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National Classifications

Standard för svensk yrkesklassificering

Country / Area: Sweden

Classification category: Occupation classifications

General information
1 (a)Name of the current national classification (full name in official national languages and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)Standard för svensk yrkesklassificering 2012 (Swedish Standard Classification of Occupations 2012)
1 (b)In which language(s) is the classification available?Swedish and English
1 (c)Can the classification (or information about it) be accessed on the Internet? If yes, please provide the URL.SSYK webpage http://www.scb.se/Pages/List____259304.aspx
Classification database https://www.h2.scb.se/metadata/klassdb.aspx
Classification structure
2 (a)Please describe the structure of the classification: How many levels does the classification have? (Please provide labels, such as “Division”, “Class”) How many categories exist at each level?SSYK 2012 consists of four levels

Swedish descriptionEnglish descriptionNumber of items
YrkesområdeMajor group/Single-digit level10
HuvudgruppSub-major group/Two-digit level46
YrkesgruppMinor group/Three-digit level147
UndergruppUnit groups/Four-digit level429
2 (b)Please provide examples of the coding system used at each level.
Swedish descriptionEnglish descriptionNumber of itemsExample
YrkesområdeMajor group/Single-digit level105 Service and shop sales workers
HuvudgruppSub-major group/Two-digit level4653 Personal care workers
YrkesgruppMinor group/Three-digit level147531 Child minders and teachers aids
UndergruppUnit groups/Four-digit level4295311 Child care workers
Relationship to international standards
3 (a)Is this classification based on (or linked to) an international standard classification? If yes, please describe.Yes. SSYK 2012 is based on the International Classification of Occupations 2008 (ISCO-08),
3 (b)Is the classification structure identical to the international standard or, if not, how does it differ? (e.g. have additional levels been added to the international standard or have changes been made within the level of the international structure, such as aggregations or additional breakdowns)The objective of the SSYK update has been to create a classification of occupations that reflects the Swedish occupational structure, while attempting to satisfy the requirements for international reporting and comparability as far as possible. So as not to lose the comparability with ISCO, the aim has been to avoid moving occupational groups to another skill level. Occupational categories primarily intended for developing countries have been excluded. To ensure the classification is as close to ISCO-08 as possible, the numerical series have followed the international structure as far as possible. This means that occupational groups on the three-digit level, empty as a result of Swedish adjustments, have been deleted and constitute gaps, instead of the series being filled in. ISCO-08, which forms the basis of the SSYK update, is primarily designed so that it reports occupational statistics on an overarching level from population censuses and labour force surveys. The Swedish version, however, also currently covers:
• wage and salary structure statistics and other statistical studies
• classification of job vacancies and job seekers
• registration of occupational accidents, injuries or illnesses
• application for work permits in Sweden.
More applications like this also put various requirements on the classification, which means that the end-result has to be a compromise between different needs. The Swedish adjustments are based on both experience gained from the application of SSYK 96 and the comments received from various stakeholders in connection with the revision work or on an earlier occasion. The changes made to SSYK are warranted primarily for statistical reasons (pay differentials, gender equality), better job matching and international reporting requirements.

It has not been possible to satisfy all the requests received from various stakeholders. There is little point in having a greater level of detail in the classification, for example, if it is achieved at the expense of quality. The working group has based these considerations on the following criteria:
• If it is not possible to create a clear distinction between different occupations so that it is obvious how interviewers, employers and jobseekers are to classify the occupation, the preconditions will not be in place to create occupational statistics of acceptable quality.
• From a matching point of view, it is not relevant to create as many and as detailed occupational categories as possible.
• An occupational group or an occupation performed by very few people cannot be reported separately in Statistics Sweden’s sample surveys, e.g. the labour force surveys or wage and salary structure statistics. The adjustments to the Swedish labour market (in relation to ISCO-08) mainly consist of:
• more categories of managers, including an additional breakdown into two different levels of responsibility
• more categories in Sub-major group 21 (Occupations requiring an advanced level of higher education in science and engineering)
• more categories in healthcare, mainly for nurses and for health and care personnel in Major group 5 (Service, care and shop sales workers)
• more categories for university and higher education teachers
• more categories in the legal field
• more categories in the social field
• a rearrangement of the categories in Major group 4 (Service and administration clerks)
• fewer categories in Major group 6 (Agricultural, horticultural, forestry and fishery workers)

3 (c)Please describe deviations from the international standard (in terms of structure, methodology or application rules). Please use examples, if a general statement is not possible.The principles are basically the same. The fundamental concepts on which the classification is based are job and qualifications. These are essentially defined in the same way as in ISCO-08.
3 (d)At what level of the international standard can data be reported for international comparison? (Please provide examples of programmes / indicators if reporting takes place at different levels of the classification.)Some examples; LFS can be compared to 3-digit ISCO-08, SES can be compared to 2-digit ISCO-08, EU-SILC can be compared to 3-digit ISCO-08
3 (e)If no links to international classifications exist or no international standard is used, please state if there are plans to use international norms in the future.Not relevant
Classification uses
4 (a)Please state for which statistical purposes (surveys etc.) this classification is used and if there are users outside of the Statistical Office. Please indicate at which level the classification is used for data collection and for data publishing.Some examples; Occupational register, LFS, Wage and salary structures, EU-SILC
4 (b)Please give the names of institutions that use the classification for non-statistical purposes (as opposed to statistical purposes in question 4(a)). Also indicate the kind of use (e.g. tax offices, social security, customs, enterprise register, employment services, work permits etc.)Swedish Public Employment Service, Migration board, Swedish Work Environment Authority
4 (c)Please indicate if alternative classifications are used by other institutions of the economy. Are these classifications available and useful for the Statistical Office?Swedish Agency for Government Employers, BESTA
The Confederation of Swedish Enterprise, NYK
Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions, AID
These classifications can be linked to SSYK96. Since the implementation of SSYK 2012 had not started yet, no correspondance has been created yet.
Implementation / revision status
5 (a)Please state the date of the official adoption of the classification. If not yet adopted, please indicate the current state (e.g. in development, sent for approval, in printing, ready to be distributed etc.)May 2012
5 (b)Please state the date of use of the classification for individual statistical programmes.Not before 2014
5 (c)Are there existing plans for revision or update of the current classification?No
5 (d)Name of former (previous) national classification (full name in both national tongue and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)SSYK 96
5 (e)Please describe the link of the former classification to international classificationsSSYK96 is based on ISCO-88
5 (f)Please describe the structure of the former classification and indicate the number of items at each level of the classification. (similar to question 2(a))
Level/CodeNumber of items
Major group/Single-digit level10
Sub-major group/Two-digit level27
Minor group/Three-digit level113
Unit groups/Four-digit level355
5 (g)Do conversion tables exist between the former and current classification?Yes
5 (h)When was the former classification implemented?SSYK 96 was Kompleted in May 1996, it was implemented from 1998/1999.
5 (i)Are statistical data still collected or published according to the former classification? Please indicate if this statistical data is collected or published by the Statistical Office or elsewhere. 
Supporting documents
6 (a)Have national explanatory notes and/or guidelines been elaborated?Yes, included in the publication
6 (b)Do correspondence tables exist between the national and the international classifications (if applicable)?Yes, to ISCO 08
6 (c)Are correspondence tables between alternative and current classification available (if applicable)?No there are not correspondences to the calssifications in the answer to 4c
6 (d)Does a national coding index exist?Yes
6 (e)Is the classification available in electronic form? If yes, in which formats is it available?(e.g. PDF, TXT, Excel, XML)Yes, PDF, TXT and Excel
6 (f)Are the correspondence tables or indexes available in electronic form?Yes
Contact information
7 (a)Name of institution / office responsible for the development and maintenance of the classificationStatistics Sweden
+468 506 940 00
SCB, Box 24300, 104 51 STOCKHOLM
7 (b)Contact address, phone number, e-mail or website for public information and inquirySusanne Gullberg Brännström
+468 506 940 00
SCB, Box 24300, 104 51 STOCKHOLM
Other comments
9 (a)Please provide any other information on this classification that you consider relevant 

Source: UN questionnaire, 8/28/2012