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National Classifications

การจัดประเภทมาตรฐานอาชีพ (ประเทศไทย)
(TSCO 2001)

Country / Area: Thailand

Classification category: Occupation classifications

General information
1 (a)Name of the current national classification (full name in official national languages and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)การจัดประเภทมาตรฐานอาชีพ (ประเทศไทย) ปี 2544. Thailand Standard Classification of Occupation (TSCO 2001)
1 (b)In which language(s) is the classification available?Thai language
1 (c)Can the classification (or information about it) be accessed on the Internet? If yes, please provide the URL.www.doe.go.th/vgnew
Classification structure
2 (a)Please describe the structure of the classification: How many levels does the classification have? (Please provide labels, such as “Division”, “Class”) How many categories exist at each level?The names given to the categories at the different levels in the TSCO 2001. The 1‑digit level are called “majors”, the 2‑digit level “sub major”, the 3‑digit level “groups”, the 4‑digit level “unit”, the 5 and 6-digit level “occupation” which is separated from 4-digit level by decimal point. The TSCO 2001 now comprises 10 majors, which are then further subdivided into a total of 28 sub majors, 116 groups and 391 units.
2 (b)Please provide examples of the coding system used at each level.Structure and coding system of the classification

Major A Legislators, senior officials and managers
Sub majorGroupUnitOccupationDescription
1   Legislators and senior officials
 111  Legislators
  1110 Legislators
   1110.20Member of parliament

Relationship to international standards
3 (a)Is this classification based on (or linked to) an international standard classification? If yes, please describe.The TSCO 2001 has been developed by using the International Standard Classification of Occupation version 1988, ILO as reference.
3 (b)Is the classification structure identical to the international standard or, if not, how does it differ? (e.g. have additional levels been added to the international standard or have changes been made within the level of the international structure, such as aggregations or additional breakdowns)The TSCO 2001 have additional level (at 5 and 6-digit level) been added to the ISCO-88.
3 (c)Please describe deviations from the international standard (in terms of structure, methodology or application rules). Please use examples, if a general statement is not possible.The TSCO 2001 is adopted the ISCO-88 structure, methodology and application rules.
3 (d)At what level of the international standard can data be reported for international comparison? (Please provide examples of programmes / indicators if reporting takes place at different levels of the classification.)-
3 (e)If no links to international classifications exist or no international standard is used, please state if there are plans to use international norms in the future.-
Classification uses
4 (a)Please state for which statistical purposes (surveys etc.) this classification is used and if there are users outside of the Statistical Office. Please indicate at which level the classification is used for data collection and for data publishing.Not only has the TSCO 2001 been used for the statistical purposes such as Labor Force Survey (LFS), Socio-Economic Survey (SES), and other statistical surveys, but also has been used for labor administrative purposes such as establishing pay rate, occupation guidance, occupation training, occupational injuries statistics, etc. In Thailand, we have collected the data at both 4 and 6 digit-level. For publishing, some agencies have published in many levels (1, 2, 3 or 4-digit level) up to their purposes and budget.

At present, National Statistical Office (NSO) has been translated the new version of ISCO, which is ISCO-08, for internal use. The Population and Housing Census 2010 was the first project to implement the ISCO-08 Thai version. After the census, we have been started to use it in our surveys since 2011, for example Labor Force Survey (LFS), Socio-Economic Survey (SES), etc.

4 (b)Please give the names of institutions that use the classification for non-statistical purposes (as opposed to statistical purposes in question 4(a)). Also indicate the kind of use (e.g. tax offices, social security, customs, enterprise register, employment services, work permits etc.)Department of Employment
Ministry of Labour
Social Security Office
National Statistical Office Thailand
National Economic and Social Development Board
Ministry of Information Communication and Technology
4 (c)Please indicate if alternative classifications are used by other institutions of the economy. Are these classifications available and useful for the Statistical Office?-
Implementation / revision status
5 (a)Please state the date of the official adoption of the classification. If not yet adopted, please indicate the current state (e.g. in development, sent for approval, in printing, ready to be distributed etc.)In 2001
5 (b)Please state the date of use of the classification for individual statistical programmes.In 2001
5 (c)Are there existing plans for revision or update of the current classification?Yes. TSCO new version based on ISCO-08 is in the process of set up the committee and sub-committee to develop the new version.
5 (d)Name of former (previous) national classification (full name in both national tongue and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)การจัดประเภทมาตรฐานอาชีพ (ประเทศไทย) ปี 2512. Thailand Standard Classification of Occupation (TSCO 1969)
5 (e)Please describe the link of the former classification to international classificationsThe TSCO 1969 is an old version which was developed by the Department of Employment, using the ISCO-66 as reference.
5 (f)Please describe the structure of the former classification and indicate the number of items at each level of the classification. (similar to question 2(a))The names given to the categories at the different levels in the TSCO 1969. The 1‑digit level1 are called “majors”, the 2‑digit level “sub majors”, the 3‑digit level “groups”, the 4 and 5‑digit level “units”.

Structure and coding system of the classification

Major 4 Traders
Sub majorGroupUnitDescription
4-2  Sale supervisor and purchaser
 4-21 Sale supervisors
  4-21.20Wholesale trade supervisors; whole sale manager

5 (g)Do conversion tables exist between the former and current classification?-
5 (h)When was the former classification implemented?In 1969
5 (i)Are statistical data still collected or published according to the former classification? Please indicate if this statistical data is collected or published by the Statistical Office or elsewhere.-
Supporting documents
6 (a)Have national explanatory notes and/or guidelines been elaborated?-
6 (b)Do correspondence tables exist between the national and the international classifications (if applicable)?-
6 (c)Are correspondence tables between alternative and current classification available (if applicable)?-
6 (d)Does a national coding index exist?-
6 (e)Is the classification available in electronic form? If yes, in which formats is it available?(e.g. PDF, TXT, Excel, XML)-
6 (f)Are the correspondence tables or indexes available in electronic form? 
Contact information
7 (a)Name of institution / office responsible for the development and maintenance of the classificationThe Department of Employment, Ministry of labor THAILAND
7 (b)Contact address, phone number, e-mail or website for public information and inquiryEmployment Promotion Divisions, the Department of Employment, Ministry of labor THAILAND. Dindaeng, Mitmaitree Road Bangkok 10400 www.doe.go.th/vgnew
Other comments
9 (a)Please provide any other information on this classification that you consider relevant 

Source: UN questionnaire, 9/1/2012