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National Classifications

Yksilöllisen kulutuksen käyttötarkoituksen mukainen luokitus PPP-ohjelmaa varten

Country / Area: Finland

Classification category: Expenditure classifications

General information
1 (a)Name of the current national classification (full name in official national languages and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)Yksilöllisen kulutuksen käyttötarkoituksen mukainen luokitus PPP-ohjelmaa varten (COICOP-PPP)

Classification of Individual Consumption by Purpose (COICOP-PPP)

1 (b)In which language(s) is the classification available?Finnish, Swedish, English
1 (c)Can the classification (or information about it) be accessed on the Internet? If yes, please provide the URL.Not in our own web page.
Classification structure
2 (a)Please describe the structure of the classification: How many levels does the classification have? (Please provide labels, such as “Division”, “Class”) How many categories exist at each level?In Purchasing Power parities programme the COICOP classification goes down to 5 -digit level.

division (or two-digit level),
group (or three-digit level) and
class (or four-digit level).
basic heading (or five-digit level)

COICOP-PPP is based on Divisions 01 to 12. These twelve divisions break down into 47 groups and 117 classes. In COICOP-PPP 117 classes of divisions 01-12 are broken down into 199 basic headings. The basic heading is the lowest level of aggregation, at which products are sampled and product prices collected. It is the lowest level for which countries should provide numerical expenditure weights. Below the basic heading level are the individual items of the product sample.

2 (b)Please provide examples of the coding system used at each level.01 Food and non-alcoholic beverages
011 Food
0111 Bread and cereals
01113 Bread
Relationship to international standards
3 (a)Is this classification based on (or linked to) an international standard classification? If yes, please describe.Yes, It is based on Divisions 01 to 12 of the Classification of Individual Consumption by Purpose (COICOP) of the 1993 System of National Accounts and the 1995 European System of Accounts.
3 (b)Is the classification structure identical to the international standard or, if not, how does it differ? (e.g. have additional levels been added to the international standard or have changes been made within the level of the international structure, such as aggregations or additional breakdowns)It’s fully identical to the international standard.
3 (c)Please describe deviations from the international standard (in terms of structure, methodology or application rules). Please use examples, if a general statement is not possible.No.
3 (d)At what level of the international standard can data be reported for international comparison? (Please provide examples of programmes / indicators if reporting takes place at different levels of the classification.)PPPs are published at the level of 60 analytical categories which comprise aggregates of basic headings and include some of the main expenditure aggregates like GDP, actual individual consumption, household final consumption, collective consumption and gross fixed capital formation.
3 (e)If no links to international classifications exist or no international standard is used, please state if there are plans to use international norms in the future.N/A
Classification uses
4 (a)Please state for which statistical purposes (surveys etc.) this classification is used and if there are users outside of the Statistical Office. Please indicate at which level the classification is used for data collection and for data publishing.National Accounts, Consumer Price index and Household Budget Survey use the classification for statistical purposes.

COICOP is not in common use outside of the NSI. However, it is applied by many researchers monitoring consumption, nutrition, commodities, etc.

4 (b)Please give the names of institutions that use the classification for non-statistical purposes (as opposed to statistical purposes in question 4(a)). Also indicate the kind of use (e.g. tax offices, social security, customs, enterprise register, employment services, work permits etc.)Cannot be specified.
4 (c)Please indicate if alternative classifications are used by other institutions of the economy. Are these classifications available and useful for the Statistical Office?N/A
Implementation / revision status
5 (a)Please state the date of the official adoption of the classification. If not yet adopted, please indicate the current state (e.g. in development, sent for approval, in printing, ready to be distributed etc.)The Eurostat-OECD PPP Programme has used CHGS-PPP since it started in the early 1980s. It commenced using COICOP-PPP in 1999.
5 (b)Please state the date of use of the classification for individual statistical programmes. 
5 (c)Are there existing plans for revision or update of the current classification?Among the developments discussed are the introduction of a harmonised 5-digit COICOP, the
introduction of the ESA 2010, the revision of the CPA classification and the introduction of a
new methodology to compute PPPs for health services.In recent years, new methodologies have also been introduced for the calculation of education and construction PPPs. These affected de-facto the currently used basic heading classification.

All changes to the basic heading classification are grouped together and implemented at the end of 2014, in accordance with the timetable of the implementation of the ESA 2010.

5 (d)Name of former (previous) national classification (full name in both national tongue and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given) 
5 (e)Please describe the link of the former classification to international classificationsThe current COICOP-PPP replaces CHGS-PPP which is the breakdown of final consumption expenditure of households by basic heading based on the Classification of Household Goods and Services (CHGS) of the 1968 System of National Accounts and the 1979 European System of Accounts.
5 (f)Please describe the structure of the former classification and indicate the number of items at each level of the classification. (similar to question 2(a)) 
5 (g)Do conversion tables exist between the former and current classification? 
5 (h)When was the former classification implemented?Until 1999.
5 (i)Are statistical data still collected or published according to the former classification? Please indicate if this statistical data is collected or published by the Statistical Office or elsewhere.No.
Supporting documents
6 (a)Have national explanatory notes and/or guidelines been elaborated?No.
6 (b)Do correspondence tables exist between the national and the international classifications (if applicable)?N/A
6 (c)Are correspondence tables between alternative and current classification available (if applicable)?N/A
6 (d)Does a national coding index exist?No.
6 (e)Is the classification available in electronic form? If yes, in which formats is it available?(e.g. PDF, TXT, Excel, XML)N/A
6 (f)Are the correspondence tables or indexes available in electronic form?N/A
Contact information
7 (a)Name of institution / office responsible for the development and maintenance of the classificationStatistics Finland
7 (b)Contact address, phone number, e-mail or website for public information and inquiryStatistics Finland,
Tel: +358 9 17341,
www.stat.fi ,
Other comments
9 (a)Please provide any other information on this classification that you consider relevant 

Source: UN questionnaire, 9/7/2012