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National Classifications

Classificação de Produtos para o Sistema Nacional de Índices de Preços ao Consumidor

Country / Area: Brazil

Classification category: Expenditure classifications

General information
1 (a)Name of the current national classification (full name in official national languages and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)Classificação de Produtos para o Sistema Nacional de Índices de Preços ao Consumidor
Classification of Products for the National System of Consumer Price Index
1 (b)In which language(s) is the classification available?It is available in Portuguese
1 (c)Can the classification (or information about it) be accessed on the Internet? If yes, please provide the URL.http://www.ibge.gov.br/home/estatistica/indicadores/precos/inpc_ipca/defaultinpc.shtm
Classification structure
2 (a)Please describe the structure of the classification: How many levels does the classification have? (Please provide labels, such as “Division”, “Class”) How many categories exist at each level?The classification has 4 (four) levels, as described below (IPCA Brazil):

Group - 9 categories
Subgroup - 19 categories
Item - 52 categories
Subitem - 365 categories     

2 (b)Please provide examples of the coding system used at each level.1000000 food and beverage
1100000 food of household
1106000 fruits
1106017 apple
Relationship to international standards
3 (a)Is this classification based on (or linked to) an international standard classification? If yes, please describe.The classification was based on the USA classification of consumer price index.    
3 (b)Is the classification structure identical to the international standard or, if not, how does it differ? (e.g. have additional levels been added to the international standard or have changes been made within the level of the international structure, such as aggregations or additional breakdowns)Local classification has 9 groups, while in COICOP there are 12 divisions.     
3 (c)Please describe deviations from the international standard (in terms of structure, methodology or application rules). Please use examples, if a general statement is not possible.There are differences between the structure of the national classification and COICOP. For instance, bicycle in COICOP is in the transport division while in the national classification is included in the recreation division.
3 (d)At what level of the international standard can data be reported for international comparison? (Please provide examples of programmes / indicators if reporting takes place at different levels of the classification.)At group level.
3 (e)If no links to international classifications exist or no international standard is used, please state if there are plans to use international norms in the future.We are working in the comparison and harmonization of national classification with COICOP.     
Classification uses
4 (a)Please state for which statistical purposes (surveys etc.) this classification is used and if there are users outside of the Statistical Office. Please indicate at which level the classification is used for data collection and for data publishing.The classification is used for the official Consumer Price Index. 
4 (b)Please give the names of institutions that use the classification for non-statistical purposes (as opposed to statistical purposes in question 4(a)). Also indicate the kind of use (e.g. tax offices, social security, customs, enterprise register, employment services, work permits etc.) 
4 (c)Please indicate if alternative classifications are used by other institutions of the economy. Are these classifications available and useful for the Statistical Office?There is a classification used by Fundação Getúlio Vargas, a local economy institute, which is available in the internet. 
Implementation / revision status
5 (a)Please state the date of the official adoption of the classification. If not yet adopted, please indicate the current state (e.g. in development, sent for approval, in printing, ready to be distributed etc.)The first was adopted in April 1979, revised in July 2006.
5 (b)Please state the date of use of the classification for individual statistical programmes. 
5 (c)Are there existing plans for revision or update of the current classification?We are planning the implementation of COICOP, based on the experience in the harmonization of price index in Mercosul and Chile. 
5 (d)Name of former (previous) national classification (full name in both national tongue and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)Sistema Nacional de Índices de Preços ao Consumidor (SNIPC)
National System of Consumer Price Index
5 (e)Please describe the link of the former classification to international classificationsThere is no link.  
5 (f)Please describe the structure of the former classification and indicate the number of items at each level of the classification. (similar to question 2(a)) 
5 (g)Do conversion tables exist between the former and current classification? 
5 (h)When was the former classification implemented? 
5 (i)Are statistical data still collected or published according to the former classification? Please indicate if this statistical data is collected or published by the Statistical Office or elsewhere.No. 
Supporting documents
6 (a)Have national explanatory notes and/or guidelines been elaborated?Yes, it has. 
6 (b)Do correspondence tables exist between the national and the international classifications (if applicable)?Yes.
6 (c)Are correspondence tables between alternative and current classification available (if applicable)?No.
6 (d)Does a national coding index exist?Yes, it exists.
6 (e)Is the classification available in electronic form? If yes, in which formats is it available?(e.g. PDF, TXT, Excel, XML)Yes, in Excel.   
6 (f)Are the correspondence tables or indexes available in electronic form?Yes, in PDF. 
Contact information
7 (a)Name of institution / office responsible for the development and maintenance of the classificationIBGE - Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística
7 (b)Contact address, phone number, e-mail or website for public information and inquirywww.ibge.gov.br
phone number: 0800 7218181    
Other comments
9 (a)Please provide any other information on this classification that you consider relevant 

Source: UN questionnaire, 8/16/2012