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National Classifications

Systematisches Verzeichnis der Einnahmen und Ausgaben der privaten Haushalte
(SEA 98)

Country / Area: Germany

Classification category: Expenditure classifications

General information
1 (a)Name of the current national classification (full name in official national languages and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)Systematisches Verzeichnis der Einnahmen und Ausgaben der privaten Haushalte, Ausgabe 1998 (SEA 98); Classification of Receipts and Expenditure of Private Households, edition 1998 (SEA 98)
1 (b)In which language(s) is the classification available?German
1 (c)Can the classification (or information about it) be accessed on the Internet? If yes, please provide the URL.https://www.destatis.de/DE/Methoden/Klassifikationen/GueterWirtschaftklassifikationen/SEA98.pdf?__blob=publicationFile
Classification structure
2 (a)Please describe the structure of the classification: How many levels does the classification have? (Please provide labels, such as “Division”, “Class”) How many categories exist at each level?The classification is structured as follows:
16 Divisions (Abteilungen)
69 Groups (Gruppen)
213 Classes (Klassen)
377 Subclasses (Unterklassen)
805 Categories (Kategorien)
1255 Types (Arten)

SEA 98 consists of three parts. Part 2 covers a classification of individual consumption by purpose, which is based on COICOP. This part includes
14 Divisions (Abteilungen)
52 Groups (Gruppen)
158 Classes (Klassen)
242 Subclasses (Unterklassen)
630 Categories (Kategorien)
1062 Types (Arten)

2 (b)Please provide examples of the coding system used at each level.Divisions: 00 – 15
Groups: 001 – 159
Classes: 0011 – 1599
Subclasses: 0011 1 – 1599 0
Categories: 0011 11 – 1599 00
Types: 0011 110 – 1599 000
Relationship to international standards
3 (a)Is this classification based on (or linked to) an international standard classification? If yes, please describe.SEA 98 consists of three parts. Part 2 covers a classification of individual consumption by purpose, which is based on COICOP.
3 (b)Is the classification structure identical to the international standard or, if not, how does it differ? (e.g. have additional levels been added to the international standard or have changes been made within the level of the international structure, such as aggregations or additional breakdowns)In part 2 of SEA (Classification of individual consumption by purpose) the two-digit divisions, the three-digit groups and the four-digit classes of COICOP serve as basis of the classification structure of SEA. For the five-digit level the subclasses of Eurostat (concerning household budget surveys) are used. A six- and seven-digit level has been developed for national purposes.
3 (c)Please describe deviations from the international standard (in terms of structure, methodology or application rules). Please use examples, if a general statement is not possible.SEA 98 consists of three parts:
1. Classification of receipts of private households (which is not part of COICOP)
2. Classification of individual consumption by purpose (which corresponds with COICOP)
3. Classification of expenditure of private households (which are not considered individual consumption and therefore not included in COICOP)
3 (d)At what level of the international standard can data be reported for international comparison? (Please provide examples of programmes / indicators if reporting takes place at different levels of the classification.)Data can be reported on COICOP class level.
3 (e)If no links to international classifications exist or no international standard is used, please state if there are plans to use international norms in the future.-----
Classification uses
4 (a)Please state for which statistical purposes (surveys etc.) this classification is used and if there are users outside of the Statistical Office. Please indicate at which level the classification is used for data collection and for data publishing.National Accounts, Sample Survey of Income and Expenditure, Household Budget Surveys, Consumer Price Index, Purchasing Power Parities.
Usually used at four-digit level (i.e. in part 2 on COICOP class level) or on more detailed level.
4 (b)Please give the names of institutions that use the classification for non-statistical purposes (as opposed to statistical purposes in question 4(a)). Also indicate the kind of use (e.g. tax offices, social security, customs, enterprise register, employment services, work permits etc.)Not known
4 (c)Please indicate if alternative classifications are used by other institutions of the economy. Are these classifications available and useful for the Statistical Office?Not known
Implementation / revision status
5 (a)Please state the date of the official adoption of the classification. If not yet adopted, please indicate the current state (e.g. in development, sent for approval, in printing, ready to be distributed etc.)-----
5 (b)Please state the date of use of the classification for individual statistical programmes.1999 (Consumer Price Index)
5 (c)Are there existing plans for revision or update of the current classification?Yes. An updated version is in development. In part 2 (see above) it will be based on the harmonised European version (five-digit subclasses) of COICOP (harmonisation of the three former versions for household budget surveys, purchasing-power parities and the harmonised consumer price index). In parts 1 and 3 (see above) it will consider the changes in economy and social security systems during the last decade.
5 (d)Name of former (previous) national classification (full name in both national tongue and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)Systematik der Einnahmen und Ausgaben der privaten Haushalte, Ausgabe 1983 (SEA 83)
Classification of Receipts and Expenditure of Private Households, edition 1983 (SEA 83)
5 (e)Please describe the link of the former classification to international classificationsReference to the Eurostat "Classification of expenditure and consumption of private households"
5 (f)Please describe the structure of the former classification and indicate the number of items at each level of the classification. (similar to question 2(a))Part 2 of SEA 83 included the "classification of products for private consumption". This classification consisted of eight major groups (one-digit), 56 groups (two-digit), 274 classes (three-digit) and 901 categories (four-digit).
5 (g)Do conversion tables exist between the former and current classification?Yes
5 (h)When was the former classification implemented?1983
5 (i)Are statistical data still collected or published according to the former classification? Please indicate if this statistical data is collected or published by the Statistical Office or elsewhere.No
Supporting documents
6 (a)Have national explanatory notes and/or guidelines been elaborated?Yes
6 (b)Do correspondence tables exist between the national and the international classifications (if applicable)?COICOP is the basis of the national SEA
6 (c)Are correspondence tables between alternative and current classification available (if applicable)?-----
6 (d)Does a national coding index exist?Yes (about 10 000 keywords; available in German only)
6 (e)Is the classification available in electronic form? If yes, in which formats is it available?(e.g. PDF, TXT, Excel, XML)Yes, in PDF format
6 (f)Are the correspondence tables or indexes available in electronic form?Yes
Contact information
7 (a)Name of institution / office responsible for the development and maintenance of the classificationStatistisches Bundesamt (Federal Statistical Office), Wiesbaden
7 (b)Contact address, phone number, e-mail or website for public information and inquiryhttps://www.destatis.de/EN/Homepage.html
Other comments
9 (a)Please provide any other information on this classification that you consider relevant-----

Source: UN questionnaire, 8/31/2012