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National Classifications

Danmarks Statistiks fagklassifikation

Country / Area: Denmark

Classification category: Occupation classifications

General information
1 (a)Name of the current national classification (full name in official national languages and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)DISCO-08, Danmarks Statistiks fagklassifikation (DISCO-08).
In english: DISCO-08, Statistics Denmarks classification of occupations (DISCO-08)
1 (b)In which language(s) is the classification available?Danish
1 (c)Can the classification (or information about it) be accessed on the Internet? If yes, please provide the URL.www.dst.dk/disco
Classification structure
2 (a)Please describe the structure of the classification: How many levels does the classification have? (Please provide labels, such as “Division”, “Class”) How many categories exist at each level? The occupational classification is a 6-digit hirachical structured classification in 5 levels called groups. First level is the socalled major group (hovedgruppe) which consist of 10 groups . Second level is the socalled sub-major group (overgruppe) consisting of 43 groups. Third level is the socalled minor group (mellemgruppe) consisting of 130 groups. Fourth level is the unit group (undergruppe) consisting of 436 different groups. The fifth and last level is the DISCO-groups consisting of 563 groups.
2 (b)Please provide examples of the coding system used at each level.
Hovedgruppe5Service- og salgsarbejde
Mellemgruppe531Børneomsorgsarbejde og hjælpelærerarbejde
531120Pædagogisk medhjælp
531130Andet børneomsorgsarbejde
Relationship to international standards
3 (a)Is this classification based on (or linked to) an international standard classification? If yes, please describe.The Danish classification of occupations is an extended version of the International Standard Classification of Occupation (ISCO-08) developed by United Nations. The first four digits of DISCO-08 are equal to ISCO-08, with a few exceptions. Only occupations not existing in the danish labour market has been deleted from ISCO-08 when developing DISCO-08. Two four-digit occupations has been added in one of the minor groups of ISCO-08.
3 (b)Is the classification structure identical to the international standard or, if not, how does it differ? (e.g. have additional levels been added to the international standard or have changes been made within the level of the international structure, such as aggregations or additional breakdowns)The strucuture of DISCO-08 is the same as in ISCO-08. One extra level (DISCO-gruppe level) has been added to DISCO-08, where the breakdowns of the ISCO-08 was seen as being inaddequate.
3 (c)Please describe deviations from the international standard (in terms of structure, methodology or application rules). Please use examples, if a general statement is not possible.As mentioned DISCO-08 differ in terms of the extra level added compared to ISCO-08. Also in terms of number of 4-digit codes they differ. Some occupations do not exist in the danish labour market, which mean they have been deleted from DISCO-08. These are;
1113 Traditional chiefs and heads of village
4414 Scribes and related workers
5343 Door to door salespersons
6310 Subsistence crop farmers
6320 Subsistence livestock farmers
6330 Subsistence mixed crop and livestock farmers
6340 Subsistence fishers, hunters, trappers and gatherers
7111 House builders
9624 Water and firewood collectors
3 (d)At what level of the international standard can data be reported for international comparison? (Please provide examples of programmes / indicators if reporting takes place at different levels of the classification.)Data can be reported at all levels of ISCO-08 for international comparison.
3 (e)If no links to international classifications exist or no international standard is used, please state if there are plans to use international norms in the future. 
Classification uses
4 (a)Please state for which statistical purposes (surveys etc.) this classification is used and if there are users outside of the Statistical Office. Please indicate at which level the classification is used for data collection and for data publishing.Inside of Statistics Denmark the classification is used in two surveys. The labour force survey and the structure of earnings survey. It should be noted that a lot of other surveys use the structure of earnings survey as the source to match occupational codes on individuals.
4 (b)Please give the names of institutions that use the classification for non-statistical purposes (as opposed to statistical purposes in question 4(a)). Also indicate the kind of use (e.g. tax offices, social security, customs, enterprise register, employment services, work permits etc.)Immigration service (for issuing work permits).
4 (c)Please indicate if alternative classifications are used by other institutions of the economy. Are these classifications available and useful for the Statistical Office? 
Implementation / revision status
5 (a)Please state the date of the official adoption of the classification. If not yet adopted, please indicate the current state (e.g. in development, sent for approval, in printing, ready to be distributed etc.)DISCO-08 was adopted same date as the Eurostat adopted ISCO-08, which was 1. January 2010, but only what concerns the structure of earnings survey. The labour force survey was adopting the classification 1 January 2011, which was also the official data that Statistics Denmark adopted DISCO-08.
5 (b)Please state the date of use of the classification for individual statistical programmes. Same as 5 (a).
5 (c)Are there existing plans for revision or update of the current classification?No.
5 (d)Name of former (previous) national classification (full name in both national tongue and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)DISCO-88, Danmarks Statistiks fagklassifikation (DISCO-88).
In english: DISCO-88, Statistics Denmarks classification of occupations (DISCO-88)
5 (e)Please describe the link of the former classification to international classificationsDISCO-88 was only in four digits. Apart from that, the link between ISCO-08 and DISCO-08 was the same.
5 (f)Please describe the structure of the former classification and indicate the number of items at each level of the classification. (similar to question 2(a))The structure was the same as DISCO-08, apart from the fact, that DISCO-08 has an extra fifth level.
Major groups: 10
Sub-major groups: 27
minor groups: 111
Unit groups: 372.
5 (g)Do conversion tables exist between the former and current classification?Yes tables exist in those groups where conversion is possible.
5 (h)When was the former classification implemented?July 1996
5 (i)Are statistical data still collected or published according to the former classification? Please indicate if this statistical data is collected or published by the Statistical Office or elsewhere.No.
Supporting documents
6 (a)Have national explanatory notes and/or guidelines been elaborated?Yes.
6 (b)Do correspondence tables exist between the national and the international classifications (if applicable)?No, but indications and explanations of the differences between ISCO-08 and DISCO-08 exist.
6 (c)Are correspondence tables between alternative and current classification available (if applicable)?No.
6 (d)Does a national coding index exist?Yes.
6 (e)Is the classification available in electronic form? If yes, in which formats is it available?(e.g. PDF, TXT, Excel, XML)Yes, PDF.
6 (f)Are the correspondence tables or indexes available in electronic form?Yes.
Contact information
7 (a)Name of institution / office responsible for the development and maintenance of the classificationStatistics Denmark, Division of Earnings and Absence
7 (b)Contact address, phone number, e-mail or website for public information and inquirySection of Earnings and absence
telephone: +45 3917 3420
e-mail: loen@dst.dk
Other comments
9 (a)Please provide any other information on this classification that you consider relevant 

Source: UN questionnaire, 9/17/2012