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National Classifications

Classification of Individual Consumption According to Purpose

Country / Area: Malaysia

Classification category: Expenditure classifications

General information
1 (a)Name of the current national classification (full name in official national languages and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)Classification of Individual Consumption According to Purpose (COICOP) - extended to six digits level for Household Expenditure Survey purpose.
1 (b)In which language(s) is the classification available?Bahasa Malaysia and English
1 (c)Can the classification (or information about it) be accessed on the Internet? If yes, please provide the URL.http://www.statistics.gov.my/portal/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1492&Itemid=99&lang=en
Classification structure
2 (a)Please describe the structure of the classification: How many levels does the classification have? (Please provide labels, such as “Division”, “Class”) How many categories exist at each level?Classification consists of 4 levels:
2D: Main Group - 12 Categories
3D: Sub-group level - 54 categories level
4D: Expenditure class level - 142 categories level
6D: Item Specifications level - Approximately 1257 items
2 (b)Please provide examples of the coding system used at each level.Main group 2D: eg: 01 (Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages)
Sub group level 3D: eg:011 (Rice, Bread and Other Cereals)
Expenditure class level 4D: eg: 0111 (Rice)
Item Specifications level 6D: eg: 011101 (Local Rice)
Relationship to international standards
3 (a)Is this classification based on (or linked to) an international standard classification? If yes, please describe.Yes. All levels except for 6D level
3 (b)Is the classification structure identical to the international standard or, if not, how does it differ? (e.g. have additional levels been added to the international standard or have changes been made within the level of the international structure, such as aggregations or additional breakdowns)Yes. Classification structure is identical to the international standard.
3 (c)Please describe deviations from the international standard (in terms of structure, methodology or application rules). Please use examples, if a general statement is not possible.N/A
3 (d)At what level of the international standard can data be reported for international comparison? (Please provide examples of programmes / indicators if reporting takes place at different levels of the classification.)Until 4 Digits level
3 (e)If no links to international classifications exist or no international standard is used, please state if there are plans to use international norms in the future.N/A
Classification uses
4 (a)Please state for which statistical purposes (surveys etc.) this classification is used and if there are users outside of the Statistical Office. Please indicate at which level the classification is used for data collection and for data publishing.Household Expenditure Survey (HES) and Consumer Price Index (CPI). For data collection, the classification will be at 6D level whereas for publication purposes, 4D level for HES and 2D,3D,4D level for CPI.
4 (b)Please give the names of institutions that use the classification for non-statistical purposes (as opposed to statistical purposes in question 4(a)). Also indicate the kind of use (e.g. tax offices, social security, customs, enterprise register, employment services, work permits etc.)N/A
4 (c)Please indicate if alternative classifications are used by other institutions of the economy. Are these classifications available and useful for the Statistical Office?N/A
Implementation / revision status
5 (a)Please state the date of the official adoption of the classification. If not yet adopted, please indicate the current state (e.g. in development, sent for approval, in printing, ready to be distributed etc.)2004
5 (b)Please state the date of use of the classification for individual statistical programmes. -
5 (c)Are there existing plans for revision or update of the current classification?N/A
5 (d)Name of former (previous) national classification (full name in both national tongue and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)1998 Consumption of Household Goods and Services (CHGS)
5 (e)Please describe the link of the former classification to international classificationsAt 1D, 2D and 3D level.
5 (f)Please describe the structure of the former classification and indicate the number of items at each level of the classification. (similar to question 2(a))Classification consists of 4 levels:
1D: Main Group - 9 Categories
2D: Sub-group level - 86 categories level
3D: Expenditure class level - 131 categories level
5D: Item Specifications level - Approximately 1041 items
5 (g)Do conversion tables exist between the former and current classification?Yes, at specific level. Converted from 5D to 6D level.
5 (h)When was the former classification implemented?When the 1998 CHGS existed.
5 (i)Are statistical data still collected or published according to the former classification? Please indicate if this statistical data is collected or published by the Statistical Office or elsewhere.No
Supporting documents
6 (a)Have national explanatory notes and/or guidelines been elaborated? -
6 (b)Do correspondence tables exist between the national and the international classifications (if applicable)? -
6 (c)Are correspondence tables between alternative and current classification available (if applicable)? -
6 (d)Does a national coding index exist? -
6 (e)Is the classification available in electronic form? If yes, in which formats is it available?(e.g. PDF, TXT, Excel, XML)ASP File
6 (f)Are the correspondence tables or indexes available in electronic form? 
Contact information
7 (a)Name of institution / office responsible for the development and maintenance of the classificationPrices, Income and Expenditure Statistics Division, Department of Statistics Malaysia
7 (b)Contact address, phone number, e-mail or website for public information and inquiryDepartment of Statistics Malaysia,
Prices, Income and Expenditure Statistics Division,
Block C6, Complex C,
Federal Government Administrative Centre,
62514 Putrajaya,Malaysia.
Tel : 03-8888 7000
Fax : 03-8888
Other comments
9 (a)Please provide any other information on this classification that you consider relevantNo

Source: UN questionnaire, 9/24/2013