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National Classifications

Yksilöllisen kulutuksen käyttötarkoituksen mukainen luokitus

Country / Area: Finland

Classification category: Expenditure classifications

General information
1 (a)Name of the current national classification (full name in official national languages and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)Yksilöllisen kulutuksen käyttötarkoituksen mukainen luokitus 1999 (COICOP)
Classification of Individual Consumption According to Purpose (COICOP)
1 (b)In which language(s) is the classification available?Finnish, Swedish, English
1 (c)Can the classification (or information about it) be accessed on the Internet? If yes, please provide the URL.http://tilastokeskus.fi/meta/luokitukset/coicop/011-2011/index.html (in Finnish)
http://www.tilastokeskus.fi/meta/luokitukset/_linkki/coicop.pdf (in Finnish)
Classification structure
2 (a)Please describe the structure of the classification: How many levels does the classification have? (Please provide labels, such as “Division”, “Class”) How many categories exist at each level?In National Accounts, the classification goes down to 5-digit level (basic headings) and includes also classification according to durability.

12 divisions (2-digit)
1-6 classes (3-digit) in each division, total 41 classes
1-9 groups (4-digit) in each class, total 104 groups
1-7 basic headings (5-digit) in each groups, total 184 basic headings

2 (b)Please provide examples of the coding system used at each level.03 Clothing and footwear
031 Clothing
0312 Garments
03121SD Outdoor clothing
03122SD Underwear
Relationship to international standards
3 (a)Is this classification based on (or linked to) an international standard classification? If yes, please describe.Yes, down to 4-digit level it is based on COICOP 1999 classification (SNA93; EU commission regulation 1749/1999).
3 (b)Is the classification structure identical to the international standard or, if not, how does it differ? (e.g. have additional levels been added to the international standard or have changes been made within the level of the international structure, such as aggregations or additional breakdowns)There are some parts in the classification that have been excluded due to irrelevancy (no activity or very little activity in excluded groups).
3 (c)Please describe deviations from the international standard (in terms of structure, methodology or application rules). Please use examples, if a general statement is not possible.In National Accounts only 12 divisions are included instead of 14; divisions 13 and 14 are excluded.
3 (d)At what level of the international standard can data be reported for international comparison? (Please provide examples of programmes / indicators if reporting takes place at different levels of the classification.)The figures are published and sent to Eurostat (according to the transmission programme) at the level of COICOP groups (4-digit).
3 (e)If no links to international classifications exist or no international standard is used, please state if there are plans to use international norms in the future.N/A
Classification uses
4 (a)Please state for which statistical purposes (surveys etc.) this classification is used and if there are users outside of the Statistical Office. Please indicate at which level the classification is used for data collection and for data publishing.National Accounts, Household Budget Survey, Consumer Price index use the classification for statistical purposes.

COICOP is not in common use outside of the NSI. However, it is applied to many researches monitoring consumption, nutrition, commodities, etc.

In National Accounts the figures are calculated at the level of basic headings (5-digit), and the collected data is either divided on that level (if it is on more aggregated level) or summed up to that level (if it is on more detailed level). HBS and CPI, which are very important data sources for National Accounts, are used at the level of basic headings (5-digit).

The figures are published at the level of groups (4-digit), but figures at the level of basic headings (5-digit) are available for users by request.

4 (b)Please give the names of institutions that use the classification for non-statistical purposes (as opposed to statistical purposes in question 4(a)). Also indicate the kind of use (e.g. tax offices, social security, customs, enterprise register, employment services, work permits etc.)Cannot be specified.
4 (c)Please indicate if alternative classifications are used by other institutions of the economy. Are these classifications available and useful for the Statistical Office?N/A
Implementation / revision status
5 (a)Please state the date of the official adoption of the classification. If not yet adopted, please indicate the current state (e.g. in development, sent for approval, in printing, ready to be distributed etc.)The COICOP classification (revised version of the SNA 1993) was implemented by national accounts in 1998. The national COICOP versions of the CPI and HBS were implemented in 1998 and 1999 accordingly. In the HICP the COICOP was introduced in 1996.
5 (b)Please state the date of use of the classification for individual statistical programmes.Fully implemented in National Accounts since 1998.
5 (c)Are there existing plans for revision or update of the current classification?We follow the work of UN on this subject.
5 (d)Name of former (previous) national classification (full name in both national tongue and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)Kotitaloustavaroiden ja palvelusten luokitus
Klassificering av hushållsvaror och -tjänster
Classification of Household Goods and Services
5 (e)Please describe the link of the former classification to international classificationsFollows the structure and principles of the SNA 1968.
5 (f)Please describe the structure of the former classification and indicate the number of items at each level of the classification. (similar to question 2(a))4 levels in CPI, approximately 400 items at the most detailed level.
5 (g)Do conversion tables exist between the former and current classification?A rough one exists; not at the most detailed level.
5 (h)When was the former classification implemented?In national accounts in 1970’s and in household budget surveys in 1976. A handbook was published in 1982.
5 (i)Are statistical data still collected or published according to the former classification? Please indicate if this statistical data is collected or published by the Statistical Office or elsewhere.No.
Supporting documents
6 (a)Have national explanatory notes and/or guidelines been elaborated?Handbook (number 44) on COICOP (in Finnish)
6 (b)Do correspondence tables exist between the national and the international classifications (if applicable)?N/A
6 (c)Are correspondence tables between alternative and current classification available (if applicable)?N/A
6 (d)Does a national coding index exist?No.
6 (e)Is the classification available in electronic form? If yes, in which formats is it available?(e.g. PDF, TXT, Excel, XML)Yes, PDF and XML.
6 (f)Are the correspondence tables or indexes available in electronic form?N/A
Contact information
7 (a)Name of institution / office responsible for the development and maintenance of the classificationStatistics Finland
7 (b)Contact address, phone number, e-mail or website for public information and inquiryStatistics Finland,
Tel: +358 9 17341,
Other comments
9 (a)Please provide any other information on this classification that you consider relevant 

Source: UN questionnaire, 9/14/2012