norms in the future. -
Classification uses
4 (a)Please state for which statistical purposes (surveys etc.) this classification is used and if there are users outside of the Statistical Office. Please indicate at which level the classification is used for data collection and for data publishing.Most data are collected and published on 4 digit.
Statistics on employment, wages and salaries; socio-economic statistics:
• Census,
• Microcensus,
• Statistics on employees subject,
• Labour force survey (LFS),
• Statistics on vocational schools,
• Statistics on vocational training,
• Structure of earnings statistics (SES),
• Statistics on income and living conditions (SILC),
• Time use survey
4 (b)Please give the names of institutions that use the classification for non-statistical purposes (as opposed to statistical purposes in question 4(a)). Also indicate the kind of use (e.g. tax offices, social security, customs, enterprise register, employment services, work permits etc.)1. Employment Agency used for placement services, occupational counselling,
2. it is used in personnel management systems of enterprises,
3. institutes that provide information to help students in their choice of career by means of occupation guides,
4 (c)Please indicate if alternative classifications are used by other institutions of the economy. Are these classifications available and useful for the Statistical Office?Alternative classifications are not used.
Implementation / revision status
5 (a)Please state the date of the official adoption of the classification. If not yet adopted, please indicate the current state (e.g. in development, sent for approval, in printing, ready to be distributed etc.)Accepted on 23rd April 2010.
5 (b)Please state the date of use of the classification for individual statistical programmes.Came into force on 1st January 2011.
5 (c)Are there existing plans for revision or update of the current classification?Updating of the definition of occupations is in process. Besides, the job title list will be probably expanded using results of population census.
5 (d)Name of former (previous) national classification (full name in both national tongue and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)Foglalkozások Egységes Osztályozási Rendszere - FEOR-93
5 (e)Please describe the link of the former classification to international classificationsRegarding the structure, it was identical to the new one (and ISCO-88), but it was less aligned to the former ISCO. Correspondence table was elaborated in order to assure the international comparison.
5 (f)Please describe the structure of the former classification and indicate the number of items at each level of the classification. (similar to question 2(a))First level: 10 major groups
Second level: 42 sub-major groups
Third level: 136 minor groups
Fourth level: 632 unit groups.
5 (g)Do conversion tables exist between the former and current classification?Yes, it is available at the following link http://www.ksh.hu/docs/szolgaltatasok/hun/feor08/pdf/modszertan_forditokulcs_2011-01-10.pdf
5 (h)When was the former classification implemented?In 1993 (it was revised in 1996, some occupations were deleted; the new version came into force in 1st January 1997.)
5 (i)Are statistical data still collected or published according to the former classification? Please indicate if this statistical data is collected or published by the Statistical Office or elsewhere.No
Supporting documents
6 (a)Have national explanatory notes and/or guidelines been elaborated?Yes, they are available on the internet.
6 (b)Do correspondence tables exist between the national and the international classifications (if applicable)?Yes
6 (c)Are correspondence tables between alternative and current classification available (if applicable)?There is no alternative classification.
6 (d)Does a national coding index exist?Yes, containing cca. 7000 job titles.
6 (e)Is the classification available in electronic form? If yes, in which formats is it available?(e.g. PDF, TXT, Excel, XML)Yes, structure in pdf, html and xls; the explanatory notes only in html format.
6 (f)Are the correspondence tables or indexes available in electronic form?Yes, http://www.ksh.hu/osztalyozasok_feor_menu
Contact information
7 (a)Name of institution / office responsible for the development and maintenance of the classificationHungarian Central Statistical Office (HSCO)
7 (b)Contact address, phone number, e-mail or website for public information and inquiryHungarian Central Statistical Office (HSCO)
H-1024 Budapest, Keleti Károly Str. 5–7.,
Other comments
9 (a)Please provide any other information on this classification that you consider relevant -

Source: UN questionnaire, 9/25/2013