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National Classifications

Klassifikation der Berufe
(KldB 2010)

Country / Area: Germany

Classification category: Occupation classifications

General information
1 (a)Name of the current national classification (full name in official national languages and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)Klassifikation der Berufe 2010 (KldB 2010); Classification of Professions (KldB 2010)
1 (b)In which language(s) is the classification available?German
1 (c)Can the classification (or information about it) be accessed on the Internet? If yes, please provide the URL.http://statistik.arbeitsagentur.de/Navigation/Statistik/Grundlagen/Klassifikation-der-Berufe/Klassifikation-der-Berufe-Nav.html
Classification structure
2 (a)Please describe the structure of the classification: How many levels does the classification have? (Please provide labels, such as “Division”, “Class”) How many categories exist at each level?The classification is structured as follows:
10 Berufsbereiche
37 Berufshauptgruppen
144 Berufsgruppen
700 Berufsuntergruppen
1286 Berufsgattungen
2 (b)Please provide examples of the coding system used at each level.Berufsbereiche: 1 – 0
Berufshauptgruppen: 11 – 01
Berufsgruppen: 111 – 014
Berufsuntergruppen: 1110 – 0140
Berufsgattungen: 11101 – 01402
Relationship to international standards
3 (a)Is this classification based on (or linked to) an international standard classification? If yes, please describe.KldB 2010 is linked with ISCO-08 via a correspondence table.
3 (b)Is the classification structure identical to the international standard or, if not, how does it differ? (e.g. have additional levels been added to the international standard or have changes been made within the level of the international structure, such as aggregations or additional breakdowns)The structure of KldB is different from the structure of ISCO-08. KldB 2010 is first structured according to skill specialisation and on a second step (in the fifth digit of the code) according skill level, taking into account the occupational structure in Germany.
3 (c)Please describe deviations from the international standard (in terms of structure, methodology or application rules). Please use examples, if a general statement is not possible.Occupations not existing in Germany are not covered by KldB 2010 (such as traditional chiefs and heads of village or water and firewood collectors).
3 (d)At what level of the international standard can data be reported for international comparison? (Please provide examples of programmes / indicators if reporting takes place at different levels of the classification.)Data can be reported on different levels of ISCO-08. Usually reporting on the unit-group level is possible.
3 (e)If no links to international classifications exist or no international standard is used, please state if there are plans to use international norms in the future.-----
Classification uses
4 (a)Please state for which statistical purposes (surveys etc.) this classification is used and if there are users outside of the Statistical Office. Please indicate at which level the classification is used for data collection and for data publishing.Statistics on employment, wages and salaries; socio-economic statistics:
• Census,
• Microcensus,
• Statistics on employees subject to social insurance,
• Labour force survey,
• Statistics on vocational schools,
• Statistics on vocational training,
• Health monitoring system,
• Structure of earnings statistics,
• Statistics on income and living conditions,
• Time use survey.
The classification is usually used on its most detailed level.
4 (b)Please give the names of institutions that use the classification for non-statistical purposes (as opposed to statistical purposes in question 4(a)). Also indicate the kind of use (e.g. tax offices, social security, customs, enterprise register, employment services, work permits etc.)Federal Employment Agency. Used for placement services, occupational counselling and labour market research.
4 (c)Please indicate if alternative classifications are used by other institutions of the economy. Are these classifications available and useful for the Statistical Office?-----
Implementation / revision status
5 (a)Please state the date of the official adoption of the classification. If not yet adopted, please indicate the current state (e.g. in development, sent for approval, in printing, ready to be distributed etc.)2010
5 (b)Please state the date of use of the classification for individual statistical programmes.2011
5 (c)Are there existing plans for revision or update of the current classification?No
5 (d)Name of former (previous) national classification (full name in both national tongue and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)Klassifizierung der Berufe, Ausgabe 1988 (KldB 1988); Classification of Occupations, edition 1988 (KldB 1988)
[Published by the Federal Agency on Employment]

Klassifizierung der Berufe, Ausgabe 1992 (KldB 92); Classification of Occupations, edition 1992 (KldB 92)
[Published by the Federal Statistical Office]

5 (e)Please describe the link of the former classification to international classificationsKldB 1988 and KldB 92 were linked with ISCO-88 via a correspondence table.
5 (f)Please describe the structure of the former classification and indicate the number of items at each level of the classification. (similar to question 2(a))KldB 1988 was structured as follows:
6 Berufsbereiche
33 Berufsabschnitte
86 Berufsgruppen
334 Berufsordnungen
1991 Berufsklassen

KldB 92 was structured as follows:
6 Berufsbereiche
33 Berufsabschnitte
88 Berufsgruppen
369 Berufsordnungen
2287 Berufsklassen

5 (g)Do conversion tables exist between the former and current classification?Yes
5 (h)When was the former classification implemented?1988
5 (i)Are statistical data still collected or published according to the former classification? Please indicate if this statistical data is collected or published by the Statistical Office or elsewhere.Yes
Supporting documents
6 (a)Have national explanatory notes and/or guidelines been elaborated?Yes
6 (b)Do correspondence tables exist between the national and the international classifications (if applicable)?Yes
6 (c)Are correspondence tables between alternative and current classification available (if applicable)?-----
6 (d)Does a national coding index exist?Yes (about 24 000 keywords; available in German only)
6 (e)Is the classification available in electronic form? If yes, in which formats is it available?(e.g. PDF, TXT, Excel, XML)Yes, in PDF, XLS, CSV, XML format
6 (f)Are the correspondence tables or indexes available in electronic form?Yes
Contact information
7 (a)Name of institution / office responsible for the development and maintenance of the classificationFederal Employment Agency, Nürnberg
7 (b)Contact address, phone number, e-mail or website for public information and inquiryhttp://statistik.arbeitsagentur.de/nn_10274/SiteGlobals/Forms/Kontakt/Kontakt.html?thema=Fragen+zu+den+Berufsklassifikationen&sender=Service-Haus.Statistik-DKT%40arbeitsagentur.de
Other comments
9 (a)Please provide any other information on this classification that you consider relevant-----

Source: UN questionnaire, 8/31/2012