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National Classifications

Consumer Price Index Commodity Classification

Country / Area: Australia

Classification category: Product classifications

General information
1 (a)Name of the current national classification (full name in official national languages and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)Consumer Price Index Commodity Classification (CPICC).
1 (b)In which language(s) is the classification available?English
1 (c)Can the classification (or information about it) be accessed on the Internet? If yes, please provide the URL.The CPICC can be accessed by following the link below to the ABS website:
Classification structure
2 (a)Please describe the structure of the classification: How many levels does the classification have? (Please provide labels, such as “Division”, “Class”) How many categories exist at each level?The CPICC consists of three levels; Group, Subgroup and Expenditure class. The CPICC contains 11 Groups, 33 Subgroups, 87 Expenditure classes and over 1,000 elementary aggregates.
2 (b)Please provide examples of the coding system used at each level.The Group level contains a particular number specific to that Group (eg. 11 Financial and Insurance Services). The Subgroup is coded by a number following the Group number and separated by a full-stop (eg. 11.2 Financial Services). The Expenditure class is coded by a number following the Subgroup number and separated by a full-stop (eg. 11.2.1 Deposit and loan facilities (direct charges)).
Relationship to international standards
3 (a)Is this classification based on (or linked to) an international standard classification? If yes, please describe.Yes, the CPICC is linked to the United Nations Classification of Individual Consumption According to Purpose (COICOP). The connection between the CPICC and the COICOP is described on the ABS website, indicated below:
3 (b)Is the classification structure identical to the international standard or, if not, how does it differ? (e.g. have additional levels been added to the international standard or have changes been made within the level of the international structure, such as aggregations or additional breakdowns)The major differences between the CPICC and the COICOP are summarised as follows:

- The CPICC 'Housing' group includes new dwelling purchase by owner–occupiers, compared to COICOP which includes imputed rents for owner–occupier housing costs. The CPICC also includes property rates and charges as an inescapable cost of purchasing a house, where they are excluded from COICOP.

- The CPICC ‘Food and non–alcoholic beverages’ group includes restaurant meals and take away foods. COICOP classifies restaurant meals and take away foods under a separate group ‘Restaurants and hotels’.

- The CPICC 'Recreation' group includes air travel and hotel accommodation. COICOP classifies air travel in the 'Transportation' group and hotel accommodation in the 'Restaurants and hotels' group.

CPICC also contains an additional level of detail (elementary aggregates) than COICOP.

3 (c)Please describe deviations from the international standard (in terms of structure, methodology or application rules). Please use examples, if a general statement is not possible.Refer to answer above, 3(b).
3 (d)At what level of the international standard can data be reported for international comparison? (Please provide examples of programmes / indicators if reporting takes place at different levels of the classification.)At the four-digit level of COICOP. eg. 01.1.6 Fruit.
3 (e)If no links to international classifications exist or no international standard is used, please state if there are plans to use international norms in the future.Not applicable.
Classification uses
4 (a)Please state for which statistical purposes (surveys etc.) this classification is used and if there are users outside of the Statistical Office. Please indicate at which level the classification is used for data collection and for data publishing.The primary statistical purpose for which the CPICC is used is the production of the Consumer Price Index (CPI).
4 (b)Please give the names of institutions that use the classification for non-statistical purposes (as opposed to statistical purposes in question 4(a)). Also indicate the kind of use (e.g. tax offices, social security, customs, enterprise register, employment services, work permits etc.)No information available.
4 (c)Please indicate if alternative classifications are used by other institutions of the economy. Are these classifications available and useful for the Statistical Office?An alternative classification with which the CPICC has correspondence is the Australian Household Expenditure Classification (HEC).
Implementation / revision status
5 (a)Please state the date of the official adoption of the classification. If not yet adopted, please indicate the current state (e.g. in development, sent for approval, in printing, ready to be distributed etc.)The 16th series of the CPICC has been in use from the 4th November 2011.
5 (b)Please state the date of use of the classification for individual statistical programmes.The 16th series of the CPICC has been in use from the 4th November 2011.
5 (c)Are there existing plans for revision or update of the current classification?Reviews of CPICC are scheduled every six years with the next to be conducted in 2017.
5 (d)Name of former (previous) national classification (full name in both national tongue and in English with acronyms in brackets, should be given)The previous National CPI classification is the 15th series CPICC.
5 (e)Please describe the link of the former classification to international classificationsThe links between the 15th CPICC and 16th CPICC are described on the ABS website as indicated below:
5 (f)Please describe the structure of the former classification and indicate the number of items at each level of the classification. (similar to question 2(a))The previous classification had 11 groups, 33 subgroups and 90 expenditure classes.
5 (g)Do conversion tables exist between the former and current classification?Yes, conversion tables between the former and current classifications are accessible from the ABS website as indicated below:
5 (h)When was the former classification implemented?June Quarter, 2005.
5 (i)Are statistical data still collected or published according to the former classification? Please indicate if this statistical data is collected or published by the Statistical Office or elsewhere.Since September Quarter 2011 all statistical data are collected and published according to the current classification.
Supporting documents
6 (a)Have national explanatory notes and/or guidelines been elaborated?Information papers about CPICC are available on the ABS website as indicated below:
6 (b)Do correspondence tables exist between the national and the international classifications (if applicable)?The correspondence between CPICC and COICOP is outlined in the following paper available from the ABS website as detailed below:
6 (c)Are correspondence tables between alternative and current classification available (if applicable)?See question 6(b).
6 (d)Does a national coding index exist?No.
6 (e)Is the classification available in electronic form? If yes, in which formats is it available?(e.g. PDF, TXT, Excel, XML)The classification is available in .xml format.
6 (f)Are the correspondence tables or indexes available in electronic form?Yes.
Contact information
7 (a)Name of institution / office responsible for the development and maintenance of the classificationPrices Branch, Australian Bureau of Statistics
7 (b)Contact address, phone number, e-mail or website for public information and inquiryFor further information please contact the National Information and Referral Service by telephone on 1300 135 070.
Other comments
9 (a)Please provide any other information on this classification that you consider relevantNot applicable.

Source: UN questionnaire, 8/21/2012