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National Classifications


Country / Area: Finland

Classification category: Occupation classifications

General information
1 (a)Name of the current national classification (full name in official national languages and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)Ammattiluokitus 2010 (in Finnish), Yrkesklassificeringen 2010 (in Swedish), Classification of Occupations 2010 (in English).
1 (b)In which language(s) is the classification available?In Finnish and in Swedish the titles of the categories and the index.
1 (c)Can the classification (or information about it) be accessed on the Internet? If yes, please provide the URL.http://tilastokeskus.fi/meta/luokitukset/ammatti/001-2010/index.html
Classification structure
2 (a)Please describe the structure of the classification: How many levels does the classification have? (Please provide labels, such as “Division”, “Class”) How many categories exist at each level?Our national Classification of occupation 2010 follows as closely as possible the structure and the definitions of ISCO-08 in 1-4 digit levels. National circumstances were taken into consideration by adding 5-digit level occupational groups where necessary. The 5-digit level contains 103 groups.
2 (b)Please provide examples of the coding system used at each level.We use ISCO-08 codes in1-4 digit levels, an example of a 5-digit code:

1114 Senior officials of special-interest organisations is divided into two categories
11141 Senior officials of employers´, workers´ and other economic-interest organisations
11142 Senior officials of humanitarian and other special-interest organisations

Relationship to international standards
3 (a)Is this classification based on (or linked to) an international standard classification? If yes, please describe.Yes, it is based on ISCO-08. See the answer of the question 2 (a).
3 (b)Is the classification structure identical to the international standard or, if not, how does it differ? (e.g. have additional levels been added to the international standard or have changes been made within the level of the international structure, such as aggregations or additional breakdowns)The classification contains the 5-digit level for national purposes.
3 (c)Please describe deviations from the international standard (in terms of structure, methodology or application rules). Please use examples, if a general statement is not possible.There are so called “empty categories” that are included in the Finnish version, but they are not used in Finland because we have not such occupations. These categories are 1113, 2222 (Midwifery Professionals are classified in Finland to ward sisters 22212), 2230, 2240, 2264 (all our physiotherapists are classified to 3255), 2267 (all opticians are classified to 3254), 3252, 3253, 3256, 4414, 5162, 6223 (all fishermen are classified to 6222), 63, 9121 (Hand launderers and pressers are classified to 8157), 9331 and 9624.

In the Finnish version the category 2269 Health professionals not elsewhere classified does not include occupational therapists, chiropractors, osteopaths and arts and movement therapists, these occupations are classified to 5-digit categories 32591 Occupational therapists and 32592 Other therapists.

In the Finnish version all the nurses are classified to 3221 Nursing associate professionals, only matrons and ward sisters are classified to 2221 Nursing professionals.

According to ISCO-08, all work in the armed forces belongs to Major group 0 (Armed forces occupations). According to the Finnish version jobs in the armed forces that have a civilian equivalent (e.g. cooks) are to be moved to their respective category in Major groups 2-9.

The classification has been extended by adding the categories x, xx, xxx , xxxx and xxxxx for unknown occupations.

3 (d)At what level of the international standard can data be reported for international comparison? (Please provide examples of programmes / indicators if reporting takes place at different levels of the classification.)Labour Force Survey - 4-digit level
The Employment Statistics - 4-digit level (with minor exceptions)
The Structure of Earnings Survey - 3-digit level
EU-SILC - 2-digit level
3 (e)If no links to international classifications exist or no international standard is used, please state if there are plans to use international norms in the future. 
Classification uses
4 (a)Please state for which statistical purposes (surveys etc.) this classification is used and if there are users outside of the Statistical Office. Please indicate at which level the classification is used for data collection and for data publishing.Labour Force Survey (LFS), for data collection 4-5-digit, data publishing 2-digit
The Employment Statistics (Census), for data collection and data publishing 4-5-digit,
The Wage Statistics, for data collection and data publishing 4-5-digit
4 (b)Please give the names of institutions that use the classification for non-statistical purposes (as opposed to statistical purposes in question 4(a)). Also indicate the kind of use (e.g. tax offices, social security, customs, enterprise register, employment services, work permits etc.)Ministry of Education and Culture (used in training schemes)

National Institute for health and welfare, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Federation of Accident Insurance Institutions (used in health care and accident surveys)

trade unions (membership surveys)

the Academy of Finland, (used in different working life surveys)

4 (c)Please indicate if alternative classifications are used by other institutions of the economy. Are these classifications available and useful for the Statistical Office?The ministry of Employment and the Economy uses a different classification of occupations (based on the Nordic Classification of Occupations) but it will introduce ISCO based classification in the near future.
Implementation / revision status
5 (a)Please state the date of the official adoption of the classification. If not yet adopted, please indicate the current state (e.g. in development, sent for approval, in printing, ready to be distributed etc.)The classification was completed and informed on Statistics Finland's website in December 2010 and it was published as a handbook for Statistics Finland in March 2011.
5 (b)Please state the date of use of the classification for individual statistical programmes.LFS, from the beginning of 2011
Structure of Earnings Survey (SES), November 2011
The Employment Statistics, November 2012
5 (c)Are there existing plans for revision or update of the current classification?No.
5 (d)Name of former (previous) national classification (full name in both national tongue and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)Ammattiluokitus 2001, Yrkesklassificeringen 2001, Classification of Occupations 2001
5 (e)Please describe the link of the former classification to international classificationsISCO-88 (COM)
5 (f)Please describe the structure of the former classification and indicate the number of items at each level of the classification. (similar to question 2(a))The national Classification of Occupations 2001 is in compliance with the European Union variant of ISCO-88 down to the 4-digit level. The 5-digit level is for national circumstances and it has 148 groups.
5 (g)Do conversion tables exist between the former and current classification?Yes.
5 (h)When was the former classification implemented?2002
5 (i)Are statistical data still collected or published according to the former classification? Please indicate if this statistical data is collected or published by the Statistical Office or elsewhere.In LFS the data can also be supplied according to the former classification.
Supporting documents
6 (a)Have national explanatory notes and/or guidelines been elaborated?Yes.
6 (b)Do correspondence tables exist between the national and the international classifications (if applicable)?No. The national classification is following ISCO-08 in 1-4 digit levels.
6 (c)Are correspondence tables between alternative and current classification available (if applicable)?No.
6 (d)Does a national coding index exist?Yes.
6 (e)Is the classification available in electronic form? If yes, in which formats is it available?(e.g. PDF, TXT, Excel, XML)Yes, in PDF, TXT, Excel.
6 (f)Are the correspondence tables or indexes available in electronic form?Yes.
Contact information
7 (a)Name of institution / office responsible for the development and maintenance of the classificationStatistics Finland
7 (b)Contact address, phone number, e-mail or website for public information and inquiryStatistics Finland
tel. +358 9 17341
Other comments
9 (a)Please provide any other information on this classification that you consider relevant-

Source: UN questionnaire, 9/13/2012