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National Classifications

הסיווג האחיד של משלחי יד

Country / Area: Israel

Classification category: Occupation classifications

General information
1 (a)Name of the current national classification (full name in official national languages and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)"הסיווג האחיד של משלחי יד 1994", "The standard cassification of occupations 1994"
1 (b)In which language(s) is the classification available?Hebrew, English
1 (c)Can the classification (or information about it) be accessed on the Internet? If yes, please provide the URL.http://www.cbs.gov.il/classifications.htm
Classification structure
2 (a)Please describe the structure of the classification: How many levels does the classification have? (Please provide labels, such as “Division”, “Class”) How many categories exist at each level?Occupations are presented in three levels of detailing which are marked by one, two and three digit codes: "Major Group" is presented by one digit; "Minor Group" is presented by two digits; "Unit Group" is presented by three digits. All occupations were divided into eight major groups, and to those were added Major Group X for people whose occupation is not known and Major Group Y for persons without a civilian occupation.

The classification is built on a three digit level detailing:
One digit (first level) indicates "Major Group", two digits (second level) indicate "Minor Group", and three digits (third level) indicate "Unit Group". For example, code 661 indicates an occupation belonging to Unit Group "Diamond Polishers", which belongs to Minor Group 66 "Diamond Workers" in Major Group 6-8 "Industry, Construction and other Skilled Workers".

First Level of Detail - Major Group:
This level includes eight major groups and also Major Group X and Major Group Y. Occupations which are classified in any major group have common characteristics which are significant according to the principles detailed above. For example, "Academic Professionals", "Clerical Workers", "Unskilled Workers", etc.

Second Level of Detail - Minor Group:
At this level, there are 85 minor groups. These groups are more homogeneous than the major groups as regards type of work, like "Judges and Lawyers" or "Secretaries and Keyboard Operating Clerks".

Third Level of Detail - Unit Group:
At this level, there are 417 unit groups with common characteristics. The degree of homogeneity of the type of work in unit groups is much greater than in the minor groups, for example: "Computer Engineers", "Electronics Engineering Technicians", "Vehicles Mechanics" and etc.

The detailing of the groups is based on the actual possibility of getting information from questions asked on various research questionnaires, especially in the population census and in labour force surveys. In order to improve the level of reporting in the population census and in labour force surveys, a question was added about describing the main activities of the interviewee at his workplace. The additional specification is needed for more specific coding of some of the groups, for which, by way of the additional question, additional information will be obtained.

See: http://www.cbs.gov.il/www/publications/occupations/introduc.pdf

2 (b)Please provide examples of the coding system used at each level.For example,Major Group: "Academic Professionals", "Clerical Workers", "Unskilled Workers", etc. Minor Group: "Judges and Lawyers" or "Secretaries and Keyboard Operating Clerks". Unit Group: "Computer Engineers", "Electronics Engineering Technicians", "Vehicles Mechanics" and etc. See detailed explanations: http://www.cbs.gov.il/www/publications/occupations/introduc.pdf
Relationship to international standards
3 (a)Is this classification based on (or linked to) an international standard classification? If yes, please describe."The Standard Classification of Occupations 1994" based on the recommendations of the International Labour Office, as they appear in the key of the International Classification - ISCO-88 and after their adaptation to the Israeli economy.
3 (b)Is the classification structure identical to the international standard or, if not, how does it differ? (e.g. have additional levels been added to the international standard or have changes been made within the level of the international structure, such as aggregations or additional breakdowns)No. But we have "The Conversion Key from the 1994 Standard Classification of Occupations to the ISCO-88 Classification" See: http://www.cbs.gov.il/webpub/pub/text_page_eng.html?publ=67&CYear=2010&CMonth=1
3 (c)Please describe deviations from the international standard (in terms of structure, methodology or application rules). Please use examples, if a general statement is not possible.The main difference is a 3-digit structure compare to 4-digit structure of ISCO-88. See explanations: http://www.cbs.gov.il/www/publications/occupations/contents.pdf
3 (d)At what level of the international standard can data be reported for international comparison? (Please provide examples of programmes / indicators if reporting takes place at different levels of the classification.)At 1-digit and 2-digit level. And using the special tools - also in 4-digit level. See: http://www.cbs.gov.il/webpub/pub/text_page_eng.html?publ=67&CYear=2010&CMonth=1
3 (e)If no links to international classifications exist or no international standard is used, please state if there are plans to use international norms in the future. 
Classification uses
4 (a)Please state for which statistical purposes (surveys etc.) this classification is used and if there are users outside of the Statistical Office. Please indicate at which level the classification is used for data collection and for data publishing.Main surveys :Labour force survey, Social survey, Household expenditure survey and other households or personal surveys. Other government services such as government employment service. The information collected and published at 3-digit level.
4 (b)Please give the names of institutions that use the classification for non-statistical purposes (as opposed to statistical purposes in question 4(a)). Also indicate the kind of use (e.g. tax offices, social security, customs, enterprise register, employment services, work permits etc.)University for research purposes, tax office, government employment service for maching between job seekers and employers.
4 (c)Please indicate if alternative classifications are used by other institutions of the economy. Are these classifications available and useful for the Statistical Office?There are no alternative classifications.
Implementation / revision status
5 (a)Please state the date of the official adoption of the classification. If not yet adopted, please indicate the current state (e.g. in development, sent for approval, in printing, ready to be distributed etc.)01/01/1995
5 (b)Please state the date of use of the classification for individual statistical programmes.01/01/1995
5 (c)Are there existing plans for revision or update of the current classification?Yes. From January 2013 we will move to new classification, based on ISCO 2008.
5 (d)Name of former (previous) national classification (full name in both national tongue and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)"הסיווג האחיד של משלחי יד 1972", "The standard cassification of occupations 1972"
5 (e)Please describe the link of the former classification to international classificationsISCO-68
5 (f)Please describe the structure of the former classification and indicate the number of items at each level of the classification. (similar to question 2(a))The structure of previous classification is similar to current classification. See qustion 2(a).
5 (g)Do conversion tables exist between the former and current classification?Yes. But not for all levels.
5 (h)When was the former classification implemented?01/01/1973
5 (i)Are statistical data still collected or published according to the former classification? Please indicate if this statistical data is collected or published by the Statistical Office or elsewhere.No.
Supporting documents
6 (a)Have national explanatory notes and/or guidelines been elaborated?Yes. See: http://www.cbs.gov.il/www/publications/tec10_e.pdf
6 (b)Do correspondence tables exist between the national and the international classifications (if applicable)?Yes. See: http://www.cbs.gov.il/webpub/pub/text_page_eng.html?publ=67&CYear=2010&CMonth=1
6 (c)Are correspondence tables between alternative and current classification available (if applicable)?There are no alternative classifications.
6 (d)Does a national coding index exist?Yes
6 (e)Is the classification available in electronic form? If yes, in which formats is it available?(e.g. PDF, TXT, Excel, XML)PDF, EXECEL See: http://www.cbs.gov.il/www/publications/occupations/contents.pdf
6 (f)Are the correspondence tables or indexes available in electronic form?Yes
Contact information
7 (a)Name of institution / office responsible for the development and maintenance of the classificationIsrael Central Bureau of Statistics
7 (b)Contact address, phone number, e-mail or website for public information and inquiryinfo@cbs.gov.il
Other comments
9 (a)Please provide any other information on this classification that you consider relevant 

Source: UN questionnaire, 9/13/2012