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National Classifications


Country / Area: Finland

Classification category: Activity classifications

General information
1 (a)Name of the current national classification (full name in official national languages and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)in Finnish: Toimialaluokitus (TOL) 2008
in Swedish: Näringsgrenindelningen TOL 2008)
in English: Standard Industrial Classification TOL 2008
1 (b)In which language(s) is the classification available?Finnish and Swedish (titles in English)
1 (c)Can the classification (or information about it) be accessed on the Internet? If yes, please provide the URL.http://tilastokeskus.fi/meta/luokitukset/toimiala/001-2008/index_en.html
Classification structure
2 (a)Please describe the structure of the classification: How many levels does the classification have? (Please provide labels, such as “Division”, “Class”) How many categories exist at each level?Structure and code system conform with NACE Rev.2. down to the 4-digit level.
National 5-digit level consists of 805 subclasses.
2 (b)Please provide examples of the coding system used at each level.Code system conform with Nace Rev.2. down to 4-digit level. National 5-digit level classes are coded with five digit codes like 58141 and 46412.
Relationship to international standards
3 (a)Is this classification based on (or linked to) an international standard classification? If yes, please describe.Toimialaluokitus 2008 (Standard Industrial Classification TOL 2008) is based on NACE Rev.2.
3 (b)Is the classification structure identical to the international standard or, if not, how does it differ? (e.g. have additional levels been added to the international standard or have changes been made within the level of the international structure, such as aggregations or additional breakdowns)5-digit level added to Finnish classification to meet national needs.
3 (c)Please describe deviations from the international standard (in terms of structure, methodology or application rules). Please use examples, if a general statement is not possible.Structure and code system conform with NACE Rev.2. down to the 4-digit level. 5-digit level added to Finnish classification to meet national needs. The classification has been extended by adding the categories X, 00, 000, 0000 and 00000 Industry unknown.
3 (d)At what level of the international standard can data be reported for international comparison? (Please provide examples of programmes / indicators if reporting takes place at different levels of the classification.)1-4 digit levels as Toimialaluokitus (Standard Industrial Classification TOL) is following NACE Rev.2 strictly on these levels. Reporting takes place at different levels of the classification in different statistical areas.
3 (e)If no links to international classifications exist or no international standard is used, please state if there are plans to use international norms in the future. 
Classification uses
4 (a)Please state for which statistical purposes (surveys etc.) this classification is used and if there are users outside of the Statistical Office. Please indicate at which level the classification is used for data collection and for data publishing.Toimialaluokitus 2008 (Standard Industrial Classification TOL 2008) is used widely in EU statistics in different statistical areas. All data coded according to the TOL 2008. Most detailed levels (4-5 digit) principally incorporated into data consisting of whole population or business samplings from business register. Surveys of hundreds of observations possibly coded at 1-3 digit.

All statistical data published according to Toimialaluokitus 2008 (Standard Industrial Classification TOL 2008). Data in different statistical areas are published on 1-5 digit level (or mixed level) due to the characteristics of the topic and methodological issues as well as data protection.

4 (b)Please give the names of institutions that use the classification for non-statistical purposes (as opposed to statistical purposes in question 4(a)). Also indicate the kind of use (e.g. tax offices, social security, customs, enterprise register, employment services, work permits etc.)The TOL 2008 is used as standard classification in the registers and applications of the public sector (e.g. tax registers, pension systems, registers of labour, customs, municipalities, etc.). It is widely used in registers and applications of the private sector enterprises as well.
4 (c)Please indicate if alternative classifications are used by other institutions of the economy. Are these classifications available and useful for the Statistical Office?There are also some other classifications used by, for example, particular trade associations. These classifications haven been created for special use and they are used for these special purposes only. Typically, these classifications cover only 1-2 sections of the ISIC / NACE.
Implementation / revision status
5 (a)Please state the date of the official adoption of the classification. If not yet adopted, please indicate the current state (e.g. in development, sent for approval, in printing, ready to be distributed etc.)2008 onwards.
5 (b)Please state the date of use of the classification for individual statistical programmes.Implementation between 2008-2012 following the implementation plan of Eurostat.
5 (c)Are there existing plans for revision or update of the current classification?Next Toimialaluokitus (Standard Industrial Classification TOL) revision will follow the revision of the NACE Rev.2. in 1-4 digit levels.
5 (d)Name of former (previous) national classification (full name in both national tongue and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)Toimialaluokitus TOL 2002 (in Swedish: Näringsgrenindelningen TOL 2002), Standard Industrial Classification TOL 2002.
5 (e)Please describe the link of the former classification to international classificationsToimialaluokitus 2002 was based on NACE Rev.1.1, following the structure and coding system with few exceptions:
1) Classes 5147, Wholesale of other household goods, and 5248, Other retail sale in specialized stores, were divided into more than nine 5-digit Sub-classes (51471-51489, 52482-52499). This means that they also occupy the 4-digit codes 5148 and 5249.

2) The classification was extended by adding the categories X, 99, 999, 9999 and 99999 Industry unknown. Extra-territorial organisations and bodies have therefore been given the codes Q, 98, 980, 9800 and 98000 (in NACE Q, 99, 990 and 9900).

5 (f)Please describe the structure of the former classification and indicate the number of items at each level of the classification. (similar to question 2(a))Structure and code system conform with NACE Rev.1.1. down to the 4-digit level.
National 5-digit level consisted of 719 classes.
5 (g)Do conversion tables exist between the former and current classification?Yes.
5 (h)When was the former classification implemented?Implementation date from the beginning of 2003.
5 (i)Are statistical data still collected or published according to the former classification? Please indicate if this statistical data is collected or published by the Statistical Office or elsewhere.No.
Supporting documents
6 (a)Have national explanatory notes and/or guidelines been elaborated?Yes.
6 (b)Do correspondence tables exist between the national and the international classifications (if applicable)?Not necessary, Toimialaluokitus (Standard Industrial Classification TOL) is following NACE Rev.2 strictly in 1-4 digit levels.
6 (c)Are correspondence tables between alternative and current classification available (if applicable)?Yes.
6 (d)Does a national coding index exist?Yes.
6 (e)Is the classification available in electronic form? If yes, in which formats is it available?(e.g. PDF, TXT, Excel, XML)Yes, currently in PDF, TXT as well as Excel; XML in near future.
6 (f)Are the correspondence tables or indexes available in electronic form?Yes.
Contact information
7 (a)Name of institution / office responsible for the development and maintenance of the classificationStatistics Finland
7 (b)Contact address, phone number, e-mail or website for public information and inquiryStatistics Finland
Tel: +358 9 17341
Other comments
9 (a)Please provide any other information on this classification that you consider relevant-

Source: UN questionnaire, 9/10/2012