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National Classifications

Classification of individual consumption by purpose

Country / Area: Norway

Classification category: Expenditure classifications

General information
1 (a)Name of the current national classification (full name in official national languages and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)Classification of individual consumption by purpose (COICOP)
1 (b)In which language(s) is the classification available?English, Norwegian
1 (c)Can the classification (or information about it) be accessed on the Internet? If yes, please provide the URL. 
Classification structure
2 (a)Please describe the structure of the classification: How many levels does the classification have? (Please provide labels, such as “Division”, “Class”) How many categories exist at each level?Division (two-digit level)
Group (three-digit level)
Class (four-digit level)

For the purchasing power parities (PPP), there are some official 5-digit levels within the food-stuff as well.

In addition, Norway has in our national consumer price index (CPI) introduced some own 5-digit levels that are not official groups.

2 (b)Please provide examples of the coding system used at each level.01. Food and non-alcoholic beverages
01.1 Food
01.1.1 Bread and cereals
Relationship to international standards
3 (a)Is this classification based on (or linked to) an international standard classification? If yes, please describe.Yes, COICOP is a UN classification in cooperation with Eurostat.
3 (b)Is the classification structure identical to the international standard or, if not, how does it differ? (e.g. have additional levels been added to the international standard or have changes been made within the level of the international structure, such as aggregations or additional breakdowns)The classification is identical to the international standard down to 4-digit level (or 5-digit level for PPP).
In addition, Norway has introduced some own 5 levels that are not official groups.
3 (c)Please describe deviations from the international standard (in terms of structure, methodology or application rules). Please use examples, if a general statement is not possible.Norway has introduced some own 5- and 6-digit levels (primarily within food), i.e. 01112 “bread”.
3 (d)At what level of the international standard can data be reported for international comparison? (Please provide examples of programmes / indicators if reporting takes place at different levels of the classification.)Among other, sub-indices for the Harmonised index of consumer prices (HICP) down to 4-digit levels are reported to Eurostat every month.
PPP: The calculation of aggregate results and the level of publication and reporting is determined by Eurostat and the OECD within the framework of the European Comparison Programme.

National accounts: Data on final consumption expenditures of households can be reported at a 3-digit level for annual figures, and a 2-digit level for quarterly figures.

3 (e)If no links to international classifications exist or no international standard is used, please state if there are plans to use international norms in the future. 
Classification uses
4 (a)Please state for which statistical purposes (surveys etc.) this classification is used and if there are users outside of the Statistical Office. Please indicate at which level the classification is used for data collection and for data publishing.National Accounts: Final consumption expenditures of households

Survey of consumer expenditure (HBE): Collection on item level, publication down to 5- digit level.

Consumer price index (CPI): prices is collected on item level, data is publishing down to 4-digit level.
Harmonised index of consumer prices (HICP): –prices is collected on item level, data is publishing down to 4-digit level.

Purchasing power parities (PPP): The PPP price surveys for consumer goods and services are carried out in accordance with COICOP. Below the 4-digit level, a PPP-specific 5-digit level has been developed by Eurostat and the OECD. The level of publication (also determined by Eurostat and the OECD) is not fixed at one specific COICOP level.

The European Comparison Programme classifies expenditure by non-profit institutions serving households according to COPNI, and expenditure by government according to COFOG. Gross fixed capital formation is classified according to CPA.

4 (b)Please give the names of institutions that use the classification for non-statistical purposes (as opposed to statistical purposes in question 4(a)). Also indicate the kind of use (e.g. tax offices, social security, customs, enterprise register, employment services, work permits etc.) 
4 (c)Please indicate if alternative classifications are used by other institutions of the economy. Are these classifications available and useful for the Statistical Office? 
Implementation / revision status
5 (a)Please state the date of the official adoption of the classification. If not yet adopted, please indicate the current state (e.g. in development, sent for approval, in printing, ready to be distributed etc.)March 1997 in the HICP (The very first release of the HICP was in March 1997)
10th of September 1999 in the CPI

National accounts: COICOP was adopted in the 1995 main revision. The latest version was adopted in 2002.

HBE: 1997

In the PPP surveys, the COICOP classification has been applied since 1999. It was finally confirmed with the implementation of EC Regulation no. 1445/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2007 (“the PPP Regulation”).

5 (b)Please state the date of use of the classification for individual statistical programmes.March 1997 in the HICP (The very first release of the HICP was in March 1997)
10th of September 1999 in the CPI

HBE: 1997

PPP: Not applicable.
National accounts: Not applicable.

5 (c)Are there existing plans for revision or update of the current classification?COICOP will be expanded by introducing official an 5-digit level. This is a work conducted by Eurostat.
5 (d)Name of former (previous) national classification (full name in both national tongue and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)CPI: internal classification of consumption. No official name.

National accounts: internal classification. No official name.

PPP: Due to the multilateral nature of the PPP exercise, no national classification has ever existed

HBE: UN. Department of economic and social affairs. Statistical office: ”A system of national accounts. New York, 1968”. No official domestic name.

5 (e)Please describe the link of the former classification to international classifications 
5 (f)Please describe the structure of the former classification and indicate the number of items at each level of the classification. (similar to question 2(a))0. Food
00. Bread, grain and baker's products
001. Flour and grain

1. Beverages and tobacco

5 (g)Do conversion tables exist between the former and current classification?No
5 (h)When was the former classification implemented? 
5 (i)Are statistical data still collected or published according to the former classification? Please indicate if this statistical data is collected or published by the Statistical Office or elsewhere.No
Supporting documents
6 (a)Have national explanatory notes and/or guidelines been elaborated?For COICOP.
6 (b)Do correspondence tables exist between the national and the international classifications (if applicable)?COICOP is international.
6 (c)Are correspondence tables between alternative and current classification available (if applicable)?No
6 (d)Does a national coding index exist?There is a Norwegian translation of COICOP.
6 (e)Is the classification available in electronic form? If yes, in which formats is it available?(e.g. PDF, TXT, Excel, XML)EXCEL
6 (f)Are the correspondence tables or indexes available in electronic form?Not relevant.
Contact information
7 (a)Name of institution / office responsible for the development and maintenance of the classificationUN/Eurostat
7 (b)Contact address, phone number, e-mail or website for public information and inquiry 
Other comments
9 (a)Please provide any other information on this classification that you consider relevant 

Source: UN questionnaire, 8/22/2012